Atoms become plants and people!

…………………………………………

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..…………………………………………

 

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Schrödinger had intelligently speculated that life’s  information must be encoded in the specific arrangement of atoms in some  giant molecule, before Crick and Watson discovered DNA with four molecular alphabets( A, C, T and G) whose sequences encode life’s data.

……………………………………..

 

By a mathematical procedure scientists de-code  DNA i.e. learn the language of life.

 

……………………………………..

 

The molecular instructions encoded into DNA and the associated read-out and translation machinery resemble the operating system in a computer.

 

……………………………………..

Since  information is the reduction in uncertainty(head/tail) about the result of an observation (coin toss), quantum uncertainty inherent in quantum mechanics ( and not the result of human ignorance) might be the basic constituent  of nature. Such quantum uncertainty in its dualistic form of ‘information-processing’ might have spontaneously initiated both universe and life. It might be the most unsurprising fact of our existence!

 

……………………………………..

 

……………………………………..

Life is not a merely entropic phenomenon. The modules in the ‘wiring diagram’ of gene networks carry out complex computations in living cells to give us survival advantage in an unpredictable and fluctuating environment.  Signals are exchanged between cells, organisms and even ecosystems. Earth’s biosphere is actually a living World Wide Web of chemical network that stores digital information to serve its quantum purpose only at the level of  large organic molecules!

 

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

DNA is life’s hard drive. So life is an operating system. Organs are  default plugins with particular algorithms. The analogy actually goes far deeper since quantum uncertainty in its dualistic form of  ‘information-processing’ might have spontaneously initiated both universe and life. It might be the most unsurprising fact of our existence!

……………………………………..

Aristotle, the great categoriser, distinguished life from non-life mainly by the tendency of living things to be drawn towards a future goal.

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Since particles of matter follow physics not goals, the inner drive of organisms is not fundamental but  emergent from evolutionarily demanding arrangement of matter.

……………………………………..

 

Since particles of matter follow physics not goals, the inner drive of organisms demands a top-down explanation.

……………………………………..

Darwin knew that his theory of evolution explains how life got diverse  and not how it started in the first place. So he named his book ‘The Origin of Species’ instead of  “The Origin of Life.” 

……………………………………..

We still need a new Darwin to write “The Origin of Life” or “The Origin of Matter”.

……………………………………..

“One might as well speculate on the origin of matter.”

-Charles Darwin

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…………………………………………

Though viruses are biological entities, they are not organisms in the same sense that eukaryotes, archaeans, and bacteria are.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Some microbes relies on the radioactive decay of uranium to survive.
…………………………………………
Life might never have appeared on our planet without meteorites rich in rare elements like phosphorus.
…………………………………………

Chemolithotroph (self-growth by using rocks as an energy source through oxidation) in its subtlest form is called ‘life’.
…………………………………………

We  still don’t know what life is or how it began. 

……………………………………..

 

Since living organisms are made of normal matter, scientists are in the hunt for the missing link between matter and life.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

Schrödinger’s (quantum physicist) book “What Is Life?” with the subtitle “The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell” shows how fundamental laws in physics can explain the basic processes and properties of life.

……………………………………..

 

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Anything ‘infected’ with an innate purpose not merely exists but lives. Life is an infectious purpose.

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‘Life’ is synonymous with ‘purpose’. Grand purpose represents grand life.

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Single-cell microbe, Metallosphaera sedula (M. sedula), can thrive on meteorites.

…………………………………………


Organisms that consume inorganic(non-carbon) compounds for energy are called chemolithotrophs.

…………………………………………

Single-cell chemolithotrophs

(Metallosphaera sedula)  thriving on meteorites shows how exotic

chemistry can  facilitate the emergence of life in our universe. The fact is in line with both hydrothermal vent theory (that hadean redox-reaction has zigzagged into life) and panspermia (that life arrived on Earth from space) theory.

…………………………………………

Most astrobiologists  accept submarine hydrothermal vents as ‘the birthplace of  life itself’.

…………………………………………

Since protoplanetary disks can form around supermassive black holes in the nuclei of galaxies, thousands of planets can orbit around a black hole from 10 light-years away over several hundred million years.

…………………………………………

Extraterrestrial sugar found in space rocks implies that meteorites (small solid extraterrestrial bodies hitting the earth’s atmosphere) may have led to origin of life on Earth.

…………………………………………

Chemical reactions in asteroids ( numerous rocky and metal small  celestial objects between Mars and Jupiter) can make some of life’s ingredients.

…………………………………………

Meteorite bombardment on ancient Earth may have supplied life’s building blocks.

…………………………………………

Main building blocks of life( amino acids for making proteins, sugars and  nucleobases for making DNA/RNA) have been found in meteorites.

…………………………………………

RNA on the prebiotic Earth might have led to the origin of life. The fragile molecule Ribose that makes RNA (ribonucleic acid) is  found in carbon-rich   meteorites. The discovery is in line with the RNA world hypothesis.

…………………………………………

In modern organisms, RNA  ( a messenger molecule) copies  instructions from the DNA molecule and delivers them to molecular factories ( ribosomes) that read the RNA to build proteins.

…………………………………………

“It was a strange battle

where death and life struggled.

Life won the victory,

it has swallowed up death

Scripture has proclaimed

how one death ate the other,

death has become a mockery.”

-Martin Luther

…………………………………………

Saturn’s moon Enceladus has the same organic molecules that took on ‘life’  on earth.

……………………………………..

Saturn’s moon Enceladus has some kind of organic molecules which can play the role of precursor molecule of life.

……………………………………..

 

Saturn’s moon Enceladus  is the most reflective heavenly body in our solar system due to  it’s clean icy surface.

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Amino acids are the building blocks of life. According to Cassini’ last data, the ingredients of amino acids ( nitrogen- and oxygen-bearing organic compounds ) are abundant in the warm depths of Enceladus’ ocean’. Enceladus is one of those celestial bodies near us where the probability of finding life-like-chemical pathways is high.

 

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……………………………………..
Richard Dawkins’ “The Selfish Gene” algorithmechanically and Nick Lane’s “POWER, SEX, SUICIDE-
Mitochondria and the Meaning of Life” energetically (pun intended) back up Darwin’s theory of evolution.

……………………………………..

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Life’s a romance between energy and information.

…………………………………………

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Life is more Darwinian drudgery than cosmic existence.

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Life ,as a  local Darwinian cycle, is a precarious pathway off a global entropic cycle.

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Life is a lottery where the jackpot ITSELF leaves no adaptive stone unturned to reach (or build?) us.

…………………………………………

Even a stone treats ( or feels?) itself as a dynamic structure just as a so-called living body. To a stone, a man appears to be more a thing than a process.

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Like everything else, life is both energy and information.

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Life’s an evolving feedback loop

…………………………………………
A chemical feedback system has evolved into ‘life’.
…………………………………………

Life’s an inner expansion

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“The atoms of our bodies are traceable to stars that manufactured them in their cores and exploded these enriched ingredients across our galaxy, billions of years ago. For this reason, we are biologically connected to every other living thing in the world. We are chemically connected to all molecules on Earth. And we are atomically connected to all atoms in the universe. We are not figuratively, but literally stardust.”
– Neil deGrasse Tyson

…………………………………………
A black hole is the collapse of the LOCAL space-time due to extreme gravity due to a huge amount of mass.

…………………………………………

Black holes expand in, not out. Such inner expansion increases inner complexity.
…………………………………………

Structures like strings,quarks, atoms, molecules or living organisms might be the result of a sort of inner complexity or disguised cosmic growth.

…………………………………………

When we download a movie onto our smart phone, it gets ‘expanded’ on the inside.

…………………………………………

When we add data to a hard drive, it gets ‘computationally’ bigger.

…………………………………………

DNA works like a ‘fragile hard drive’ storing information about a local spatio-temporal growth or changes. Perhaps the spontaneous processing of these very data is enjoyed as ‘life’ by ‘contingent containers’ like us.

…………………………………………

“Literally the stuff of which we’re made came from the deep interior of stars that exploded, and we evolved by the very same laws and rules that the rest of the universe evolves by.” – Brian Greene

…………………………………………

“I think it’s a very, very interesting question whether the cosmological growth of space is connected to the growth of some kind of complexity and whether the cosmic clock, the evolution of the universe, is connected with the evolution of complexity. There, I don’t know the answer.”
-Susskind

…………………………………………

A photon is not a thing but a wave or signal or information or change in electromagnetic field. Such a change can be viewed as either particle(photon) or wave(light).

…………………………………………

Black holes (i.e. dense masses) so tightly squeeze space-time locality that even information ( i.e. light ) loses its escape velocity and gets trapped………………………………………….

In general relativity, space and time together behave like a smooth rubber sheet. The mass of a heavy object dimples the geometry of spacetime.
…………………………………………

Biological evolution explains diversification of plants and animals by variation and natural selection. The origin of life is still UNKNOWN. Perhaps life started as a chemical system.

Cosmological evolution explains the formation of galaxies, stars or planets by an expanding big bang model of our universe. The origin of the universe is still UNKNOWN. Perhaps our universe started as a quantum system.
……………………………………..

“ Respond to every call that excites your spirit. ”
― Rumi

……………………………………..

“Humanity as an abstract doesn’t exist; humanity is the human being.”
Eckhart Tolle
…………………………………………
“You are not IN the universe, you ARE the universe, an intrinsic part of it. Ultimately you are not a person, but a focal point where the universe is becoming conscious of itself. What an amazing miracle!”

Eckhart Tolle

…………………………………………

“On a deeper level you are already complete. When you realize that, there is a joyous energy behind what you do.”
Eckhart Tolle

…………………………………………
“The Truth is far more powerful than any weapon of mass destruction.”

  • Gandhi
    ……………………………………..
    ……………………………………..
    “Life is an adventure, it’s not a package tour.” ~ Eckhart Tolle

……………………………………..

“Most people treat the present moment as if it were an obstacle that they need to overcome. Since the present moment is life itself, it is an insane way to live.”

Eckhart Tolle

…………………………………………

“Time isn’t precious at all, because it is an illusion.”

Eckhart Tolle

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

 

According to Richard Dawkins’  famous book “The Selfish Gene”(1976), neither species nor individual beings play  central role in evolution. Living things serve as  useful “packages” for genes’ survival in harsh enviromrnt.

 

…………………………………………

 

According to Richard Dawkins’  famous book “The Selfish Gene”(1976), life on this planet emerged as the byproduct of multiplying replicators’(DNA molecules) survival  in more and more

precariously effective ways.

 

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……………………………………..

 

Life is the enterprise to explore the vistas of  existence (something projected but still embedded in abstract reality).

……………………………………..

 

…………………………………………

“The simplest meaning of life, then, is joy– the exhilaration of experience itself, of physical well-being; sheer satisfaction of muscle and sense, of palate and ear and eye. Even if life had no meaning except for its moments of beauty, that would be
enough.”

-Will Durant

…………………………………………

“Where is the Life we have lost in living?”

-T. S. Elliot

 

…………………………………………

“To follow knowledge like a sinking star, Beyond the utmost bound of human thought.”
-Alfred Tennyson

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
“I’ll drink life to the lees.”
-Alfred Tennyson

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

The formation of the first replicator seems less improbable in metabolism‐first (monomer-rich) theories explaining life’s origin.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

Life may have begun with the spontaneous formation of a replicating organic polymer(perhaps RNA) within an unorganized chemical mixture.The very first template may have emerged as an information‐bearing homopolymer.

……………………………………..

…………………………………………
Meaning and matter are apparently alienated aspects of reality.

…………………………………………

Only Darwinian evolution by natural selection unites ‘matter’ with ‘meaning’ since the latter arises from the former.

