…………………………………………

The axion is a sort of photon, but with just a tint of mass.

…………………………………………

Since WIMP (weakly interacting massive particle) experiments have come  empty-handed, most (6-to-1) of the universe’s mass might paradoxically come in the form of “axion” particles billions of times lighter than the electron.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

The axion can explain why the two fundamental forces that shape atomic nuclei follow different rulebooks.

…………………………………………

The strong nuclear force,  that arranges quarks inside the neutron, obeys charge-parity (CP) symmetry.

Since weak nuclear force violates charge-parity (CP) symmetry,

two-quark particles called neutral kaons decay in ways CP symmetry forbids.

…………………………………………

A typical angle-value θ ( theta ) in  strong force equations seems to be zero, which makes the neutron’s charges stay in line. But for the many other values, the quarks stray.

…………………………………………

If we treat θ as a field (instead of constant)  a particle/ excitation/axion  emerges.

…………………………………………

Photons obey both ‘quantum’ field theory and ‘classical’ Maxwell’s equations. If axions do the same,  they could add up to the missing dark matter packing the universe more  tightly.

…………………………………………

Since axions often decay into two photons, they might be detectable in  a strong magnetic field.

…………………………………………

Just like photons, axions are very wavelike, falling on the wavy end of the wave-particle duality-spectrum.

…………………………………………

Axion’s wee mass makes them extremely low-energy waves.

…………………………………………

Axion’s low-energy wavelengths fall  somewhere between a building and a football field in length.

…………………………………………

Scientists can already produce  a magnetic field that’s about 150,000 times stronger than Earth’s to detect axions by measuring excess power from axion-spawned photons.

…………………………………………

An axion does double duty as both dark matter and a neutron fixer.

…………………………………………

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..…………………………………………

Humility is the opposite of humiliation.

…………………………………………

Humility empowers us while humiliation leaves us powerless.

…………………………………………

There is no polarity between culture and nature. Culture is actually nature tended and cultivated by one of nature’s products called man.

…………………………………………

Language isn’t an artificial  layer over reality but the natural mechanism utlized by evolution to confer reality upon our very existence.

…………………………………………

An unspoken experience is actually non-existent.

…………………………………………

We tell ourselves ‘memetic’ stories  to experience life itself.

…………………………………………

We shouldn’t base our self-worth on our professional achievements  often determined by contingent  factors (genetic or circumstantial).

…………………………………………

Only man has deep sense of continuity and otherness. Man is not an individual but a  collective memory. It was born some 70,000 years ago with the birth of cognition and language. Our species were then leaving Africa and separating themselves from other animals.

…………………………………………

Man is a rope (a  collective memory) woven from many tiny strands. Our duty is to safeguard the rope from cosmic indifference and vulnerability.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Only man has  collective memory to  change the future.

…………………………………………

Only man has  collective memory to  determine his own destiny.

…………………………………………

Only man has deep sense of continuity. We shouldn’t gain immediate pleasures at the cost of this continuity!

…………………………………………

Only existential threats expose us for what we truly are! We are merely  existing entities! We are fundamentally vulnerable!

…………………………………………

According to Iris Murdoch, humility is the selfless respect for reality.

…………………………………………

Humility is our fundamental adjustment to reality! Belief in something uncontrollable sublime, be it  God or HUP, helps us ‘real’istically adjust to reality by placing us on firm (paradoxically synonymous with uncertain!)  ground.

…………………………………………

Existential threats inculcate humility. Such humility is an insertion into the world, as a way of life. Such humility helps us regain the vision of a sublime reality separate from ourselves.

…………………………………………

Humility is an acknowledgment of our cosmic insignificance.

…………………………………………

Our instinctive plus memetic sense of  self-importance (an evolutionarily evolved algorithmic plugin) usually keeps us hidden from ourselves. Humility brings us back to our naked condition.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Universe  =  10^80 atom

…………………………………………

Universe  =  change ( physical  ➕  chemical  ➕  nuclear )

…………………………………………

Life = change (  physical ➕ chemical )

…………………………………………

Nothingness =  Matter    ➕   Gravity

………………………………………..

Matter = positive potential  

Gravity  =  negative potential

…………………………………………

Massive = stars, planets, galaxies, universe (Gravity or relativity)

…………………………………………

Small = subatomic electrons, protons, neutrons, photons ( quantum mechanics)

…………………………………………

Compressed (massive ➕ small ) = black hole (quantum gravity)

…………………………………………


Ancestors / Newton =  space +  time

…………………………………………

Einstein  = spacetime

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Ancestors / Newton =  things move

…………………………………………

Einstein  = things exist  + static spacetime

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Ancestors / Newton =  things  stay  + in space

…………………………………………

Einstein  = things extend  +  along spacetime

…………………………………………

Universe = 10^24 star

…………………………………………

Logic = Reality

……………………………………..

Reality > Existence > Universe > Energy > Particles  > Chemicals > Reactions > Life > Consciousness

……………………………………..

Reality – Existence = Potential

……………………………………..

Life < Existence < Reality

……………………………………..

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..…………………………………………

……………………………………..

Wavefunction is a physical quantity in quantum mechanics!

……………………………………..

Since the value for the wave function is usually a complex number, only the square value of the wavefunction  gives the probability distribution of a quantum system (the probability of an electron to be found in a particular region)!

……………………………………..

The wave function  gives the time evolution of a quantum system! It tells us  how the system would behave when it is perturbed!

……………………………………..

In sound waves, air is doing the waving.

In light waves, electro-magnetic field is doing the waving. For matter waves, this is the wave function!

……………………………………..

The wave function of a particle at a given point of space and time is coupled to the probability of the particle’s being there at the time!

……………………………………..

If there are many particles, in general there is only one wave function, not a separate wave function for each particle!

……………………………………..

A wave function is a function that satisfies a wave equation and describes the properties of a wave!

……………………………………..

Wave function ψ(x,y,z,t) of a particle is the amplitude (maximum displacement of a periodic wave) of matter wave associated with particle at position and time represented by (x,y,z) and t!

……………………………………..

A wave function is a continuous function!

A wave function is the amplitude of the matter wave at any point in space and time!

A wave function  allows for the calculation of allowed energy values and momentum through the Schrodinger equation!

A wave function allows for the calculation of a probability distribution in 3-dimensional space!

……………………………………..

The wavefunction is synonomous with the Schrodinger equation describing the evolution over time of a quantum system!

…………………………………….

Just like a subatomic particle, the entire universe is coupled to some  schrodinger equation/wavefunction!