…………………………………………
Only Darwinian evolution by natural selection unites ‘matter’ with ‘life’ since the former evolved into the latter.

…………………………………………
Only Darwinian evolution by natural selection unites ‘matter’ with ‘mind’ since the latter arises from the former.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
“Judging whether life is or is not worth living amounts to answering the fundamental question of philosophy. All the rest – whether or not the world has three dimensions, whether the mind has nine or twelve categories – comes afterwards. These are games; one must first answer.”

-Albert Camus

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

“The atoms of our bodies are traceable to stars that manufactured them in their cores and exploded these enriched ingredients across our galaxy, billions of years ago. For this reason, we are biologically connected to every other living thing in the world. We are chemically connected to all molecules on Earth. And we are atomically connected to all atoms in the universe. We are not figuratively, but literally stardust.”
– Neil deGrasse Tyson

 

…………………………………………
A black hole is the  collapse of the LOCAL space-time due to extreme gravity due to a huge amount of mass.

 

…………………………………………

Black holes expand in, not out. Such inner expansion increases inner complexity.
…………………………………………

 

Structures like strings,quarks, atoms, molecules or living organisms might be the result of a sort of inner complexity or disguised cosmic  growth.

…………………………………………

When we download a movie onto our smart phone, it gets ‘expanded’ on the inside.

…………………………………………

When we add data to a hard drive, it gets ‘computationally’ bigger.

…………………………………………

DNA works like a ‘fragile hard drive’ storing information about a local spatio-temporal   growth or changes. Perhaps the spontaneous processing of these very data is enjoyed as ‘life’ by ‘contingent containers’ like us.

 

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

When available molecular materials were churned with available free energy, numerous forms or patterns came into being. Life belongs to those numerous forms or dynamic patterns.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Metabolism had been mere algorithm ( blind information processing) before nucleic acid (information storage) infected and manipulated it. Not information processing but information storage initiated the origin of life.
—————————————–

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
—————————————–

The origin of life is still shrouded in mystery because of many differing models.

—————————————–

Since many lineages of organisms have gone extinct, molecular machinery of life at its origin might not be present in extant organisms. But to empirically solve the mystery of the origin of life, we have to depend on the continuity of biology.

—————————————–

Hadean =of pre-geological times  represented by hellish and molten earth during the formation of the solar system. Hades is the Greek god of the underworld.

—————————————–
—————————————–
The panic of certainty(HUP) gradually creates more and more complex scenarios like fields, quarks, atoms, molecules,stars, planets, blackholes,universes , organisms, memes, civilizations and so on. Simpler states are used as default locals.
—————————————–
In automata theory, simple algorithmic steps produce gradually emerging complexity.
—————————————–
—————————————–

When intermolecular arrangemental information manipulates the dynamics of the host molecules, chemistry becomes life.
—————————————–

Life is a digitally algorithmic takeover.
—————————————–
Chemical reactions process analog information (actual molecules) algorithmically, by the influence of weird arrangement of molecules in DNA or digital(sorry, deoxyribo) nucleic acid.
—————————————–
Life is the manipulation of molecular dynamics by molecular information.
—————————————–

A digital algorithmic system began to control metabolism i.e. “analog” life.
—————————————–

Feedback from the environment  changes algorithmic rules  over time.
—————————————–
Evolving complexity is the inevitable byproduct of algorithms, digital information and environmental feedbacks .
—————————————–
Black-boxing is like putting a box around a neuron to measure the box’s overall inputs and outputs, instead of its inner workings. It is  a way of measuring  causal emergence in a single neuron that isn’t amenable to coarse-graining of its component atoms. Black-boxing measurement is used in  biological and engineering systems.
—————————————–
—————————————–
Life began when algorithms took control.
—————————————–
Various nonliving molecules  accumulated and initiated metabolism, reproduction and eventually evolution.
—————————————–
Among structural, informational and chemical roles, informational role transformed nonliving molecular chemistry into life.
—————————————–
Not information processing but information storage initiated the origin of life.
—————————————–
Metabolism was mere algorithm (information processing) before nucleic acid (information storage) infected it.
—————————————–
Just like an algorithmic computer program, metabolic chemical reactions “process” input information into output products.
—————————————–
Life began when stored information controlled chemical reactions.
—————————————–
Life began when information manipulated the matter.
—————————————–
Life is information’s control over the matter containing it.
—————————————–
Life is context-dependent causation.
People would rather suffer than commit suicide, provided they are chosen as the hosts of memes( like love for dear ones to tie to or a talent to be used or  a memory worth cherishing) .

—————————————–

Duality is the best cognitive tool to explain organism  (hydrothermal gene colonising earth ) and free will(savanna meme colonising multiverse ).

—————————————–

Metal- carbon dioxide (CO2) reaction on the early Earth is a sort of duality for microbial CO2 use (Either CO2 itself or more reactive carbon-based molecules such as hydrogen cyanide or formaldehyde).

—————————————–
—————————————–
Atom’s orbital electrons power both industrial (non living) and cellular(living) factories.
—————————————–
Even living cells are powered by electrons.
—————————————–
Living cells are powered by electrons from food .
—————————————–
Most cells use electrons from food for a living , but some bacteria live on pure electricity.
—————————————–
—————————————–
Life is actually a circuit with a source(food) and a dump(oxygen) for electrons.
—————————————–
Cherishing a single unjust belief means to give licence to many other unjust beliefs and behaviours enough to ruin one’s life.
—————————————–
Life is to use water as electron donor.
—————————————–
All organisms, from a bacterium to a blue whale, need a source of electrons, and a place to dump them.
—————————————–
—————————————–
—————————————–
When a battery’s chemicals are converted into other substances, ions (atoms with too few or too many electrons) are attracted by two dissimilar (donor and acceptor of electrons) metals , but electrons march from one metal to the other through the outer circuit, powering a light bulb.
—————————————–
Life refers fundamentally to some physical processes (typical of a hadean planet) extant in the form of many symbiotic groups.
Such processes include electricity (oxidation – reduction), natural selection (stabilisation), replication (molecular bonding and splitting),
information processing (environmental feedback), etc.
—————————————–

Electricity-eating bacteria nearest to the electrode grow biological wires to supply electricity to other microbes.
—————————————–
To remain alive, organisms harness energy in the form of electrons.
—————————————–
By enzymes the electrons from sugar are released to join oxygen releasing kinetic energy.
—————————————–
Organisms living in low-oxygen environments ‘breathe’ in iron, sulphur or even hydrogen (HIS ).
—————————————–
Geobacter metallireducens get their electrons from organic compounds, and pass them onto iron oxides.
—————————————–
Geobacter bacteria live on energy sources unavailable to other lifeforms.
—————————————–
In future, microbial fuel cells of seaweed, urine or sewage can power our smartphones.
—————————————–
Shewanella oneidensis can “eat” electrons directly from minerals and rocks.
—————————————–
Some bacteria take their electrons directly from iron and sulphur in the seabed.
—————————————–
Electron-eating and electron-excreting microbes pass electrons between each other.
—————————————–
—————————————–
Seabed-microbes get electrons from dead algae and animals and supply methane directly and electrons via wires to archaea. The archaea feed on electrons from methane, oxidising the gas to generate carbonate.They then pass the electrons on to their partner bacteria along the nanowires, which act like power cables. Finally the bacteria deposit the electrons onto sulphate, producing energy that the cell can use in the process.
—————————————–
Electronic cooperation may have evolved in the low-oxygen past . The first bacterium takes electrons from sulphide and passes them on to the next cell, and so on until the final bacterium can dump the electrons onto oxygen.
—————————————–
—————————————–
In the human gut chains of magnetite can form, bridging the gap between the electron-donating and the electron-accepting bacteria.
—————————————–
At the bottom of the ocean or deep underground, there is not enough energy for an organism to evolve. They just exist in their primordial forms .
—————————————–
‘Oxidation-reduction’ is a dualism for ‘growth’. Nature is an office without departmental branches. Biology =Physics.
—————————————–
—————————————–
Astrobiologists need just an electrode to look for evidence of extraterrestrial life.
—————————————–
—————————————–
Many of primitive lifeforms – such as bacteria and archaea – are still thriving without oxygen.
—————————————–
Life exploded when oxygen became available in the atmosphere and ocean. Oxygen is more efficient for the production of energy.
—————————————–
Inside mitochondria, nutrients and oxygen generate ATP, the economical energy storage . Bacteria and archaea lack complexity because they lack the mitochondria.
—————————————–
Some primitive bacteria could use protons instead of oxygen as their electron dump.
—————————————–
EVERY  scientific fact works like a filter for human thoughts, behaviours, priorities and responsibilities.
—————————————–
A scientific fact lightens the burden of  unnecessary concerns.
EVERY  scientific fact updates us.
—————————————–
—————————————–

We don’t need to remember that we’re made of proteins, haemoglobin , blood and chemicals to enjoy the daily life. But the knowledge makes us prefer a hospital to a temple for a snakebitten patient . Likewise, the knowledge of the ultimate ingredients of the Universe provides us with better models to predict events, invent new  technologies, behave logically and escape any dinosaur-like-extinction .
—————————————–

—————————————–

All reactions which involve electron flow are known as oxidation-reduction reactions (or redox reactions).
—————————————–
The flow of electrons provides energy to about 39 trillion bacterial cells living among 30 trillion human cells.
—————————————–
We have a higher concentration of bacteria in our guts than in other body parts.
—————————————–
—————————————–
200 different types of human cells include red blood cells (erythrocytes), skin cells, neurons (nerve cells), fat cells,etc.
—————————————–
Cells in the brain are longer in shape to transmit signals.
—————————————–
Cells of the heart have more mitochondria because they need a lot of energy.
—————————————–
There are three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
—————————————–
25 trillion Red blood cells (RBCs) are over 80 percent of all cells.
—————————————–
Women have fewer RBCs than men.
—————————————–
People living at higher altitudes have more RBCs .
—————————————–
RBCs live for about 120 days.
Cells in the brain stay alive throughout a person’s life.
—————————————–
—————————————–
Mature red blood cells host hemoglobin and so have no
mitochondria or other organelles.
—————————————–
Mature red blood cells have no
mitochondria and depend on anaerobic fermentation.
—————————————–
Eye’s lens fibers (sacks of clear protein)  have no mitochondria or other organelles.
—————————————–
Cancer cells can sometimes shift to anaerobic metabolism as they deregulate cell metabolism. This shift is a ‘hallmark of cancer’.
—————————————–
Muscle cells shift to anaerobic respiration ( using lactic acid as the terminal electron acceptor ) when sufficient oxygen is not available.
—————————————–
When sufficient oxygen is not available, cells don’t instantly die because of lactic acid production i. e. fermentation.
—————————————–
Lactic acid reaches a concentration high enough to stimulate pain receptors to metabolise itself .
—————————————–
Oxygen acts as the terminal electron acceptor in aerobic respiration.
—————————————–
Cellular respiration is a redox reaction to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into usable energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
—————————————–
—————————————– Glycolysis turns 6C glucose into two 3C molecules of Pyruvate to help it enter the mitochondria.
—————————————–
—————————————– Aerobic respiration requires oxygen in order to generate energy molecule ATP, where as an anaerobic respiration generate ATP with inorganic molecules other than oxygen.
—————————————–

—————————————–
For plants, the upper and lower ends of the light spectrum are the wavelengths that split water (H 2O) during photosynthesis,to release its electrons for the  reduction of carbon dioxide (CO 2) and the release of diatomic oxygen (O2 ) to the atmosphere.
—————————————–
—————————————–
Biological oxidation-reduction reactions produce large amounts of Gibbs free energy to be synthesised into the energy unit called adenosine triphosphate or ATP.
—————————————–
We exhale carbon dioxide and water.
—————————————–
Physics is all that  is, ever was or ever will be. To gain any knowledge of biological processes, we must start with redox potential of such a system. Only a redox perspective allows us to view physics as chemistry and chemistry as ‘biology’.
—————————————–
—————————————–