……………………………………..

Conciousness causes the reduction of the wavefunction much how the observer ruins every quantum physics experiment!

……………………………………..

Chemical reactions happen because wavefunctions of different atoms interfere with each other to form molecular orbitals!

……………………………………..

Wavefunction is quantum mechanical conterpart to trajectory in classical mechanics!

……………………………………..



We can’t expect a better interpretation of quantum mechanics at the cost of classical realism.

…………………………………………

As individual quantum systems, particles appear to scatter off empty branches of the wave-function, and conversely travel through particles as if they were waves.

…………………………………………

Geo-centrism was dismissed by the Copernican revolution; perpetual  motion dismissed by thermodynamics, and absolute space and time dismissed by relativity theory.

…………………………………………

Local realism (locality, determinism and causation)  appears to be violated by quantum entanglement.

…………………………………………

Quantum “particle”, or configurations do not obey the principle of inertia and the conservation of momentum.

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

Traditional (using Schroedinger’s equation) quantum prediction is like the worst weather forecasts giving only the average daily amount of rain expected over the next month. It says nothing about specific atoms or electrons doing things in real time.

……………………………………..

Traditional (using Schroedinger’s equation) quantum prediction is just to scrutinize records of events long after they have happened.
……………………………………..
Traditional (using Schroedinger’s equation) quantum mechanics works only for “ensembles” of many particles. The larger ensemble, the better.
……………………………………..

……………………………………..
“Quantum trajectory theory makes predictions that are impossible to make with the standard formulation,” Devoret said. In particular, it can predict how individual quantum objects such as particles will behave when they are observed — that’s to say, when measurements are made on them.
……………………………………..
Schrödinger’s equation can’t tell us what to expect from a lone quantum jump.
……………………………………..
Measurement derails the Schrödinger equation because the act of observation (due to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle) injects a noise into the system.
……………………………………..

A new quantum trajectory theory(QTT) uses careful and complete observations of the way the system has behaved so far to predict what it will do in the future.
It gives us the story of an individual particle — and the ability to see where it might be headed next.

……………………………………..
…………………………………………

In double-slit experiment,  individual photons that pass through a wall with two slits produce patterns on a screen as if they’re all waves interacting — until we  set up a photon detector to measure which slits each photon passes through, at which point they produce two bright lines as if they’re individual photons.

……………………………………..
In superposition, quantum particles travel as  wave taking two paths at once. But measurement or observation  collapses these into individual particles taking a single path at one time.

……………………………………..

Physicists explain big(planets) and small things(electrons) by two separate rulebooks.

…………………………………………
General relativity explains  gravitational force : orbiting planets, colliding galaxies, the expanding universe as a whole. Quantum mechanics explains the other three forces—electromagnetism and the two nuclear forces.
…………………………………………

Just as a pixel is the smallest unit of an image on a digital screen, so there might be an unbreakable smallest unit of coordinating geometry: a quantum of space-time.
…………………………………………
We can think of the division between the relativistic (subjective/survival) and quantum (objective/logical) systems as “smooth” versus “chunky.”
…………………………………………

Any relativistically continuous cause has deterministic local effect. Quantum events happen in jumps without any local effect.

…………………………………………
Phase space unifies classical mechanics and quantum mechanics in order to determine the future behavior of a system.
…………………………………………
To cover all possible states of a physical system, classical phase space includes both  configuration and momentum spaces  occupied by all the objects in the system.
…………………………………………
Physical space or configuration space  might be mathematically  defined by a finite or infinite dimensional manifold M.
…………………………………………

In a phase space, every degree of freedom or parameter of the system is represented as an axis of a multidimensional space; a one-dimensional system is called a phase line, while a two-dimensional system is called a phase plane.
…………………………………………
Every quantum mechanical observable corresponds to a unique function or distribution on phase space, and vice versa.

…………………………………………

Quantization is the procedure to construct a quantum system whose microscopic  aggregate corresponds to a given classical system.
…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics allows temporal or spatial connections forbidden by classical physics.
…………………………………………

Two entangled particles can influence each other instantly, even though they are a mile apart.
………………………………………
Piling up energy is   piling up mass.
Our universe begins to  fold in on itself like a black hole if we interpret smooth relativistic laws in a chunky quantum style, or vice versa.

…………………………………………

Craig Hogan suspects that the quantum units of space itself might be large enough to be studied directly.
…………………………………………

Relativity’s space-time curvature led to the modern conception of the Big Bang and black holes, not to mention atomic bombs and the time adjustments essential to our phone’s GPS.
…………………………………………
Quantum nonlocality did much more than reformulate equations of electricity, magnetism, and light. It provided the conceptual tools for the Large Hadron Collider, solar cells and all of modern microelectronics.
…………………………………………
We need a theory of quantum-gravity to tell us where the laws of nature came from, and whether the cosmos is built on uncertainty or whether it is fundamentally deterministic, with every event linked definitively to a cause.
…………………………………………
Scientists are trying to measure the graininess of space.
…………………………………………

Relativity’s space is continuous and infinitely divisible.
…………………………………………
A pixel is the smallest unit of a digital  image. A photon is the smallest unit of light. A quantum of space might be an unbreakable smallest unit of distance. The theater of reality in which gravity acts would itself be divided into unbreakable quantum units.
…………………………………………
Like chunky space, string theory averts gravitational catastrophe by introducing a finite, smallest scale to the universe.
…………………………………………
Just as a TV picture can create the impression of depth from a bunch of flat pixels, our seemingly three-dimensional reality might emerge from its two-dimensional units.
…………………………………………
A success for the holometer would mean failure for string theory. If space is chunky, the holometer’s  mirrors would constantly wander about and beams would be slightly out of sync.
…………………………………………
The other three laws of physics follow quantum rules, so it makes sense that gravity must as well.
…………………………………………
For most of today’s theorists, classical physics is a kind of illusion, an approximation of the quantum world.
…………………………………………

Even to Feynman, fractional spin and anyons seemed to be mere speculations.
…………………………………………
Vacuum is the state of minimum energy.
Void /spacetime /coordinate  is  the theoretical blank address to keep everything from happening in the same place.
…………………………………………
In Newtonian physics, vacuum is a void where separated particles exist as real things.
In quantum theory, particles are merely excitations or  disturbances in the respective  fields, the  things identical to uncaused reality.
……………………………………..
Feynman’s path integral formulation without hidden assumptions ( fields)  is a quantum  version of  Newton’s particle approach.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Quantum fields spontaneously fluctuate in intensity and direction.
……………………………………..
Higher the frequency and amplitude of a wave, higher the power and energy.
……………………………………..