—————————————–
The universe is more a verb than a noun. HUP decrees ‘changes’ initially to homogeneous primordial supersymmetric omnipotent super-field and then to homogeneous quantum foam. Changes get enough time to interact with the default as well as the other changes. Similarly changing processes fall spontaneously into symbiotic groups giving rise to phylogeny.
—————————————–
—————————————–
Our identity is best revealed in a  cosmic context, through the eyes of evolution.
—————————————–
Evolution is to get a new form as the sum total of many small but gradually accumulated changes .
—————————————–
Carbohydrates, proteins,lipids and nucleic acids– are the four macromolecules to build an organism. —————————————–
…………………………………………
Since HUP distorts  homogeneity,  Supersymmetry/Nothingness > Fields > Particles > Atoms >  Molecules > Monomers >  Polymers > Organisms.
—————————————–
Proteins are polymers of multiple monomer units called amino acid.
…………………………………………

22 major amino acids, along with hundreds of other minor amino acids, keep up the hardware for life  on earth.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Everything should be looked at with an evolutionary perspective.
…………………………………………
The Hadean eon
represents the molten Earth.
Archean eon represents bacteria and archaea.
The Proterozoic eon represents oxygen in atmosphere.
Phanerozoic eon represents
human.
…………………………………………
To investigate life’s origin, physics must be tallied with phylogenics.
…………………………………………
First organic molecule in the known universe?
…………………………………………

Amino acids are one of the first organic molecules to appear on Earth.
…………………………………………
Organisms need to synthesize most of the Amino acids ,the main ingredients for cellular metabolism.
…………………………………………
More than five hundred amino acids are in nature, but only twenty-two build proteins i.e. organisms.
…………………………………………
The mystery shrouding ‘life’ can be reduced by recognizing it just as a chaotic ( accidental but naturally selected) coupling of  redundant redox reactions,protonation ,thermodynamics, entropy ,crystalization,fractal formation and information processing typical of a hadean planet.

…………………………………………
Amino acids are all in one .They function as building blocks of proteins,
energy metabolites, nutrients and even chemical messengers.
…………………………………………

Amino acids all have a common foundation or “backbone” held together by  carbon atoms. An extra sidechain of atoms is different for every amino acid.
…………………………………………
“Amino acid space”, the set of plausible amino acids that could have been used , explains ‘why just 22’.
…………………………………………
Amino acids with a single carbon connector are called alpha amino acids. If more than one , they are called beta amino acids and so on.
…………………………………………
Amino acids can be produced abiotically in meteorites and interstellar medium.
…………………………………………

Isomers are variations of each amino acid by shuffling the atoms around.  Thus a definite molecular formula generating many different chemical structures gives  an “isomer space”.
…………………………………………
This isomer space depends on how many atoms there are in the acid.
…………………………………………
The Murchison meteorite has at least 75 amino acids in it.
…………………………………………
The amino acid space is beyond the isomers.
…………………………………………

Hadean earth had simple chemicals. Gradually they became amino acids , proteins , cells and organisms-one turning into the next.
…………………………………………
Only a redox perspective allows us to view life as ‘energy transfer ‘ or’ electricity’.
—————————————–
To really tackle the ecological precariousness, we should discover our ‘selves’ or ‘agents’ within phylogenic physics.
—————————————–
—————————————–
—————————————–
Electron flow from food to oxygen fills proton dam to  push or pull cellular molecules whenever needed to perform tasks collectively called ‘life’. Just like our home, evolved organisms depend on a safe circuit called ‘digestive system’.
—————————————–

—————————————–
Life is one of the chances of releasing energy stored in field excitations out of symmetry breaking later coupled with phylogenic stresses dubbed as pain, pleasure or meme.
—————————————–

…………………………………………
Life is an angst.
Life is the stream of angst and joy.
Life is the stream of consciousness.
…………………………………………
Life is a thermodynamically open system with inputs and outputs.
…………………………………………

Cell is  an ‘umbrella term’ for metabolism,growth and procreation.

…………………………………………
Nucleic acid is a storage system for environmental stresses with digital cogs or algorithmic programmes in the form of molecular pattern-change affecting future interaction with the environment.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
…………………………………………
If there is a probability of exactly 1 that life should emerge somewhere in a million billion chances (planets), we must find ourselves on that one.
…………………………………………
In an almost infinite universe there is always a probability of life emerging on at least few planets, and we must find ourselves on one of them.
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Even if our scientists succeed in creating ‘life’ from abiotic molecules it will merely indicate that such things are possible.It might not be how life actually emerges in the universe .
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“The secrets of evolution are death and time. The deaths of enormous numbers of lifeforms that were imperfectly adapted to the environment; and time for a long succession of small mutations that were by accident adaptive; time for the slow accumulation of patterns of favorable mutations.”
– Carl Sagan
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The Sun has a limited fuel reserve.
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We are the product of  4.5 billion years of evolution on Earth but 13.7 billion years of evolution in the universe.
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An eternal context  has given  birth to physical universe, stars,planets, plants, animals and other ephemerals.
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During the origin of life, the earth would rotate so speedily that  just a quarter of 24hrs was enough to make a day.The speed of the hadean planet churned the seething undersea chemical cauldron to cook ‘life’.
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During the origin of life, the earth was all water, except a few volcanic islands.
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During the origin of life in the seething undersea chemical cauldron, the moon was closer and bigger but  the sunlight was weak due to orange (CH4) smog and water vapour.
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‘Sea’ is a far better name than ‘Earth’ for our planet.
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Without a space suite, eyes bulge and burst on airless Mars.
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Oceans cover three-fourths of our planet.
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From space,the earth is  all water.
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During the origin of life, underground magma made the undersea crust  riddled with cracks.
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The geological restlessness of the hadean earth evolved into ‘life’, a chemical restlessness in a new package.
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Individual immortality is bound to hamper variation , adaptability , natural selection , evolution and emergence of higher intelligence – biological as well as artificial.
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Individual immortalists might hamper the development of higher levels of evolution.
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Nature must be wasteful to discover what we call ‘life’.
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99.9 % of species are now disappeared. So we must take care of our own species.We must embrace science as the saviour.
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The hierarchy of physical processes serves as  scaffolding for next level evolution.
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In biological evolution, every generation serves as scaffolding to update the default status for the next generation.
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“Believing as I do that man in the distant future will be a far more perfect creature than he now is, it is an intolerable thought that he and all other sentient beings are doomed to complete annihilation after such long-continued slow progress. What can we do? What if we challenge the assumption of intelligence having no influence on the future? What if life and intelligence could have influence on the future of the cosmos?”
-Darwin’s reaction to the heat death of the universe.
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“Intelligent information- processing must come into existence in the Universe, and, once it comes into existence, it will never die out.” -Barrow and Tipler
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“Reproduction is not something that belongs to living organisms by some miraculous linkage, but is simply a specialized means of adaptation of a specialized class of disturbances”.
-Ashby
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‘Life’ is the old-fashioned name for ‘adaptability’.Reproduction proved to be far more evolutionarily economical than immortality to maintain ADAPTABILITY.
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Unchangable rules of Mathematics and Geometry represent our strongly grounded physical existence, not vulnerable to any malicious will or ‘abracadabra’.

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None can make us vanish by uttering ‘abracadabra’ for the same reason that no magic can make two straight lines of the same plane  intersect in more than a single point.
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The emergence of life is enigmatic because the mystery lies in  smelling  a general trend out of just one example.
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Either as a thermodynamically open system or as a data cruncher, there is no need for a living system to die, as long as it can draw and dump electrons as input and output.
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A bristlecone pine tree has been living among us for more than four thousand years.
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The jellyfish can reverse its life cycle to have an indefinite lifespan.
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Physical processes appear to be  the loose ends of coloured threads weaving the tapestry of reality.Since a single cord is enough to be tangled,   physical processes tend to tangle into complex and hotchpotch like things like ‘cosmos’, ‘life’ or ‘consciousness’. Life is such a tangled tuft of coloured cords.
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Our survival-mechanical crave for a miraculous existential status  of ‘life’, can’t change the indifferent physics-abiding  ‘nature’ of ‘natural life’, just like a stone or a liquid.
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In ice, every hydrogen atom is involved in hydrogen bond.
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Physics and mathematics are weird enough to invent ‘universe’,  ‘life’ or any such mindblowing ‘things’.
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Plants  get electrons from water .Animals  get electrons from sugar. Live electronic circuit makes and maintains proton dam in both. Life’s turbine is run by leaking protons.

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Quantum mechanics might be an inherent characteristic of life.
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There might be a quantum origin of life.
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Three main philosophical views on the nature of life are ( 1)reductive physicalism , (2) systemic emergentism through the merging of geothermal energetics, electron gradient, proton gradient,  metabolism , replication and many such ‘mere’ abiotic processes and (3) quantum algorithm  increasing the eternal  probabilities of existence of auto replicative structures.
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Transcription, translation or mutations in DNA can be interpreted as the quantum noise processes.
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Bizarre quantum effects can be utilized in biotechnology. There are even quantum mechanical models of aging,  tumors, cancer or  intracellular dynamics.
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Quantum mechanics can explain  coherent transport of electron excitation over a short period of time during photosynthesis.
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The very concept of “fact”—a discrete, isolated, indifferent statement, free from emotional and social contexts—is a social construct of the 16th century science.

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There are molecular mechanisms for generating transmembrane proton gradients in modern cells.
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‘A machine’ is schematically designed to perform  elementary physical processes to achieve a funtional purpose.
A totality of  symbiotically coupled  elementary physical processes having some functional channels strengthened by natural selection and environmental feedbacks, is adorably called ‘a living body’.
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Energy centric origin of life (Nick Lane’s proton gradient) is more  fundamental than gene centric ( Richard Dawkins’ replicating molecules).
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Circumstantial stresses forced a spatio-temporal stream of  a proton gradient to adapt to the primitive ocean spinning the grandest  yarn. The grandest yarn is officially called ‘life’.
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To define ‘life’, it is not enough to discover how earthly life started accidentally. It requires a general rule governing the emergence of any life anywhere. Perhaps any life anywhere  emerges as an  internal proton flow  sustained by an external electron flow. Both might be independently  kickstarted by something else and then get coupled with each other.Electrons and protons are spatio temporally available .
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A sort of oceanic filtering evolved into life.

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Life is a complex electrochemical filtering. Even a trivial rock filtering seawater is associated with the meaning of life.

…………………………………………
Filtering>Chemical gradient>Electrical gradient>Growth>Splitting>Replication>Life.

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‘The self’ materialized on the hadean earth using no more than rocks, water and carbon dioxide. Most energy flux available in the form of electrochemical  gradient must have simply dissipated without use as enzymes that economically catalyse very specific reactions were yet to evolve.
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Any grand theory explains a lot about the world.
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The role that energy plays in all living things can explain why life is the way it is.
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To define ‘life’, it is necessary to understand the role of energetic electrons.
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Life is one of the electronic circuits known as ‘redox reactions’  in the known universe.
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All complex life shares a common ancestor, gets old and reproduces via sex. Perhaps such common traits arise from the evolutionary expansion / spontaneous distribution of the planetary energy.
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‘Life’ is just an ‘evolved disguise’ of the proton gradient in hydrothermal vents sending bitter alkaline fluid from the Earth’s crust  to acidic seawater.
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‘Life’ is an evolutionary perpetuation of geothermal proton gradient.
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To colonize early Earth’s oceans, the  primordial life-forms left deep-sea vents only when the battery of life(proton gradient ) evolved enough to be recharged by an alternative ‘alkaline fluid’  (electron-donor).
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Membrane is not a mere protecting shelter for life. Life  itself nucleated around membrane in the form of proton gradient.Proton gradient represents the earliest ‘life’. Membrane represents the earliest body.

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“Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.” – John 8:32

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The porous hydrothermal vents — where alkaline seawater spews from cracks in the ocean crust — creates a proton dam. When this ‘battery’ like proton gradient falls  prey to spatiotemporal splitting, a new name called ‘LIFE’ is attributed to it.

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“The collective system is alive. Its parts are just chemicals.”

  • Kauffman

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Evolution is the gradual accumulation of ‘very little changes’ over a long period of time. As a result, the transformed thing looks like a totally different one without any relation to its initial form. Thus, fish became ape. Ape became man. Some past ancestor of fish obviously evolved from some simple chemical or molecular systems claiming no ‘living’ status.

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Life is, fundamentally not merely, a chemical reaction.
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For life to have emerged from CO₂, rocks, and water on the early Earth, a sustained source of chemically transducible energy was essential.
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Medical sciences have  discovered  many physical and chemical processes in our body. Our so-called ‘life’ might just be a symbiotic survival  of such ‘indifferent’ processes.

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“We do not ‘come into’ this world: we come out of it, as leaves from a tree. As the ocean ‘waves’, the universe ‘peoples’.”

— Alan Watts
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Natural  events individually happen only once. Perhaps we shouldn’t ascribe any ‘extra’ precariousness to the emergence of life.
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Natural  events individually happen only once. Such infinitely varied natural events naturally include ‘life’, a real phenomenon but an imaginary term.
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Life might require more than a ‘Goldilocks Zone’ – a planet at a convenient distance from a suitable star.
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‘Goldilocks Zone’ is the place in a stellar system where the temperature is just right – neither too hot nor too cold – for liquid water to exist on a planet.

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Life might require a large moon.
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Life might require a planet with a rocky mantle along with a moving molten core producing a magnetic field to block deadly cosmic radiation.
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Life might require a bizarre and rare  biochemical reaction.

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Natural  events individually happen only once. Emergence of life might not be more precarious than all other events in nature.
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Perhaps life happened only once on Earth since all life is the same at the molecular level.
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Perhaps earthly life has one common ancestor  since all life is the same at the molecular level.
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Drake Equation crunches the numbers of   input variables to calculate the probability of alien life. The absolute number of minimum variables is still undecided.

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Wwe

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A sort of ‘free energy’ evolved into ‘life’.

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Biological evolution was preceded by chemical evolution. The first polymeric molecules capable of storing information and reproducing themselves were randomly assembled from prebiotic molecules. The most efficient replicators evolved into informational nucleic acids – the basis for all forms of life on our planet.

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Even simple chemical reaction pathways could have given rise to DNA subunits on the early Earth.
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Life began on Earth when simple molecules in the early environment became complexified by the input of ambient energy.
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Life is the most wonderful phenomenon.

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“Nothing is too wonderful to be true, if it be consistent with the laws of nature.”
-Michael Faraday

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“The human race is just a chemical scum on a moderate-sized planet orbiting round a very average star in the outer suburb of one among a hundred billion galaxies.”
Stephen Hawking
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LIFE, not only initially but also fundamentally, might be a leaking of protons from an internal dam sustained by an external electron flow.


Proton leaking is the backbone process of life.

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Life is  too unstructured to have any  literary meaning. It is a SORT  of symbiotic survival of metabolic, genetic and memetic contingencies.
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Life is the survival of terror. The terror of death  makes life LIFE, an intensely joyful experience.
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Life is not the whole story, just a part of the grandest one.
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“Every block of stone has a statue inside it and it is the task of the sculptor to discover it. ” ― Michelangelo
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‘Life’ is a tangled tuft of almost invisible threads of physical processes. …………………………………………
‘Life’ doesn’t originate following any single prescribed recipe. It is merely an instant hotchpotch of default physical processes.
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A theory of biological evolution should explain the origin and function of life on any astronomical body from an abiotic beginning.
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The classic definition of life involves seven key characteristics: reproduction, a cellular basis, growth and development, biological evolution, regulation, response and metabolism .
Viruses are excluded as non-cellular and non-metabolic, while mules could equally be excluded as non-reproductive.
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Erwin Schrödinger defined life as that which resists decaying to disorder and to equilibrium.
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“Life is one member of the class of phenomena which are open or continuous reaction systems able to decrease their entropy at the expense of substances or energy taken in from the environment and subsequently rejected in a degraded form”.
Lovelock
…………………………………………
Life at some point came from non-life. This immediately challenging fact requires at least one moment of abiogenesis.
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The thermodynamic definition of life, as a subclass of systems that remain far from thermodynamic equilibrium and convert free energy to less useful energy, allows for a transition from abiotic to biotic more easily than the seven characteristics commonly used, and evades the difficulty of viruses and mules as non-organisms.
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The transition from abiotic to biotic is a gradient rather than a sharp step, moving from one sub-class to another.
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Pascal viewed that life emerged through states of partial ‘aliveness’.
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Life is merely one expression along the matter-energy continuum.
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Any discussion concerning the origin of life in a thermodynamic model need only relate to material availability, since all other considerations are outcomes of the universal laws of physics.
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Life is a thermodynamic concept.
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Biology is understandable only in the light of evolution.
The evolution of life is best understood through a thermodynamic lens.
…………………………………………
Thermodynamics determines structure, function and change at every level of organization of the biosphere.
…………………………………………
Biological diversification is the translation of ‘drive towards maximum entropy production’.
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‘Drive towards maximum entropy production’ is represented by change in protein structure and function.
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‘Drive towards maximum entropy production’ is expressed in organismal diversity.
…………………………………………
Biological evolution is a thermodynamic process by which maximum entropy production is restored.
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Biological diversification can be best understood as a diffusional process.
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“As biosystems grow and develop, they should increase their total dissipation, and develop more complex structures with more energy flow, increase their cycling activity, develop greater diversity and generate more hierarchical levels”.
Toussaint and Schneider
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“Self-acceleration results from the tendency towards ever-increasing dispersal of the energy within the ecosystem as expressed in ever-increasing diversity; increasing diversity causes an increase in the rate of energy flow”.
Johnson
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Diffusion of diversity is a journey towards an equilibrium state of maximum entropy.
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Diversification originates from the second law of thermodynamics.
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Life diffuses into a multidimensional volume.
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Ecospace is the multidimensional space within which biological diffusion occurs.
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Ecospace is the multidimensional space, wherein life can exist.
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Ecospace is determined by mass-energy interactions.
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A niche is just one point within ecospace.
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Ecospace is defined only by the potential limitations imposed by the laws of physics.
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An increase in energy flux, such as eutrophication, can lead to a decrease in ecospace.
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Ecospace is ultimately an emergent thermodynamic outcome.
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Biological systems diffuse towards a dynamic equilibrium state within ecospace.
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Diversification is a diffusional process.
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If there is a concentration gradient (i.e., available ecospace), material will move from high to low concentration regions.
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Thermodynamics provides an explanation for the direction and rate of evolution.
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Ecospace is proportional to bio-diversity.
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Each species represents a different location within ecospace.
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A thermodynamic explanation of evolution represents a “general abstract theory” championed by Moore and with the concept of consilience of Wilson.
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Boltzmann was the first to describe the struggle for existence in thermodynamic terms.
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“The general struggle for existence of animate beings is therefore not a struggle for raw materials —these, for organisms, are air, water and soil, all abundantly available—nor for energy which exists in plenty in any body in the form of heat (albeit unfortunately not transformable), but a struggle for entropy, which becomes available through the transition of energy from the hot sun to the cold earth.”

  • Boltzmann
    …………………………………………
    Thermodynamics influenced biological evolution.
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    Schrödinger proposed that biological self-organization and thermodynamics would be reconciled by the study of living systems from a non-equilibrium perspective.
    …………………………………………
    Prigogine referred to life forms as dissipative structures, and argued that early organisms evolved from non-living, far-from-equilibrium structures, increasing in complexity through increased entropy production.
    …………………………………………
    Fenchel demonstrated that the increasing complexity of life on our planet followed an increasingly dissipative path, the specific energy needs per unit biomass being higher for multi-cellular organisms than for unicellular organisms, and for homeothermic animals in comparison to poikilothermic animals.
    …………………………………………
    “In any real process, it is impossible to dissipate a set amount of energy in finite time without creating any structures in the process”.
    Ulanowicz
    …………………………………………
    Given that open systems such as ecosystems will move towards maximizing dispersal of energy, we expect biological diversity to increase towards a level representing maximum entropic production.
    …………………………………………
    Life diffuses into available energetic space (ecospace) towards a dynamic equilibrium, driven by increasing entropy within the genetic material. This dynamic equilibrium is punctured by extinction events followed by diffusion into available ecospace.
    …………………………………………
    “Darwin’s theory forms the theoretical basis of all biology”. – Baverstock and Rönkkö
    …………………………………………
    The history of evolutionary thinking began with the work of Lamarck who explained that evolution followed a path of increasing complexity determined by some vital force or fluid.
    It was Charles Darwin who set out the idea of evolution through natural selection.
    Gregor Mendel provided a mathematical foundation. The selfish gene advocated by George Williams, William Hamilton and Richard Dawkins represents neo-Darwinism.
    …………………………………………
    Just as Darwin had focused on heterogeneity between individual organisms as a basis for a mechanistic model of evolution, Boltzmann developed a mechanistic model of macroscopic phenomena focused upon molecular heterogeneity.
    …………………………………………
    Open systems interacting with the external environment in non-linear ways are stabilized in such a way as to maximize entropy production. Open systems existing in a state far from equilibrium become stabilized when entropy production is maximized and this is facilitated by the emergence of dissipative structures. Importantly, dissipative structures with access to free energy will reduce internal entropy and thus become more ordered by externalizing entropic output to the environment. Thus complexity and dissipation are, in effect, two sides of the one coin.
    …………………………………………
    “The main principles of Darwinism are applicable to all evolving systems, from elementary particles to galaxies”. -Prigogine
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    “The principle of life will hereafter be shown to be part, or a consequence, of some general law.”

-Darwin
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The principle of life is a part, or a consequence, of a general law called ‘thermodynamics’.
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Life is a braid in spacetime. One day we might discover the grand mathematics that can reveal how we look as a spacetime structure. …………………………………………

Life is a braid in spacetime. George Gamow entitled his autobiography’ My World Line’, a phrase to refer to paths through spacetime. …………………………………………
Unstable K meson has about 70 ways in which it can disintegrate into a set of lighter particles. Interactive braidings of such physical processes build amazing things like us. Such elementary processes are actually classical duality for quantum indeterminacy.
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Life is a blurred stream between classical and quantum rivers.
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LIFE, in general, might be a leaking of protons from an internal dam sustained by an external electron flow. Earthly life might be an updated version of the proton gradient in hydrothermal vents squirting bitter electron-rich alkaline fluid from the Earth’s crust  to proton-rich acidic seawater.
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Life is one of the means of  thermodynamic process. Living bodies  are the very courses of blind physical processes.
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Even as life maintains its internal order, its loss of heat to the environment allows the universe to experience an overall increase in entropy (or disorder) in accordance with the second law.
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A gene ,a small group of atoms, irreversibly resists decay by dissipating the energy while they transform.

 
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Dissipation doesn’t ensure irreversibility, but irreversibility requires dissipation.