A high energy wave is characterized by a high amplitude; a low energy wave is characterized by a low amplitude.
……………………………………..

Amplitude modulation or AM is the method of varying the instantaneous amplitude (signal strength)   of carrier signal in proportion to instantaneous amplitude of message signal.This technique contrasts with frequency modulation, in which the frequency of the carrier signal is varied, and phase modulation, in which its phase is varied.
……………………………………..

If two signals are at their highest peak (+) at the same time they are in phase. If one signal is at its highest peak (+) while the other  is at its lowest peak (-), they are 180 degrees out of phase.

…………………………………………

The phase of a wave is the distance between the wave’s origin point and its  first zero-crossing.
…………………………………………

Different states of matter are called  liquid, solid, and gas phases. In each phase,  molecules interact differently showing distinct physical properties.
……………………………………..

Superfluid, superconducting, and quantum critical phases are some exotic states of matter.
……………………………………..
Quantum fields such as the Higgs field can  exist in different phases i. e. states .
………………………………..
Quantum speed limits are  actually Einsteinian.
…………………………………………

Although Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle  relates position and momentum uncertainties, time is treated as a parameter(fixable in equation) rather than an observable.

…………………………………………
Many experiments demonstrating an instantaneous quantum connection between two widely separated particles  accept “spooky action at a distance”.
…………………………………………
The challenge to quantum physicists is to find ways to make a large scale universe pop out of their equations.

…………………………………………

Relativity, despite its perceived strangeness, is as classical as Newtonian mechanics.
…………………………………………
The demonstrated reality of spooky action at a distance shows that there is no underlying classical determinism as Einstein hoped.
…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics rejects   classical  ‘locality’  where a physical event can affect only its immediate surroundings.

…………………………………………

Scientists still wonder about the actual mechanism behind quantum superpositions.

……………………………………..

Superposition is a mathematical as well as experimental demand saying  that tiny objects can exist in multiple places or states simultaneously.

……………………………………..

Superposition  is a cornerstone of quantum physics.

……………………………………..
Quarks and electrons are fundamental particles because they have no substructures.

…………………………………………
String theory is an intellectual  adventure  to explain the substructure of elementary particles.

…………………………………………
Though electrons are elementary particles  ,both protons and neutrons are composed of quarks.

…………………………………………
String theory is a quantum-gravity theory.
…………………………………………
There might be extra dimensions.

…………………………………………
If string theory is true, there are extra dimensions.

…………………………………………
The compact space along an extra dimension might be too small for the  extra dimension to be detected.

…………………………………………
It took many years to confirm that the two-dimensional surface of the earth is curved or compact along a third dimension.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Everything we can interact with might be stuck to the four-dimensional surface of a larger-dimensional space-time bowl.

…………………………………………

A dimension is not a crazy idea. A dimension is a direction.

…………………………………………
We live in three dimensional space.

…………………………………………
If we want to specify the location of something in space, we have to give three numbers.

…………………………………………
Speculated other worlds/universes  are not other dimensions themselves.

…………………………………………
The mathematics of quantum systems apply to elementary particles that  can be studied in the lab.

…………………………………………
Quantum description is probabilistic. It doesn’t tell us for certain that something is here or there. It  tells  us  that something is both here and there  at the same time. Dictionaries have  got a new word   ‘superposition’.

…………………………………………

Quantum superposed states might exist in multiverses i.e. different  worlds. This is called the many-worlds interpretation.
…………………………………………

Quantum many-worlds interpretation  says  that when you flip a coin, instead of there being a definite outcome, there are both outcomes, and then the world splits into these two  superposed worlds.

…………………………………………
Conflicting observations(vertical vs  horizontal ) of the same reality (a photon’s polarization) may both be correct, according quantum thought experiment known as “Wigner’s friend.” For someone ignorant of the result of the measurements, the unmeasured photon is still in a state of superposition.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics describes how the world works at subatomic scale.

…………………………………………

According to quantum thought experiment known as “Wigner’s friend” , no measurement result is  absolute but relative to the observer.
…………………………………………
Quantum mechanics  is the most successful theory ever formulated. Its experimental predictions are often beyond question.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Quantum entanglement connects us to the edge of the universe.
…………………………………………
Instead of describing the universe in terms of particles and forces, quantum entanglement describes it as a quantum information processing.
…………………………………………
The space-time fabric of the universe might emerge from the entangled correlation of quantum information.
…………………………………………

Space-time might be generated  by quantum entanglement.
…………………………………………
Copying does not exist in the quantum world.
…………………………………………

If we wonder  what’s truly fundamental in this Universe, we have to to investigate matter and energy on the smallest  scale.

…………………………………………
On smallest scale individual particles lack well-defined properties like position and momentum.

…………………………………………

What appears to us as  quantum indeterminism, is actually to regard our common sense more  fundamental  than logic.
…………………………………………
Quantum mechanics has doomed Einstein’s  dream — of a  deterministic description of reality —  at least  theoretically.
…………………………………………

Gravitational effects are  negligible at the quantum level.

……………………………………..

General relativity and quantum mechanics can describe nature only  within their domains of applicability.
……………………………………..
Since the gravitational field is  a deformation of spacetime itself, gravity  is supposed to act on particles interactions, or even on their existence.
……………………………………..
We still don’t know whether quantum field theory is stable if we take into account the gravitational field.
……………………………………..
Structures like black holes or cosmological singularities are the assumptions of  general relativity, but their critical points, their subatomic singularities belong to the quantum realm. So physicists bother about such enigmatic structures to combine quantum mechanics with relativity.

……………………………………..
……………………………………..

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

We can’t expect a better interpretation of quantum mechanics at the cost of classical realism.

…………………………………………

As individual quantum systems, particles appear to scatter off empty branches of the wave-function, and conversely travel through particles as if they were waves.

…………………………………………

Geo-centrism was dismissed by the Copernican revolution; perpetual  motion dismissed by thermodynamics, and absolute space and time dismissed by relativity theory.

…………………………………………

Local realism (locality, determinism and causation)  appears to be violated by quantum entanglement.

…………………………………………

Quantum “particle”, or configurations do not obey the principle of inertia and the conservation of momentum.

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

Traditional (using Schroedinger’s equation) quantum prediction is like the worst weather forecasts giving only the average daily amount of rain expected over the next month. It says nothing about specific atoms or electrons doing things in real time.