 
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Irreversibility is  a hallmark of life.

 
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To have  irreversibility ,  a hallmark of life, a system must  absorb and dissipate heat.
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Some arrangements of atoms are  better at absorbing and spending heat than others. These arrangements are more likely to undergo an irreversible transformation.
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Looking backward at the  history of a product of a non-equilibrium process, the structure will appear to us like it has adapted to its environment.

 
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A system of atoms doesn’t try to do anything—it  just blindly, randomly, shuffles itself around. And yet, through its chemical journey from one shape to another, it self-organizes into something that looks to us like it has adapted.

 
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“Language is a labyrinth of paths.” – Wittgenstein.

 
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‘Life’ is ‘dissipative adaptation.’
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Thermodynamically, we are cooling towers for the sun.
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Darwinian natural selection is a special case  of dissipative adaptation, a dialect of a more fundamental language.

 
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‘Life’ is ‘dissipative adaptation.’
Adaptation occurs on the micro-scale, dissipation ( natural selection) occurs in the world of macroscopic self-replicators.

 
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Self-replication is a  way to consume and dissipate energy.

 
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In the language of dissipative adaptation, fitness is not optimal functionality but exceptional irreversibility.
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Life is an inevitable consequence of physics.

 
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“The origin and subsequent evolution of life follow from the fundamental laws of nature and should be as unsurprising as rocks rolling downhill.”
Jeremy England – professor of biophysics at MIT
 

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The most fundamental difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms is that the former is  much more efficient at dissipating energy as heat.
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When a group of atoms is surrounded by a heat bath (like the ocean or atmosphere), it will often gradually restructure itself in order to dissipate increasingly more energy. Thus matter acquires  the key physical attribute associated with life.
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The thermodynamical law of increasing entropy  bridges physics and biology.

 
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Hot things cool down, gas diffuses through air, eggs scramble but never spontaneously unscramble; in short, energy tends to disperse or spread out with / begetting time.

 
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Drops of different colours in  water initially remain as separate dots far apart, but over time, the colors spread out, mix, and in the end, there’s just one single color. That’s the universe; the dots, in this case, can be pockets of biological life.
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Biology arises because, in certain environments – like on planets – where the energy balance is so out of whack, physics guarantees that atoms rearrange themselves to be able to deal with the chaotic flow of energy. These atomic structures just happen to resemble what we refer to as “life”.
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“You start with a random clump of atoms, and if you shine light on it for long enough, it should not be so surprising that you get a plant.”
Jeremy England
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Trees don’t ungrow because life can’t transcend the laws of thermodynamics.
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From the perspective of a physicist, life isn’t different from non-life in any fundamental sense. Rocks and people, cities and jungles, are all just collections of matter that move and change shape over time while exchanging energy with their surroundings.

 
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No equation will ever  leap off the page to make something live and breathe.

 
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Many  separate behaviours distinguish living things. Each of these behaviours is  too limited not to conceive of a non-living thing that accomplishes the same task.
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Fire is  a primitive self-replicator that ‘copies’ itself by spreading.

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In Jeremy England’s  “dissipative adaptation,” complex, life-like function can self-organize and emerge from simpler inanimate matter.
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Jeremy England is  called the next Charles Darwin.
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Life’s  functions are accomplished by molecules.
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Molecules are inanimate, and their only ‘function’ is to spin and vibrate. Natural selection sewed such ‘blind functions’ into ‘life’. The word “function” trapezes between life and not-life.
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Wittgenstein argued that a word’s function  depends on its context, a context determined by the agents  who are using it. Amino acids, or even atoms , can write a sonnet, only in the context  of a macromolecule(man).
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Consciousness is an extension of purposiveness. ‘Purpose’ is the translation of  “informational feedbacks from the past” . Even a “feedback” is the translation of “accumulated new reactions out of structural deformation”.
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Physics is devoid of functions. Spacetime ,quantum fields or quantum uncertainty don’t exist for any express reason, but just are.

 
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In biology, systems are fine-tuned to act.  To move, catalyze, and construct.
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“Biology” is the translation of “ accumulation of mutually inclusive functional parts”.
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The pieces, individually obeying nothing more than the basic laws of physics, collectively accrue function.
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Function is absent from the world of physics.
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Physics doesn’t make a distinction between life and not-life. But biology does.
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Both a tree and a solar panel absorb and transform solar energy, and dump heat into their environment.
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Life doesn’t defy the laws of nature.
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Species=> Genes => Energy => Disequilibrium (life’s “main fuel”)
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Energy doesn’t drive processes—or become “consumed” or “used” in their occurrence. Disequilibria make living or nonliving things happen.While energy is typically a dominant contributor to the “medium”, the “message” is disequilibri-um dissipation and creation.

 
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An autocatalytic  catalyst is one of the products of the reaction.
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The museum of reality displays an  existential scaffolding.
…………………………………………

 
“Intelligent information- processing must come into existence in the Universe, and, once it comes into existence, it will never die out.” -Barrow and Tipler
…………………………………………
“Reproduction is not something that belongs to living organisms by some miraculous linkage, but is simply a specialized means of adaptation of a specialized class of disturbances”.
-Ashby
…………………………………………

‘Life’ is the old-fashioned name for ‘adaptability’.Reproduction proved to be far more evolutionarily economical than immortality to maintain ADAPTABILITY.
Absolutely stable or permanent version of ‘life’ might look like supersymmetric quantum field. Evolution didn’t invent it. It  has already been everywhere eternally. Physical laws,universe, energy, matter,gravity, stars,planets, evolution, life,man, etc. are  mere facets of that ‘unchristened mathematical field’.
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Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..……………………………………………………………………………………

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Many data scientists believe that  consciousness (experience-ness) evolved as a survival  tool (data crunching plugin) and we could engineer it in robotic neural networks  by simulating such existential demands.

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Since subjective experience doesn’t exist in any physical dimension,  philosophers describe it as the “ghost in the machine”.

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Many data scientists believe that  consciousness (experience-ness) can be understood best from an engineering perspective and in light of the neural networks of movement control.

…………………………………………

Norman Margolus and Tommaso Toffoli coined ‘computronium’ for any “programmable matter”.

……………………………………..

‘Computronium’ is a theoretical arrangement of matter that is computationally  most capable for that amount of matter. Our consciousness might be a sort of ‘instant computronium state’ of our co-ordinated body. It is not binary but varies within range allowed by Tegmarkian network -the fundamental censorship constraining chaos as well as  abracadabra.

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

 

According to Max Tegmark, consciousness  might just be a state of matter, like a solid, a liquid or a gas. Just like  liquids, there might be many types of consciousness.

 

……………………………………..

Each instance of consciousness is a unified and indivisible whole that might  emerge from sophisticated computing materials. As a material state, a computer should be called ‘computronium or a brain ‘perceptronium’. After long Darwinian struggle, a gaseous state of matter (hydrogen)  has evolved into a peceptronium state of matter.

……………………………………..

 

A conscious system  stores, processes and retrieves  information to memetically build a part of existential reality.

……………………………………..

 

“Let’s celebrate this existential picnic!”

-Meme Updater (Naba Kumar Garai)

……………………………………..

 

…………………………………………

Any substance  floods in its liquid state , blows when gaseous, rolls when solid, computes when computronium and thinks when perceptronium. If Max Tegmark is right, consciousness is existentially a state of matter and ultimately a mathematical pattern.

 

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Consciousness can be experienced  only from within.

…………………………………………

We still don’t know how quantum mechanics is related to observation.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
“With rebellion, awareness is born.”

-Albert Camus

…………………………………………

The masks(representatives /agents of conscious minds) that we wear are deeply unconscious.

 

…………………………………………

The masks(representatives of conscious minds) that we wear are tools for adaptive evolution via natural selection.

 

…………………………………………

 

 

 

…………………………………………


The physical brain is the hardware, and the mind is the software.

 

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

According to modern science, truly sentient beings with fundamental sense of identity or agency don’t exist.
…………………………………………
According to modern science, being-ness is a musk, an evolutionary tool.
…………………………………………
Being-ness is the mere linguistic translation of adaptive manipulation of information encrypted in neurons or DNA.

…………………………………………
It might be evolutionarily disadvantageous to watch our natural, organic natures.

…………………………………………

The illusion of ‘doer’ evolved because a particular brain structure (i.e. meme complex) acts mostly in the same way. Symbiotic memes take on the illusion of ‘agent’ for adjustment. United they stand as mind, divided they fall as soliloquies.

…………………………………………

When a pig’s brain perfused with lethal glutaraldehyde before being frozen at –135°C was warmed up, it got alive again.
…………………………………………
Whether directly or online , we interact with the world and tell others  about ourselves. This output stream constitutes who/what I am.
…………………………………………

According to a modern synthetic philosopher Daniel Dennett, a person is “an ape infested with memes”.

…………………………………………
CONSCIOUSNESS might be the ability of a system to be influenced by its previous state and to influence its next state.


The SELF, a meme-complex , extends its own boundaries under the spell of creative and altruistic memes.


…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
…………………………………………

An extremely elaborate braid through spacetime might correspond to our self-awareness. …………………………………………
Water takes the forms of containers it is poured into. We should enjoy pouring our consciousness  into varying perspectives.

 
…………………………………………

“Consciousness is the phenomenon whereby the universe’s very existence is known”

Roger Penrose

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..………………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………   

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

“Every man is fully satisfied
that there is such a thing
as truth, or he would not
ask any question.”

-Charles Peirce

…………………………………………

“Life and Reality are not things you can have for yourself unless you accord them to all others. They do not belong to particular persons any more than the sun, moon and stars.”
-Alan Watts

…………………………………………

Reality is whatever exists without descriptive baggages.

…………………………………………

Both idol-worship and celebrity culture rob us of realness.

…………………………………………

Digital algorithms will keep on  replacing humans in more and more jobs.

…………………………………………

Provided universal basic income frees us of daily drudgery,

people will need to be occupied and content.

Our brain is the most advanced computing system in the known universe. It demands a supply of  purposeful tasks to stay active. Even playing virtual reality games serves the purpose.

It is evolutionarily tested that  virtual reality (  whether that be computer games, religious myths or unbridled consumerism ) saves our species in such situations.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Virtual reality is not always encased inside an isolated box. Both religion and consumerism serve as virtual reality games. If you forget to pray, you lose points. If you can’t buy BMW, you lose points.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

The meaning of life is just a fictional story- an instrument to enjoy some typical algorithmic sensations in neurons. It doesn’t matter whether the neurons are stimulated by digital  screen, by a packaged tour, or by thinking about an afterlife happiness.

…………………………………………

A significant percentage of Jewish people keep themselves engaged in religious books and rituals.  Since the government provides them with the basic necessities of life, they do no work. These ‘deep’ players of virtual reality game report higher levels of life-satisfaction than any other section of Israeli society. Even in

global surveys of life satisfaction, Israel beats most other countries. That’s universal basic income in action!

…………………………………………

Virtual reality games are more meaningful than work. Work is the means, virtual engazment is the goal!

…………………………………………

Our species is destined to playing  various virtual reality games  like religion, socialism, democracy, liberalism, consumerism, etc.

………………………………..

……………………………………..

Einstein’s special relativity is called `Euclidean Relativity’.

……………………………………..

Up to Newton’s time, we had been treating ourselves as  localized lumps of mass-energy moving about in space over time. Einstein’s special relativity first assumed us as  long and narrow 4-dimensional tubes, branched with similar other tubes (manifested as our contacts with other objects,  people, consuming food, and excretions) at various points. 

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

In Einstein’s relativity, birth is nothing but branching out from our mother-tube.

……………………………………..