……………………………………..

Traditional (using Schroedinger’s equation) quantum prediction is just to scrutinize records of events long after they have happened.
……………………………………..
Traditional (using Schroedinger’s equation) quantum mechanics works only for “ensembles” of many particles. The larger ensemble, the better.
……………………………………..

……………………………………..
“Quantum trajectory theory makes predictions that are impossible to make with the standard formulation,” Devoret said. In particular, it can predict how individual quantum objects such as particles will behave when they are observed — that’s to say, when measurements are made on them.
……………………………………..
Schrödinger’s equation can’t tell us what to expect from a lone quantum jump.
……………………………………..
Measurement derails the Schrödinger equation because the act of observation (due to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle) injects a noise into the system.
……………………………………..

A new quantum trajectory theory(QTT) uses careful and complete observations of the way the system has behaved so far to predict what it will do in the future.
It gives us the story of an individual particle — and the ability to see where it might be headed next.

……………………………………..
…………………………………………

In double-slit experiment,  individual photons that pass through a wall with two slits produce patterns on a screen as if they’re all waves interacting — until we  set up a photon detector to measure which slits each photon passes through, at which point they produce two bright lines as if they’re individual photons.

……………………………………..
In superposition, quantum particles travel as  wave taking two paths at once. But measurement or observation  collapses these into individual particles taking a single path at one time.

……………………………………..

Physicists explain big(planets) and small things(electrons) by two separate rulebooks.


…………………………………………
General relativity explains  gravitational force : orbiting planets, colliding galaxies, the expanding universe as a whole. Quantum mechanics explains the other three forces—electromagnetism and the two nuclear forces.
…………………………………………

Just as a pixel is the smallest unit of an image on a digital screen, so there might be an unbreakable smallest unit of coordinating geometry: a quantum of space-time.
…………………………………………
We can think of the division between the relativistic (subjective/survival) and quantum (objective/logical) systems as “smooth” versus “chunky.”
…………………………………………


Any relativistically continuous cause has deterministic local effect. Quantum events happen in jumps without any local effect.


…………………………………………
Phase space unifies classical mechanics and quantum mechanics in order to determine the future behavior of a system.
…………………………………………
To cover all possible states of a physical system, classical phase space includes both  configuration and momentum spaces  occupied by all the objects in the system.
…………………………………………
Physical space or configuration space  might be mathematically  defined by a finite or infinite dimensional manifold M.
…………………………………………

In a phase space, every degree of freedom or parameter of the system is represented as an axis of a multidimensional space; a one-dimensional system is called a phase line, while a two-dimensional system is called a phase plane.
…………………………………………
Every quantum mechanical observable corresponds to a unique function or distribution on phase space, and vice versa.


…………………………………………

Quantization is the procedure to construct a quantum system whose microscopic  aggregate corresponds to a given classical system.
…………………………………………


Quantum mechanics allows temporal or spatial connections forbidden by classical physics.
…………………………………………


Two entangled particles can influence each other instantly, even though they are a mile apart.
………………………………………
Piling up energy is   piling up mass.
Our universe begins to  fold in on itself like a black hole if we interpret smooth relativistic laws in a chunky quantum style, or vice versa.


…………………………………………

Craig Hogan suspects that the quantum units of space itself might be large enough to be studied directly.
…………………………………………


Relativity’s space-time curvature led to the modern conception of the Big Bang and black holes, not to mention atomic bombs and the time adjustments essential to our phone’s GPS.
…………………………………………
Quantum nonlocality did much more than reformulate equations of electricity, magnetism, and light. It provided the conceptual tools for the Large Hadron Collider, solar cells and all of modern microelectronics.
…………………………………………
We need a theory of quantum-gravity to tell us where the laws of nature came from, and whether the cosmos is built on uncertainty or whether it is fundamentally deterministic, with every event linked definitively to a cause.
…………………………………………
Scientists are trying to measure the graininess of space.
…………………………………………

Relativity’s space is continuous and infinitely divisible.
…………………………………………
A pixel is the smallest unit of a digital  image. A photon is the smallest unit of light. A quantum of space might be an unbreakable smallest unit of distance. The theater of reality in which gravity acts would itself be divided into unbreakable quantum units.
…………………………………………
Like chunky space, string theory averts gravitational catastrophe by introducing a finite, smallest scale to the universe.
…………………………………………
Just as a TV picture can create the impression of depth from a bunch of flat pixels, our seemingly three-dimensional reality might emerge from its two-dimensional units.
…………………………………………
A success for the holometer would mean failure for string theory. If space is chunky, the holometer’s  mirrors would constantly wander about and beams would be slightly out of sync.
…………………………………………
The other three laws of physics follow quantum rules, so it makes sense that gravity must as well.
…………………………………………
For most of today’s theorists, classical physics is a kind of illusion, an approximation of the quantum world.
…………………………………………


Even to Feynman, fractional spin and anyons seemed to be mere speculations.
…………………………………………
Vacuum is the state of minimum energy.
Void /spacetime /coordinate  is  the theoretical blank address to keep everything from happening in the same place.
…………………………………………
In Newtonian physics, vacuum is a void where separated particles exist as real things.
In quantum theory, particles are merely excitations or  disturbances in the respective  fields, the  things identical to uncaused reality.
……………………………………..
Feynman’s path integral formulation without hidden assumptions ( fields)  is a quantum  version of  Newton’s particle approach.
…………………………………………


…………………………………………


Quantum fields spontaneously fluctuate in intensity and direction.
……………………………………..
Higher the frequency and amplitude of a wave, higher the power and energy.
……………………………………..

A high energy wave is characterized by a high amplitude; a low energy wave is characterized by a low amplitude.
……………………………………..

Amplitude modulation or AM is the method of varying the instantaneous amplitude (signal strength)   of carrier signal in proportion to instantaneous amplitude of message signal.This technique contrasts with frequency modulation, in which the frequency of the carrier signal is varied, and phase modulation, in which its phase is varied.
……………………………………..


If two signals are at their highest peak (+) at the same time they are in phase. If one signal is at its highest peak (+) while the other  is at its lowest peak (-), they are 180 degrees out of phase.

…………………………………………

The phase of a wave is the distance between the wave’s origin point and its  first zero-crossing.
…………………………………………


Different states of matter are called  liquid, solid, and gas phases. In each phase,  molecules interact differently showing distinct physical properties.
……………………………………..