In Einstein’s relativity, death  is nothing but our tube’s diffusion into many smaller tubes.

……………………………………..

 ……………………………………..

In Einstein’s  general theory of relativity, gravity is a change in the geometry of spacetime near where 4-dimensional  tubes are present.

……………………………………..

Since the geometry of spacetime can change even in empty space, reality is more than 4-dimensional tubes. We need quantum mechanics to identity this extra ‘thing’ with fucctuaing quantum fields obeying Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

What is the fundamental nature of cosmos/life/consciousness?

At this stage of our scientific knowledge, many questions, as a matter of physics, are unanswerable. It is an existential  bliss/duty to speculate over all possible memetic models able to somehow answer such questions!

……………………………………..

At this stage of our species’ memetic maturity, we use two ( not only separate but also contradictory! ) memetic models for understanding reality. Yes,  General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics are just memetic models!

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

People who quarrel about whether 

parallel lines intersect or not actually mistake a specific model for reality itself.

……………………………………..

Geometrical lines are mathematical memes/maps/models/abstractions 

of straight paths in the Universe. 

……………………………………..

In Euclidean model/geometry, infinitely extended parallel lines do not intersect. 

……………………………………..

In the memetic model of Lobachevski (hyperbolic or doubly-curved surface that resembles the shape of a saddle- convex  along one axis, and concave along the other), infinitely extended parallel lines intersect at one point. 

……………………………………..

In the geometry of Riemann (spherical surfaces), infinitely extended parallel lines cross twice.

……………………………………..

The number of intersections between infinitely extended parallel lines varies with the complexity/variety of  curved space geometries. 

……………………………………..

Both Euclidean and non-Euclidean   geometries are just models of the

observable Universe. 

……………………………………..

Maps/models/memetic narratives   characterize neither Universe nor reality.

……………………………………..

Maps/models/memes do not

constitute properties of reality/ Universe.

……………………………………..

The Universe/reality  is far more

complex than any model of it.

……………………………………..

Since reality  is infinitely more complex than any of its model, scientific

research will never end as long as this reality persists allowing the universe to exist. 

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

Our memetic maps of  reality are never wrong but limited to  their area of applicability. Even Ptolemy’s geocentric astronomy helped to predict positions of the celestial bodies efficiently. Copernicus’s heliocentric model  just generalized such predictions. Newton’s gravity or Einstein’s spacetime curvature gave more and more general maps of our cosmic reality. There is no limit to such generalization until we  know the ultimate nature of reality (theory of everything ?).

……………………………………..

Our memetic models of reality can be improved indefinitely until we get a theory of everything i.e. an all encompassing meme.

……………………………………..

Supersymmetric confinement represents nothingness. Symmetry breaks to infinity. A cabbage takes smaller volume than its torn foliage.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

Though we are part of reality, we can’t  know it directly. In our intellectual adventures, ‘maps’ or ‘memes’ or ‘models’ of reality guide us. Though such models are never wrong, they lose the value outside of their area of applicability.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

Fields  in QFT determine how many fundamental particles (with spin between 0 and 1, inclusive) there are, in a particular state, at a specific spacetime region.

……………………………………..

Our science teachers should promote

the vision that any physical theory is just a tool (imaginary model) for making calculations. Reality needs (what does it even mean?) no  blueprint.

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

A quantum system imprints replicas of itself on its environment.

…………………………………………
…………………………………………

In quantum Darwinism experiments,

only a few particles/ a single photon serves as the quantum system, with a handful of other photons serving as the “environment” that interacts with it and broadcasts information about it.
Some laser photons combine them into multiply entangled groups. Then  the environment photons are interrogated to see what information they encode about the system photon’s pointer state – its polarization (the orientation of its oscillating electromagnetic fields), one of the quantum properties able to pass through the filter of quantum Darwinian selection.

…………………………………………

Since information saturates soon,
measurements of just one of the environment photons reveal a lot of the available information about the system photon’s polarization, and measuring an increasing fraction of the environment photons provided diminishing returns.

…………………………………………
In quantum Darwinism experiments,even a single photon can act as an environment to initiate decoherence and selection if it interacts strongly enough with the lone system photon. When interactions are weaker, a larger environment must be monitored.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
We get a classically objective “position” of a thing because its position state can imprint many identical replicas in the environment.
…………………………………………
An observer can’t monitor more than a fraction of the environment because the redundancy (repetition of messages to reduce the probability of errors in transmission) of information quickly saturates.
…………………………………………
Moneymaking mindset looks down upon philosophy. But quantum physicists often adopt philosophical interpretations to invent quantum computers or AI.
…………………………………………

……………………………………..

An object can exist only  if a

perfectly accurate mathematical description of the universe mathematically allows it to do so. Such a description resembles Tegmark’s  mathematical universe.

……………………………………..

Mere existing might just  be a duality(interchangeability)  for a mathematical tool for making perfectly

accurate predictions, and vice versa. That’s why our existential  reality consists of subjective yes-no questions.

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

According to Zurek’s quantum Darwinism , our concrete reality condenses(or gets transacted?) from the multiple competing options  residing fundamentally in quantum realm ( or in subjectively inaccessible  Tegmarkian objectivity/entity?).

…………………………………………

Quantum superposition doesn’t really mean that it is in several states at once; rather, it means that if we make a measurement we will see one of those outcomes. Our familiar existential reality is not objectively independent but  transactional/medium-born/ subjective/in-transit/signal-processed.

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

Norman Margolus and Tommaso Toffoli coined ‘computronium’ for any “programmable matter”.

……………………………………..

‘Computronium’ is a theoretical arrangement of matter that is computationally  most capable for that amount of matter. Our consciousness might be a sort of ‘instant computronium state’ of our co-ordinated body. It is not binary but varies within range allowed by Tegmarkian network -the fundamental censorship constraining chaos as well as  abracadabra.

……………………………………..


According to Max Tegmark, consciousness  might just be a state of matter, like a solid, a liquid or a gas. Just like  liquids, there might be many types of consciousness.

……………………………………..

Each instance of consciousness is a unified and indivisible whole that might  emerge from sophisticated computing materials. As a material state, a computer should be called ‘computronium or a brain ‘perceptronium’. After long Darwinian struggle, a gaseous state of matter (hydrogen)  has evolved into a peceptronium state of matter.

……………………………………..

A conscious system  stores, processes and retrieves  information to memetically build a part of existential reality.

……………………………………..

“Let’s celebrate this existential picnic!”

-Meme Updater (Naba Kumar Garai)

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

A photon is the smallest quantifiable unit of light that stays in a superposition (exists both as a particle and a wave at the same time) before someone measures it to determine a particular alignment.

…………………………………………
Even after determining a particular alignment, the photon still stays in a superposition if the second observer is kept unaware of the first’s measurement. As a result, each observer can get  a different alignment representing different reality.

…………………………………………


According to Geoff Jones, photons do not exist.

…………………………………………

In double-slit experiment, an electromagnetic field might fill the entire the entire Universe to ‘know’ that there are two slits there. No particle but a disturbance or new  information is transacted in field’s ledger-book. What is ‘detected’ as a photon is the removal of one quantum or packet of energy from the field. Only ‘disturbances in the media’ i.e.  transmissible information give birth to our so-called reality. Recent quantum-Darwinism and Wigner’s friend experiments dismissing any shared objective reality (that can exist on its own) are in line with such ‘media-born/transmitted/selected/ subjective/memetic reality’.

…………………………………………

Our model of reality can easily exclude  photons if we say that energy can only be added to or subtracted from the field in definite units.

…………………………………………


   
Zurek’s quantum Darwinism attempts to explain how quantum possibilities can give rise to objective, classical reality.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………

The laws of physics arranged by Isaac Newton and Einstein — according to which objects have well-defined positions and properties at all times – don’t work at atomic, subatomic and sub-sub-atomic(planckian) scales.

…………………………………………

At atomic, subatomic and sub-sub-atomic(planckian) scales, classical  concreteness dissolves into a soup of possibilities. An atom has no definite position but the probability of finding it in various places.

…………………………………………

In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, the definite properties(position, speed, spin direction, etc. ) associated with classical physics get naturally selected from a menu of quantum possibilitie(states) since information about robust states get copied,  transmitted and reproduced   fundamentally by  electromagnetic field and apparently  by environmental photons. Since   information about a quantum system gets repeatedly imprinted on our so-called environments, many independent observers agree on a measured value — a hallmark of classicality!

…………………………………………

Electromagnetic field itself is ‘not a thing’ to be seen but medium/wire/default canvas / picture-tube/channel. Changes or distortions on electromagnetic field propagate as signals to make the the world ‘visible’.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

We are the part of a memetic-wilderness called ‘existence’. Existence is a part of a greater memetic-wilderness called ‘reality’. Reality is a part of a magnificent   remoteness  called  ‘mathelogical  relationship between quantum probabilities/ pointer states.’ If Max Tegmark is right, we are just conscious parts of a huge mathematical structure existing on its own and thereby staying immune to memes.

…………………………………………

“Evolutionism is the central, inclusive, organizing outlook of anthropology, comparable in its theoretical power to evolutionism in biology.”
–Marshall Sahlins

…………………………………………
“All life evolves by the differential survival of replicating entities.”
–Richard Dawkins

…………………………………………

The very reality, we belong to and constantly interact with, itself consists of our own memes. The fact is in line with ‘quantummechanically participatory universe’ in which we ourselves build reality with yes-no questions.

…………………………………………

People kept on practicing alchemy until our model of reality included ‘atoms’. When our model of reality included the relational meme E=Mc2,  we couldn’t help splitting atoms to steal its energy. Thus, the very memes we use to describe reality shape our futurity.

…………………………………………


“The truth may be puzzling. It may take some work to grapple with. It may be counterintuitive. It may contradict deeply held prejudices. It may not be consonant with what we desperately want to be true. But our preferences do not determine what’s true.”
-Carl Sagan

…………………………………………

…………………………………………


“What seems to me so obvious, even against me, I must support.”
-Albert Camus

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Truth about our human condition is subject to linguistic limitations.

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

We are imprisoned in the dark den of existence. Speculations are the breaches to peep at REALITY.


WE SHOULD NOT TREAT REALITY AS A social construction or AN INTERSUBJECTIVE AGREEMENT. …………………………………………

Reality is a trans-subjective construction, to the extent that it evolves with the instrumental data of LHC ,NASA or ISRO. Even a single empirical fact can ruin the most beautiful scientific theory.

………………………………………… Quantum world is different from classical one to the extent that no mathematical formalism permits the rigorous passage from one world to another.

…………………………………………

Several levels of organization appear at one and the same level of Reality. The levels of organization correspond to different structurings of the same fundamental laws. For example, politics and classical physics belong to one and the same level of Reality. …………………………………………
…………………………………………

A level of Reality is what it is because all the other levels exist at the same time. Thus Reality is not only multi-dimensional but also multi-referential. …………………………………………
Science is savouring a unique reality from infinite angles.
…………………………………………
Quantum mechanics has forced our culture to accept multiple levels of the reality we belong to.
…………………………………………
Quantum abstraction not only describes reality but also constitutes it.
………………………………………… Quantum reality is pragmatic and onto- logical at the same time. …………………………………………
Reality is the ultimate system responsible for our very existence, experiences, representations, descriptions, images or mathematical formalizations.
…………………………………………
………………………………………… Quantum abstraction is inseparable from experience. …………………………………………

 

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

Something begins to ‘exist’ whenever Tegmarkian reality gets a chance to bloom/unfold/manifest.

…………………………………………

A quantum system imprints replicas of itself on its environment.