Superfluid, superconducting, and quantum critical phases are some exotic states of matter.
……………………………………..
Quantum fields such as the Higgs field can  exist in different phases i. e. states .
………………………………..
Quantum speed limits are  actually Einsteinian.
…………………………………………

Although Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle  relates position and momentum uncertainties, time is treated as a parameter(fixable in equation) rather than an observable.


…………………………………………
Many experiments demonstrating an instantaneous quantum connection between two widely separated particles  accept “spooky action at a distance”.
…………………………………………
The challenge to quantum physicists is to find ways to make a large scale universe pop out of their equations.


…………………………………………

Relativity, despite its perceived strangeness, is as classical as Newtonian mechanics.
…………………………………………
The demonstrated reality of spooky action at a distance shows that there is no underlying classical determinism as Einstein hoped.
…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics rejects   classical  ‘locality’  where a physical event can affect only its immediate surroundings.


…………………………………………

Scientists still wonder about the actual mechanism behind quantum superpositions.

……………………………………..

Superposition is a mathematical as well as experimental demand saying  that tiny objects can exist in multiple places or states simultaneously.

……………………………………..

Superposition  is a cornerstone of quantum physics.

……………………………………..
Quarks and electrons are fundamental particles because they have no substructures.


…………………………………………
String theory is an intellectual  adventure  to explain the substructure of elementary particles.


…………………………………………
Though electrons are elementary particles  ,both protons and neutrons are composed of quarks.


…………………………………………
String theory is a quantum-gravity theory.
…………………………………………
There might be extra dimensions.


…………………………………………
If string theory is true, there are extra dimensions.


…………………………………………
The compact space along an extra dimension might be too small for the  extra dimension to be detected.


…………………………………………
It took many years to confirm that the two-dimensional surface of the earth is curved or compact along a third dimension.


…………………………………………


…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Everything we can interact with might be stuck to the four-dimensional surface of a larger-dimensional space-time bowl.


…………………………………………


A dimension is not a crazy idea. A dimension is a direction.


…………………………………………
We live in three dimensional space.


…………………………………………
If we want to specify the location of something in space, we have to give three numbers.


…………………………………………
Speculated other worlds/universes  are not other dimensions themselves.


…………………………………………
The mathematics of quantum systems apply to elementary particles that  can be studied in the lab.


…………………………………………
Quantum description is probabilistic. It doesn’t tell us for certain that something is here or there. It  tells  us  that something is both here and there  at the same time. Dictionaries have  got a new word   ‘superposition’.


…………………………………………

Quantum superposed states might exist in multiverses i.e. different  worlds. This is called the many-worlds interpretation.
…………………………………………


Quantum many-worlds interpretation  says  that when you flip a coin, instead of there being a definite outcome, there are both outcomes, and then the world splits into these two  superposed worlds.

…………………………………………
Conflicting observations(vertical vs  horizontal ) of the same reality (a photon’s polarization) may both be correct, according quantum thought experiment known as “Wigner’s friend.” For someone ignorant of the result of the measurements, the unmeasured photon is still in a state of superposition.


…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics describes how the world works at subatomic scale.


…………………………………………

According to quantum thought experiment known as “Wigner’s friend” , no measurement result is  absolute but relative to the observer.
…………………………………………
Quantum mechanics  is the most successful theory ever formulated. Its experimental predictions are often beyond question.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Quantum entanglement connects us to the edge of the universe.
…………………………………………
Instead of describing the universe in terms of particles and forces, quantum entanglement describes it as a quantum information processing.
…………………………………………
The space-time fabric of the universe might emerge from the entangled correlation of quantum information.
…………………………………………


Space-time might be generated  by quantum entanglement.
…………………………………………
Copying does not exist in the quantum world.  
…………………………………………

If we wonder  what’s truly fundamental in this Universe, we have to to investigate matter and energy on the smallest  scale.

…………………………………………
On smallest scale individual particles lack well-defined properties like position and momentum.

…………………………………………

What appears to us as  quantum indeterminism, is actually to regard our common sense more  fundamental  than logic.
…………………………………………
Quantum mechanics has doomed Einstein’s  dream — of a  deterministic description of reality —  at least  theoretically.
…………………………………………

Gravitational effects are  negligible at the quantum level.

……………………………………..

General relativity and quantum mechanics can describe nature only  within their domains of applicability.
……………………………………..
Since the gravitational field is  a deformation of spacetime itself, gravity  is supposed to act on particles interactions, or even on their existence.
……………………………………..
We still don’t know whether quantum field theory is stable if we take into account the gravitational field.
……………………………………..
Structures like black holes or cosmological singularities are the assumptions of  general relativity, but their critical points, their subatomic singularities belong to the quantum realm. So physicists bother about such enigmatic structures to combine quantum mechanics with relativity.

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

Some Quantum Darwinists dream of  a theoretical framework that needs no classical environment, but just shows how classical reality can emerge from mutually interactive  quantum systems!

…………………………………………

Fields  in QFT determine how many fundamental particles (with spin between 0 and 1, inclusive) there are, in a particular state, at a specific spacetime region.

……………………………………..

Our science teachers should promote

the vision that any physical theory is just a tool (imaginary model) for making calculations. Reality needs (what does it even mean?) no  blueprint.

……………………………………..

“I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics.”

-Richard Feynman

……………………………………..

Though physicists use quantum mathe’magic’ to discover new particles or to invent quantum computers, they still don’t know how ‘real’istic their equations are.

……………………………………..

Physicists have put off thinking about the true meaning of quantum mechanics for the time being.

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

Today’s physicists can directly measure the complex amplitudes of a nonlocal wave function of two entangled photons, rather than relying on tomographic(computerised image of a particular plane through an object from multiple X-ray measurements) or other indirect techniques.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

“Quantum Physics is fine, human bias about reality is the real problem”.

-Ethan Siegel

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

We can’t expect a better interpretation of quantum mechanics at the cost of classical realism.

…………………………………………

As individual quantum systems, particles appear to scatter off empty branches of the wave-function, and conversely travel through particles as if they were waves.

…………………………………………

Geo-centrism was dismissed by the Copernican revolution; perpetual  motion dismissed by thermodynamics, and absolute space and time dismissed by relativity theory.

…………………………………………

Local realism (locality, determinism and causation)  appears to be violated by quantum entanglement.

…………………………………………

Quantum “particle”, or configurations do not obey the principle of inertia and the conservation of momentum.

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

Traditional (using Schroedinger’s equation) quantum prediction is like the worst weather forecasts giving only the average daily amount of rain expected over the next month. It says nothing about specific atoms or electrons doing things in real time.

……………………………………..

Traditional (using Schroedinger’s equation) quantum prediction is just to scrutinize records of events long after they have happened.

……………………………………..

Traditional (using Schroedinger’s equation) quantum mechanics works only for “ensembles” of many particles. The larger ensemble, the better.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

“Quantum trajectory theory makes predictions that are impossible to make with the standard formulation,” Devoret said. In particular, it can predict how individual quantum objects such as particles will behave when they are observed — that’s to say, when measurements are made on them.

……………………………………..

Schrödinger’s equation can’t tell us what to expect from a lone quantum jump.

……………………………………..

Measurement derails the Schrödinger equation because the act of observation (due to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle) injects a noise into the system.

……………………………………..

A new quantum trajectory theory(QTT) uses careful and complete observations of the way the system has behaved so far to predict what it will do in the future.

It gives us the story of an individual particle — and the ability to see where it might be headed next.

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

In double-slit experiment,  individual photons that pass through a wall with two slits produce patterns on a screen as if they’re all waves interacting — until we  set up a photon detector to measure which slits each photon passes through, at which point they produce two bright lines as if they’re individual photons.

……………………………………..

In superposition, quantum particles travel as  wave taking two paths at once. But measurement or observation  collapses these into individual particles taking a single path at one time.

……………………………………..

Physicists explain big(planets) and small things(electrons) by two separate rulebooks.

…………………………………………

General relativity explains  gravitational force : orbiting planets, colliding galaxies, the expanding universe as a whole. Quantum mechanics explains the other three forces—electromagnetism and the two nuclear forces.

…………………………………………

Just as a pixel is the smallest unit of an image on a digital screen, so there might be an unbreakable smallest unit of coordinating geometry: a quantum of space-time.

…………………………………………

We can think of the division between the relativistic (subjective/survival) and quantum (objective/logical) systems as “smooth” versus “chunky.”

…………………………………………

Any relativistically continuous cause has deterministic local effect. Quantum events happen in jumps without any local effect.

…………………………………………

Phase space unifies classical mechanics and quantum mechanics in order to determine the future behavior of a system.

…………………………………………

To cover all possible states of a physical system, classical phase space includes both  configuration and momentum spaces  occupied by all the objects in the system.

…………………………………………

Physical space or configuration space  might be mathematically  defined by a finite or infinite dimensional manifold M.

…………………………………………

In a phase space, every degree of freedom or parameter of the system is represented as an axis of a multidimensional space; a one-dimensional system is called a phase line, while a two-dimensional system is called a phase plane.

…………………………………………

Every quantum mechanical observable corresponds to a unique function or distribution on phase space, and vice versa.

…………………………………………

Quantization is the procedure to construct a quantum system whose microscopic  aggregate corresponds to a given classical system.

…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics allows temporal or spatial connections forbidden by classical physics.

…………………………………………

Two entangled particles can influence each other instantly, even though they are a mile apart.

………………………………………

Piling up energy is   piling up mass.

Our universe begins to  fold in on itself like a black hole if we interpret smooth relativistic laws in a chunky quantum style, or vice versa.

…………………………………………

Craig Hogan suspects that the quantum units of space itself might be large enough to be studied directly.

…………………………………………

Relativity’s space-time curvature led to the modern conception of the Big Bang and black holes, not to mention atomic bombs and the time adjustments essential to our phone’s GPS.

…………………………………………

Quantum nonlocality did much more than reformulate equations of electricity, magnetism, and light. It provided the conceptual tools for the Large Hadron Collider, solar cells and all of modern microelectronics.

…………………………………………

We need a theory of quantum-gravity to tell us where the laws of nature came from, and whether the cosmos is built on uncertainty or whether it is fundamentally deterministic, with every event linked definitively to a cause.

…………………………………………

Scientists are trying to measure the graininess of space.

…………………………………………

Relativity’s space is continuous and infinitely divisible.

…………………………………………

A pixel is the smallest unit of a digital  image. A photon is the smallest unit of light. A quantum of space might be an unbreakable smallest unit of distance. The theater of reality in which gravity acts would itself be divided into unbreakable quantum units.

…………………………………………

Like chunky space, string theory averts gravitational catastrophe by introducing a finite, smallest scale to the universe.

…………………………………………

Just as a TV picture can create the impression of depth from a bunch of flat pixels, our seemingly three-dimensional reality might emerge from its two-dimensional units.

…………………………………………

A success for the holometer would mean failure for string theory. If space is chunky, the holometer’s  mirrors would constantly wander about and beams would be slightly out of sync.

…………………………………………

The other three laws of physics follow quantum rules, so it makes sense that gravity must as well.

…………………………………………

For most of today’s theorists, classical physics is a kind of illusion, an approximation of the quantum world.

…………………………………………

Even to Feynman, fractional spin and anyons seemed to be mere speculations.

…………………………………………

Vacuum is the state of minimum energy.

Void /spacetime /coordinate  is  the theoretical blank address to keep everything from happening in the same place.

…………………………………………

In Newtonian physics, vacuum is a void where separated particles exist as real things.

In quantum theory, particles are merely excitations or  disturbances in the respective  fields, the  things identical to uncaused reality.

……………………………………..

Feynman’s path integral formulation without hidden assumptions ( fields)  is a quantum  version of  Newton’s particle approach.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Quantum fields spontaneously fluctuate in intensity and direction.

……………………………………..

Higher the frequency and amplitude of a wave, higher the power and energy.

……………………………………..

A high energy wave is characterized by a high amplitude; a low energy wave is characterized by a low amplitude.

……………………………………..

Amplitude modulation or AM is the method of varying the instantaneous amplitude (signal strength)   of carrier signal in proportion to instantaneous amplitude of message signal.This technique contrasts with frequency modulation, in which the frequency of the carrier signal is varied, and phase modulation, in which its phase is varied.

……………………………………..

If two signals are at their highest peak (+) at the same time they are in phase. If one signal is at its highest peak (+) while the other  is at its lowest peak (-), they are 180 degrees out of phase.

…………………………………………

The phase of a wave is the distance between the wave’s origin point and its  first zero-crossing.

…………………………………………

Different states of matter are called  liquid, solid, and gas phases. In each phase,  molecules interact differently showing distinct physical properties.

……………………………………..

Superfluid, superconducting, and quantum critical phases are some exotic states of matter.

……………………………………..