…………………………………………
…………………………………………

In quantum Darwinism experiments,

only a few particles/ a single photon serves as the quantum system, with a handful of other photons serving as the “environment” that interacts with it and broadcasts information about it.
Some laser photons combine them into multiply entangled groups. Then  the environment photons are interrogated to see what information they encode about the system photon’s pointer state – its polarization (the orientation of its oscillating electromagnetic fields), one of the quantum properties able to pass through the filter of quantum Darwinian selection.

…………………………………………

Since information saturates soon,
measurements of just one of the environment photons reveal a lot of the available information about the system photon’s polarization, and measuring an increasing fraction of the environment photons provided diminishing returns.

…………………………………………

In quantum Darwinism experiments,even a single photon can act as an environment to initiate decoherence and selection if it interacts strongly enough with the lone system photon. When interactions are weaker, a larger environment must be monitored.
…………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………..
We get a classically objective “position” of a thing because its position state can imprint many identical replicas in the environment.
…………………………………………
An observer can’t monitor more than a fraction of the environment because the redundancy (repetition of messages to reduce the probability of errors in transmission) of information quickly saturates.
…………………………………………
Moneymaking mindset looks down upon philosophy. But quantum physicists often adopt philosophical interpretations to invent quantum computers or AI.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………

 

According to Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, our concrete reality condenses(or gets transacted?) from the multiple competing options  residing fundamentally in quantum realm ( or in subjectively inaccessible  Tegmarkian objectivity/entity?).

 

…………………………………………

Quantum superposition doesn’t really mean that it is in several states at once; rather, it means that if we make a measurement we will see one of those outcomes. Our familiar existential reality is not objectively independent but  transactional/medium-born/ subjective/in-transit/signal-processed.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

 

According to Max Tegmark, consciousness  might just be a state of matter, like a solid, a liquid or a gas. Just like  liquids, there might be many types of consciousness.

 

……………………………………..

Each instance of consciousness is a unified and indivisible whole that might  emerge from sophisticated computing materials. As a material state, a computer should be called ‘computronium or a brain ‘perceptronium’. After long Darwinian struggle, a gaseous state of matter (hydrogen)  has evolved into a peceptronium state of matter.

……………………………………..

 

A conscious system  stores, processes and retrieves  information to memetically build a part of existential reality.

……………………………………..

 

“Let’s celebrate this existential picnic!”

-Meme Updater (Naba Kumar Garai)

……………………………………..

…………………………………………   

Any existence is actually a metaphorically projected partial reality.

…………………………………………

A photon is the smallest quantifiable unit of light that stays in a superposition (exists both as a particle and a wave at the same time) before someone measures it to determine a particular alignment.

…………………………………………
Even after determining a particular alignment, the photon still stays in a superposition if the second observer is kept unaware of the first’s measurement. As a result, each observer can get  a different alignment representing different reality.

 

…………………………………………

   

…………………………………………

 

According to Geoff Jones, photons do not exist.

 

…………………………………………

In double-slit experiment, an electromagnetic field might fill the entire the entire Universe to ‘know’ that there are two slits there. No particle but a disturbance or new  information is transacted in field’s ledger-book. What is ‘detected’ as a photon is the removal of one quantum or packet of energy from the field. Only ‘disturbances in the media’ i.e.  transmissible information give birth to our so-called reality. Recent quantum-Darwinism and Wigner’s friend experiments dismissing any shared objective reality (that can exist on its own) are in line with such ‘media-born/transmitted/selected/ subjective/memetic reality’.

…………………………………………

 

Our model of reality can easily exclude  photons if we say that energy can only be added to or subtracted from the field in definite units.

 

…………………………………………


Zurek’s quantum Darwinism attempts to explain how quantum possibilities can give rise to objective, classical reality.
…………………………………………

 

…………………………………………

 

The laws of physics arranged by Isaac Newton and Einstein — according to which objects have well-defined positions and properties at all times – don’t work at atomic, subatomic and sub-sub-atomic(planckian) scales.

 

…………………………………………

At atomic, subatomic and sub-sub-atomic(planckian) scales, classical  concreteness dissolves into a soup of possibilities. An atom has no definite position but the probability of finding it in various places.

 

…………………………………………

In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, the definite properties(position, speed, spin direction, etc. ) associated with classical physics get naturally selected from a menu of quantum possibilitie(states) since information about robust states get copied,  transmitted and reproduced   fundamentally by  electromagnetic field and apparently  by environmental photons. Since   information about a quantum system gets repeatedly imprinted on our so-called environments, many independent observers agree on a measured value — a hallmark of classicality!

…………………………………………

Electromagnetic field itself is ‘not a thing’ to be seen but medium/wire/default canvas / picture-tube/channel. Changes or distortions on electromagnetic field propagate as signals to make the the world ‘visible’.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

 

What is most radical about Dawkins’ theory is that it reduces existence to the level of mere media- as if things exist only to  facilitate the replication and passage of information.

…………………………………………

We needed Darwin to show us that life is the gift of mechanical evolution. We needed  Dawkins to tell us that neither individuals nor species but  replicators serve as the hot iron to bear the blind blows  of  evolutionary hammer.

 

…………………………………………

In Dawkins’s theory, very little difference exists between humans and machines, animals and ideologies, insects and internet memes— all are just containers of some replicators.

 

…………………………………………

In Dawkins’s theory, man is just one of many potential host media for transmission and reproduction of “content”.

 

…………………………………………

We are the part of a memetic-wilderness called ‘existence’. Existence is a part of a greater memetic-wilderness called ‘reality’. Reality is a part of a magnificent   remoteness  called  ‘mathelogical  relationship between quantum probabilities/ pointer states.’ If Max Tegmark is right, we are just conscious parts of a huge mathematical structure existing on its own and thereby staying immune to memes.

 

…………………………………………

 

“Evolutionism is the central, inclusive, organizing outlook of anthropology, comparable in its theoretical power to evolutionism in biology.”
–Marshall Sahlins

…………………………………………
“All life evolves by the differential survival of replicating entities.”
–Richard Dawkins

…………………………………………

 

The very reality, we belong to and constantly interact with, itself consists of our own memes. The fact is in line with ‘quantummechanically participatory universe’ in which we ourselves build reality with yes-no questions.

…………………………………………

People kept on practicing alchemy until our model of reality included ‘atoms’. When our model of reality included the relational meme E=Mc2,  we couldn’t help splitting atoms to steal its energy. Thus, the very memes we use to describe reality shape our futurity.

…………………………………………

Life is the enterprise to explore the vistas of  existence (something projected but still embedded in abstract reality).

……………………………………..

Life is a small  part of existence. Existence itself  is just a small part of reality. Reality itself might just be a part of quantum probabilistic  landscape extended infinitely. The landscape , if Max Tegmark is right, is an eternal mathematical structure existing on its own.

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

‘Not how the world is, is the mystical, but that it is.’

-Wittgenstein

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

“Not why the world and life exist, is  alarmingly arousing, but that both exist at all instead of nothingness. Isn’t it crazy to take such items ( unavailable even in Amazon or Flip kart) for granted?”

-Meme Updater

…………………………………………

“What is wild cannot be bought or sold, borrowed or copied. It is. Unmistakeable, unforgettable, unshamable, elemental as earth and ice, water, fire and air, a quintessence, pure spirit, resolving into no constituents.”
-Jay Griffiths
……………………………………..

…………………………………………
There’s no better enjoyment than existence itself.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

“Existence is the juiciest fruit with the hardest rind. Knowledge is the sharpest knife to peel it.”

-Meme Updater( wondernpeculate.org)

…………………………………………
“The deep heart of existence beat forever like a boy’s.”
-ALFRED TENNYSON
…………………………………………

 

…………………………………………

“Almost nothing material is needed for a happy life, for he who has understood existence.”

– Marcus Aurelius

…………………………………………

Existence is a signal or inhomogeneity in some homogenous medium.

—————————————–

The interface between existence and non-existence is either like a virtual particle, or like a probability wave.
—————————————–
Nothing actually “exists.”

—————————————–
“Existence ” is really a shorthand we use for a pattern that interests us or a pattern we’ve evolved to be sensitive to.

—————————————–
The boundary between existence and non-existence is simply a construct of the mind, not of nature.

—————————————–

Boundary conditions violate a theory of everything.

—————————————–

……………………………………..

…………………………………………
“Existence is illusory and it is eternal.”

-Albert Camus

…………………………………………

“This heart within me I can feel, and I judge that it exists. This world I can touch, and I likewise judge that it exists. There ends all my knowledge, and the rest is construction. For if I try to seize this self of which I feel sure, if I try to define and to summarize it, it is nothing but water slipping through my fingers. I can sketch one by one all the aspects it is able to assume, all those likewise that have been attributed to it, this upbringing, this origin, this ardor or these silences, this nobility or this vileness. But aspects cannot be added up.”

-Albert Camus

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
“Creating is living doubly. The groping, anxious quest of a Proust, his meticulous collecting of flowers, of wallpapers, and of anxieties, signifies nothing else.”
-Albert Camus

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

 
We are imprisoned in the dark den of existence. Speculations are the breaches to peep at REALITY.


“Someday surely we will see the principle underlying existence as so simple, so beautiful, so compelling that we will all say to each other, ‘How could we all have been so stupid for so long?’”

  • John Wheeler

We still haven’t been omniscient. Our existence is still a mystery to us. We are still too childish to make any existential comment.


Everything is a kind of existential observatory.


…………………………………………
Who will wonder about the wonderful mystery we are part of , if not our kids?

…………………………………………
We need imaginary models to explain the mystery we are part of. Without such imaginary models we can’t touch or tackle or tame or even talk about this mystery. Today’s contradictory models are actually different facets of future’s wider models.
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Existence is a dark den. Assumptions are the breaches to peep through. Standard model is the most practical  assumption hitherto.
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Reality is stranger than fiction. Cutting edge scientific ansatzs are queerer than our weirdest fairy tales and can boost our kids’ imaginative power.
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“THERE ARE ONLY TWO WAYS TO LIVE YOUR LIFE. ONE IS AS THOUGH NOTHING IS A MIRACLE. THE OTHER IS AS THOUGH EVERYTHING IS A MIRACLE.” – ALBERT EINSTEIN ………………………………………… “BELIEVING AS I DO THAT MAN IN THE DISTANT FUTURE WILL BE A FAR MORE PERFECT CREATURE THAN HE NOW IS, IT IS AN INTOLERABLE THOUGHT THAT HE AND ALL OTHER SENTIENT BEINGS ARE DOOMED TO COMPLETE ANNIHILATION AFTER SUCH LONG-CONTINUED SLOW PROGRESS. WHAT CAN WE DO? WHAT IF WE CHALLENGE THE ASSUMPTION OF INTELLIGENCE HAVING NO INFLUENCE ON THE FUTURE? WHAT IF LIFE AND INTELLIGENCE COULD HAVE INFLUENCE ON THE FUTURE OF THE COSMOS?” -DARWIN’S REACTION TO THE HEAT DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE.

 

 

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“Nature is self-existent. She produces everything. Contains within herself he cause of everything. Her motion is a necessary consequence of her existence. Within herself she contains the remedies for all those who are patiently willing to investigate her laws.”

– Baron D’Holbach

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It is our sapiential duty to unfetter our fate from cruelly indifferent natural laws.

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“In the nineteenth century, the novel was where you went to get your serious reflections and questionings about life. You’d go to Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky. Nowadays, of course, you know the scientists actually tell much more about such issues than you would ever get from novelists.”
-Douglas

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“Someday surely we will see the principle underlying existence as so simple, so beautiful, so compelling that we will all say to each other, ‘How could we all have been so stupid for so long?’”

  • John Wheeler

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“Accepting the absurdity of everything around us is one step, a necessary experience: it should not become a dead end. It arouses a revolt that can become fruitful.”