Quantum fields such as the Higgs field can  exist in different phases i. e. states .

………………………………..

Quantum speed limits are  actually Einsteinian.

…………………………………………

Although Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle  relates position and momentum uncertainties, time is treated as a parameter(fixable in equation) rather than an observable.

…………………………………………

Many experiments demonstrating an instantaneous quantum connection between two widely separated particles  accept “spooky action at a distance”.

…………………………………………

The challenge to quantum physicists is to find ways to make a large scale universe pop out of their equations.

…………………………………………

Relativity, despite its perceived strangeness, is as classical as Newtonian mechanics.

…………………………………………

The demonstrated reality of spooky action at a distance shows that there is no underlying classical determinism as Einstein hoped.

…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics rejects   classical  ‘locality’  where a physical event can affect only its immediate surroundings.

…………………………………………

Scientists still wonder about the actual mechanism behind quantum superpositions.

……………………………………..

Superposition is a mathematical as well as experimental demand saying  that tiny objects can exist in multiple places or states simultaneously.

……………………………………..

Superposition  is a cornerstone of quantum physics.

……………………………………..

Quarks and electrons are fundamental particles because they have no substructures.

…………………………………………

String theory is an intellectual  adventure  to explain the substructure of elementary particles.

…………………………………………

Though electrons are elementary particles  ,both protons and neutrons are composed of quarks.

…………………………………………

String theory is a quantum-gravity theory.

…………………………………………

There might be extra dimensions.

…………………………………………

If string theory is true, there are extra dimensions.

…………………………………………

The compact space along an extra dimension might be too small for the  extra dimension to be detected.

…………………………………………

It took many years to confirm that the two-dimensional surface of the earth is curved or compact along a third dimension.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Everything we can interact with might be stuck to the four-dimensional surface of a larger-dimensional space-time bowl.

…………………………………………

A dimension is not a crazy idea. A dimension is a direction.

…………………………………………

We live in three dimensional space.

…………………………………………

If we want to specify the location of something in space, we have to give three numbers.

…………………………………………

Speculated other worlds/universes  are not other dimensions themselves.

…………………………………………

The mathematics of quantum systems apply to elementary particles that  can be studied in the lab.

…………………………………………

Quantum description is probabilistic. It doesn’t tell us for certain that something is here or there. It  tells  us  that something is both here and there  at the same time. Dictionaries have  got a new word   ‘superposition’.

…………………………………………

Quantum superposed states might exist in multiverses i.e. different  worlds. This is called the many-worlds interpretation.

…………………………………………

Quantum many-worlds interpretation  says  that when you flip a coin, instead of there being a definite outcome, there are both outcomes, and then the world splits into these two  superposed worlds.

…………………………………………

Conflicting observations(vertical vs  horizontal ) of the same reality (a photon’s polarization) may both be correct, according quantum thought experiment known as “Wigner’s friend.” For someone ignorant of the result of the measurements, the unmeasured photon is still in a state of superposition.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics describes how the world works at subatomic scale.

…………………………………………

According to quantum thought experiment known as “Wigner’s friend” , no measurement result is  absolute but relative to the observer.

…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics  is the most successful theory ever formulated. Its experimental predictions are often beyond question.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Quantum entanglement connects us to the edge of the universe.

…………………………………………

Instead of describing the universe in terms of particles and forces, quantum entanglement describes it as a quantum information processing.

…………………………………………

The space-time fabric of the universe might emerge from the entangled correlation of quantum information.

…………………………………………

Space-time might be generated  by quantum entanglement.

…………………………………………

Copying does not exist in the quantum world.

…………………………………………

If we wonder  what’s truly fundamental in this Universe, we have to to investigate matter and energy on the smallest  scale.

…………………………………………

On smallest scale individual particles lack well-defined properties like position and momentum.

…………………………………………

What appears to us as  quantum indeterminism, is actually to regard our common sense more  fundamental  than logic.

…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics has doomed Einstein’s  dream — of a  deterministic description of reality —  at least  theoretically.

…………………………………………

Gravitational effects are  negligible at the quantum level.

……………………………………..

General relativity and quantum mechanics can describe nature only  within their domains of applicability.

……………………………………..

Since the gravitational field is  a deformation of spacetime itself, gravity  is supposed to act on particles interactions, or even on their existence.

……………………………………..

We still don’t know whether quantum field theory is stable if we take into account the gravitational field.

……………………………………..

Structures like black holes or cosmological singularities are the assumptions of  general relativity, but their critical points, their subatomic singularities belong to the quantum realm. So physicists bother about such enigmatic structures to combine quantum mechanics with relativity.

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

When replication hosts  some existentially self-amplifying copying errors, it is called ‘evolution’.

…………………………………………

A replicator is anything that gets, directly or indirectly, copied.

…………………………………………

Survival of the fittest amounts to survival of the best replicating mechanism. It has nothing to do with strength, agility, longevity, happiness  or extraordinary intelligence. Even a shorter-lived replicator that is better at being copied become more abundant than a durable, long-lived one.

…………………………………………

Biological evolution is actually a contest between pieces of DNA to see which of them could make the most copies of themselves.

…………………………………………

A virus, whether genetic or memetic,  exists because a copying mechanism might not be equipped with a screening plugin.

…………………………………………

A virus is one of the mechanisms for copying and dispersing information in the universe.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

A virus is one of the universal replicators for copying and dispersing information in the universe.

…………………………………………

The human mind is the most advanced copying mechanism of all.

…………………………………………

The four variedly robust   characteristics of a replicator: penetration, copying, issuing instructions, and spreading.

…………………………………………

Human culture is best identified as a meme pool.

…………………………………………

We should put our meme pool to work for humanity’s best interests.

…………………………………………

Since our biological default plugin for understanding isn’t designed to understand what happens over millions or billions of years, Darwinism seems weird.

…………………………………………

Things or forms change. It is called entropy. By ‘evolution’, we just  make a distinction between the winners ( which continue to exist, grow, split and replicate), and the losers. When such a replicating machinery secures its existence by adapting to environmental feedbacks, we get something upon which we ascribe a special name called ‘life’.

…………………………………………

Asymmetries or things level out ( get simpler or symmetric) over time, like sand castles on a beach.

…………………………………………

Evolution is a scientific model of how things become more asymmetric and

complex; entropy describes how things become symmetric and simpler.

…………………………………………

Evolution is the opposite of entropy.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Everything ,whether living or nonliving, serves as hardware (host medium) for the survival of some replicator-software. Due to universal Darwinism, only the most efficient transmission media gets to play host.

…………………………………………

Physical existence is a host-medium  spreading pointer states/quantum probabilities/fundamental replicators.

…………………………………………

Where there is life,there are replicators. And vice versa? Beware. Alien replicators imply alien life!

…………………………………………

If our media environments — everything from internet to infotainment  get too autonomous to need biological hosts, a memetic alien life/ AI  might try to get rid of  humanity in line with Darwinian natural selection.

…………………………………………

What is most radical about Dawkins’ theory is that it reduces existence to the level of mere media- as if things exist only to  facilitate the replication and passage of information.

…………………………………………

We needed Darwin to show us that life is the gift of mechanical evolution. We needed  Dawkins to tell us that neither individuals nor species but  replicators serve as the hot iron to bear the blind blows  of  evolutionary hammer.

…………………………………………

In Dawkins’s theory, very little difference exists between humans and machines, animals and ideologies, insects and internet memes— all are just containers of some replicators.

…………………………………………

In Dawkins’s theory, man is just one of many potential host media for transmission and reproduction of “content”.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Our bodies are containers for genes. Our minds are containers for memes.

…………………………………………

“When you plant a fertile meme in my mind you literally parasitize my brain, turning it into a vehicle for the meme’s propagation in just the way that a virus may parasitize the genetic mechanism of a host cell.”

-Richard Dawkins

…………………………………………

According to Richard Dawkins’  famous book “The Selfish Gene”(1976), neither species nor individual beings play  central role in evolution. Living things serve as  useful “packages” for genes’ survival in harsh enviromrnt.

…………………………………………

According to Richard Dawkins’  famous book “The Selfish Gene”(1976), life on this planet emerged as the byproduct of multiplying replicators’(DNA molecules) survival  in more and more

precariously effective ways.

…………………………………………

Our entire anthropic environment can be seen as a dynamic host or  transmission media for the survival of replicators (both genes and memes) in general. Our entire planet ,as a survival package to protect  replicators, resembles Gaia(James Lovelock’s Alive Earth).
…………………………………………


Replicators are medium-born. Medium proliferates them. But they will use any medium extending their circulation and reproduction. After finding a better medium  replicators quickly leave the old medium without any gratitude.

…………………………………………


A medium serves as the host for replicators.

…………………………………………
Replicators cannot survive without a host.

…………………………………………

A host/medium/container/transmitter  is quickly chosen by replicators whenever it is available and effective.

…………………………………………

A sort of memetic spell forces us to share posts on social media. This 21st century has already become a  digital meme pool. Internet users(directly or indirectly) serve as mere links in a chain of host media for the passage of memetic information. Too much automation might one day replace our species with artificially intelligent robots. Replication will continue as well, or even better.

…………………………………………

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..……………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………

An individual atom’s quantum spin is its electrons’ net spin.

…………………………………………

An individual atom’s spin on a surface can be used as qubits for quantum computer.

…………………………………………

Physicists can modify  interactions between pairs of atoms by controlling the position of  qubits.
…………………………………………
Classical computers make use of bits that can have either one of two distinct values, “0” or “1”.

…………………………………………

As well as taking two distinct values, “0” or “1”, qubits can also exist in quantum superposition states of “0” and “1” at the same time.

…………………………………………The quantumness of  qubits is  extremely fragile since information saturates soon into the surrounding environment.
…………………………………………

Since spin  happens when constituents (particles) of an object travel in circular path, fundamental particles like electrons have no classical spin.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Momentum is the stability against gravity just by moving.

…………………………………………

An upright and stable spinning top wobbles and finally topples due to gravity. But electrons in a magnet never topple but mysteriously wobble!

Experimental observations force us to name this mystery as ‘spin’- a quantum meme!

…………………………………………

Math not only works with electrons’ ghostly spin, it also
allows us to build some cool electronic gadgets.

…………………………………………

Our familiar three(four)-dimensional Euclidean coordinate system is not a suitable meme to  describe a typical quantum-mechanical system. Often math and observations agree to introduce other memetic parameters (like spin) and memetic spaces (like a Hilbert or a Fock space).

…………………………………………

To match and model observations ,we force quantum mechanics’  mathematical space  to  “spin” around our classical particle. Classicality is a more familiar meme than quantumness………………………………………….

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

“Life and Reality are not things you can have for yourself unless you accord them to all others. They do not belong to particular persons any more than the sun, moon and stars.”
-Alan Watts

…………………………………………

Reality is whatever exists without descriptive baggages.

…………………………………………

Both supernaturalism and celebrity culture rob us of realness.

…………………………………………

Digital algorithms will keep on  replacing humans in more and more jobs.

…………………………………………

Provided universal basic income frees us of daily drudgery,

people will need to be occupied and content.

Our brain is the most advanced computing system in the known universe. It demands a supply of  purposeful tasks to stay active. Even playing virtual reality games serves the purpose.

It is evolutionarily tested that  virtual reality (  whether that be computer games, supernatural practices or unbridled consumerism ) saves our species in such situations.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Virtual reality is not always encased inside an isolated box. Both supernaturalism and consumerism serve as virtual reality games. If you forget to pray, you lose points. If you can’t buy BMW, you lose points.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

The meaning of life is just a fictional story- an instrument to enjoy some typical algorithmic sensations in neurons. It doesn’t matter whether the neurons are stimulated by digital  screen, by a packaged tour, or by thinking about an afterlife happiness.

…………………………………………

A significant percentage of Jewish people keep themselves engaged in supernatural books and rituals.  Since the government provides them with the basic necessities of life, they do no work. These ‘deep’ players of virtual reality game report higher levels of life-satisfaction than any other section of Israeli society. Even in

global surveys of life satisfaction, Israel beats most other countries. That’s universal basic income in action!

…………………………………………

Virtual reality games are more meaningful than work. Work is the means, virtual engazment is the goal!

…………………………………………

Our species is destined to playing  various virtual reality games  like supernaturalism, socialism, democracy, liberalism, consumerism, etc.

………………………………..

……………………………………..

In an entropically dying universe, our most sacred duty is to figure out how to get out of this self-destructive trap and to spread ourselves into (naturally/artificiality born)  newer and newer universes if possible. This is feasible only in a world of maximum knowledge and maximum love.

……………………………………..

Whenever we assume something that exists in reality, we actually presume  a

map/meme/ model of reality. Since all ‘models’ are wrong by definition, we should be ashamed to be fundamentalist!

……………………………………..

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