-Albert Camus

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“The atoms of our bodies are traceable to stars that manufactured them in their cores and exploded these enriched ingredients across our galaxy, billions of years ago. For this reason, we are biologically connected to every other living thing in the world. We are chemically connected to all molecules on Earth. And we are atomically connected to all atoms in the universe. We are not figuratively, but literally stardust.”
– Neil deGrasse Tyson

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“Literally the stuff of which we’re made came from the deep interior of stars that exploded, and we evolved by the very same laws and rules that the rest of the universe evolves by.” – Brian Greene

The pyramid of intelligence rises from data to
information to knowledge to wisdom.
To be educated is to not exercise one
without the others.

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“I am assured that this ignorance explains everything and that this darkness is my light.”
-Albert Camus

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“Beginning to think is beginning to be undermined. Society has but little connection with such beginnings.”
-Albert Camus

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“There is no longer a single idea explaining everything, but an infinite number of essences giving a meaning to an infinite number of objects. The world comes to a stop, but also lights up.”
-Albert Camus

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“Since we’re all going to die, it’s obvious that when and how don’t matter.”

-Albert Camus

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“Man is something that shall be overcome. Man is a rope,tied between beast and overman — a rope over an abyss. What is great in man is that he is a bridge and not an end.”

  • Friedrich Nietzsche

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“Our world is not wholly a matter of inference. There are things that we know without asking the opinion of men of science. If you are too hot or too cold, you can be perfectly aware of this fact without asking the physicist what heat and cold consist of. … We may give the name ‘data’ to all the things of which we are aware without inference.” – Bertrand Russell

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The pyramid of intelligence rises from data to information to knowledge to wisdom. To be educated is to not exercise one without the others.


Matter can exist in different states. The more physically-distinct material states there are, the more encodable information.


Information is a measurable objective property of the physical universe.
……………………………………..
If an atom can exist in one of two energy states, then it encodes one binary bit of information (0 or 1).
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Information is not a subjective human thing.
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The total amount of information encoded in the whole universe is vast.
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To understand is to translate between the data, the discussions and the math — three ways of representing the world.
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When we stop learning, we belong to  the walking dead.

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“I believe that just as Nature has created men with different faces, so she has created them with different intellects and imaginations. Wherefrom it comes that each man leads himself according to his own intellect and imagination.”

-Seneca

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“And truly he who should be so wise to understand the times and situations, and to adapt to them, would have good fortune at all times or would always avert bad fortune, and it would come true that the wise command to the stars and fates.”

-Machiavelli

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“When I choose the overview, I miss most of the details. When I go closer to observe details, I lose sight of the whole.”
– Freeman Patterson

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Too much specialization stifles creativity.
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Fragmented disciplines can’t explain world’s messy complexity.
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Progress demands martyrdom.

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Genius thrived in the Renaissance because of creation and dissemination of knowledge.
……………………………………….
The pyramid of intelligence rises from
data to information to knowledge to wisdom. To be educated is to not exercise one without the others.

Asymptotic freedom causes interactions between fundamental particles to become asymptotically weaker as the energy scale increases and the corresponding length scale decreases.
……………………………………..
Infinity is not a number. Infinity is an idea.
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The bigger the number, the less number-like it is. It becomes asymptotically less and less meaningful and countable.
……………………………………..
The bigger the number, the less number-like it is.
……………………………………..
There’s no absolute cut-off point between ‘nothing’ and ‘something’, ‘nonlife’ and ‘life’, ‘logic’ and ‘existence’ or ‘physics’ and ‘biology’.
……………………………………..
Any distinctive feature of our universe may experience a gradual dissipation in meaning, realizability, countability, and utility.
……………………………………..
The body along with its extensions like neurons, brain and mind gave birth to math. Math feels perfect because of the evolution of our brains, language, and cultural abstractions from such inescapable concrete embodiment.
……………………………………..
Math, as a language, is a continuation of the evolution of the structure of the universe. Thus it is finely tuned to the universe.
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Since we are made of the stuff that our math describes, our math feels infallible.
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Water is wet because covalent bonding with a single oxygen atom reduces electropositive hydrogen’s quantum locational uncertainty and its momentum increases to respond to another molecule’s electronegative oxygen atom.
…………………………………………
H2O is a liquid at normal conditions when H2S(even though heavier) is a gas.
…………………………………………
Water is a chemical substance. Its chemical formula, H20, tells us that one molecule of water is comprised of 2 atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen bonded together.
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Culture is a tangled hairball of almost invisible threads of genes, memes and temes.

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We are more dependent than ever on state infrastructure. Knowledge is now held not by individuals, but by groups and institutions. We should remember that such interconnected networks are more fragile than isolated systems. …………………………………………

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Our instinctive virtues and vices are actually autonomous algorithms (mechanistically blind evolutionary plugins) that help us survive in brutally   indifferent Darwinian struggle.

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Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..…………………………………………

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Experimental discovery of gravitational waves (ripples in spacetime) implies that

General Relativity’s curved-spacetime model is not far from the fact.

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In general relativity, our universe is four-dimensional! 3 space dimensions and 1 time dimension! On two-dimensional paper, vertically both time and one space dimension are assumed! One space dimension is assumed to extend horizontally! The rest space dimension is excluded! This method simplifies our intuition about dimensions!

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Since quantum theory’s  wave-particle duality applies to all quanta,  gravitational waves (ripples in spacetime) must have a particle analogue. This hypothetical (not imaginary but  mathematically / theoretically predicted) particle is called ‘graviton’ in Standard Model.

……………………………………..

If two massive black holes inspiral and merge into a single but totally less massive black hole, the remaining several solar masses convert into pure energy obeying E = mc²  and travel through space at the speed of light in all directions in the form of gravitational waves.

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Since momentum equals mass times velocity, gravitational waves (with  zero rest mass and non-zero momenta) move at the speed of light just like a photon!

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Equations  can be the handiest descriptions of  the Universe, only if their predictions always  match with physical observations.

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Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle doesn’t allow us to measure below 10^−35 meters or 10^−44 seconds or   above 10^19 GeV. On this smallest(Planck) scale, space and time are always randomly fluctuating just like the initial moments of the big bang. Since individual Planck-sized regions either expand or contract with equal likelihood, we get a smooth large-scale spacetime.

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Einstein’s special relativity is called `Euclidean Relativity’.

……………………………………..

Up to Newton’s time, we had been treating ourselves as  localized lumps of mass-energy moving about in space over time. Einstein’s special relativity first assumed us as  long and narrow 4-dimensional tubes, branched with similar other tubes (manifested as our contacts with other objects,  people, consuming food, and excretions) at various points. 

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In Einstein’s relativity, birth is nothing but branching out from our mother-tube.

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In Einstein’s relativity, death  is nothing but our tube’s diffusion into many smaller tubes.

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 ……………………………………..

In Einstein’s  general theory of relativity, gravity is a change in the geometry of spacetime near where 4-dimensional  tubes are present.

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Since the geometry of spacetime can change even in empty space, reality is more than 4-dimensional tubes. We need quantum mechanics to identity this extra ‘thing’ with fucctuaing quantum fields obeying Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.

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Einstein’s special relativity ( that describes mass as curled up energy) has fused space and time into a four-dimensional “space”  called Minkowski spacetime.

His general relativity ( that describes gravity not as a force but as a spacetime  curvature ) treats this ‘elastic spacetime’ not as a passive background but as an active ingredient of reality.

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The relationship between circular and hyperbolic rotations  involves an imaginary number ( the square root of −1).

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If special relativity’s  time dimension is multiplied by  the square root of −1, Minkowski ‘spacetime’ turns  into a four-dimensional Euclidean ‘space’. 

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…………………………………………People of ancient Egypt and Greece speculated on the cyclic unity of time/existence/universe which never disappears but perpetually changes form to renew or flow back into itself.

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In Hinduism, ‘kalpa’ represents the repetitive cycles of time.

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The oldest-known ouroboros ( ‘tail-devourer’ in Greek)  on the golden shrine of Tutankhamen witnesses the fact that ancient Egyptians tried to  imagine time as a series of repetitive cycles, instead of something linear and constantly evolving.

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The flooding of the Nile and the journey of the sun made ancient Egyptians imagine  time as a series of repetitive cycles.

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‘One is All, and by it All, and for it All and if it does not contain All, then All is Nothing’.

– From ancient Egyptian papyrus

(Credit: Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin)

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The ouroboros is comparable to the Chinese yin and yang, depicting the harmony of contrary forces.

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People who quarrel about whether 

parallel lines intersect or not actually mistake a specific model for reality itself.

……………………………………..

Geometrical lines are mathematical memes/maps/models/abstractions 

of straight paths in the Universe. 

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In Euclidean model/geometry, infinitely extended parallel lines do not intersect. 

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In the memetic model of Lobachevski (hyperbolic or doubly-curved surface that resembles the shape of a saddle- convex  along one axis, and concave along the other), infinitely extended parallel lines intersect at one point. 

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In the geometry of Riemann (spherical surfaces), infinitely extended parallel lines cross twice.

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The number of intersections between infinitely extended parallel lines varies with the complexity/variety of  curved space geometries. 

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Both Euclidean and non-Euclidean   geometries are just models of the

observable Universe. 

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Maps/models/memetic narratives   characterize neither Universe nor reality.

……………………………………..

Maps/models/memes do not

constitute properties of reality/ Universe.

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The Universe/reality  is far more

complex than any model of it.

……………………………………..

Since reality  is infinitely more complex than any of its model, scientific

research will never end as long as this reality persists allowing the universe to exist. 

……………………………………..


Quantum field theory accounts for everything in the Universe except gravity. On the other hand, General Relativity explains the relationship between matter/energy and space/time, and describes what we experience as gravitation.
…………………………………………
Despite having nothing to do with light, gravitational waves travel at the speed of light. The speed of anything in motion is determined by the same things: its energy, momentum, and rest mass. Gravitational waves, like any form of radiation, have zero rest mass and yet have finite energies and momenta, meaning that they have no option: they must always move at the speed of light.

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The Earth is not gravitationally attracted to where the Sun is right now, but rather where the Sun was 8 minutes and 20 seconds ago.

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When a mass moves through a region of curved space, it will experience an acceleration owing to the curved space it inhabits. It also experiences an additional effect due to its velocity as it moves through a constantly changing spatial curvature. These two effects cause deviational changes from Newton’s gravity.

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The finite speed of gravity causes a change in the gravitational field that departs from Newton’s instantaneous change. It’s this tiny deviation that allowed us to first test whether Newton’s “infinite speed” or Einstein’s “light speed of gravity” matched the physics of our Universe.

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The speed of gravity should equal the speed of light so long as both gravitational waves and photons have no rest mass associated with them.

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“The black holes of nature are the most perfect macroscopic objects there are in the universe: the only elements in their construction are our concepts of space and time.”

  •  Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

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“A man who dares to waste one hour of time has not discovered the value of life.”

 ― Charles Darwin

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We are savouring a universe having a derived quantity called Existence having Einsteinian/stringy dimensions!

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Everything in the universe has dimension, thereby it has presence.

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“Until we have firm understanding of the flow of time, or incontrovertible evidence that it is indeed an illusion, then we will not know who we are, or what part we are playing in the great cosmic drama.”

  • Paul Davies

Space is the condition for the existence of individual things.Time is the condition for the existence of individual events.


Space and time can be seen as emergent from a holographic worldview beyond the standard model.
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Time might be an illusion.
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Spatiotemporal continuum might just be an imaginary cognitive tool.
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Life is a braid in spacetime. …………………………………………

When you ask for my present address, you’re not really asking about the nature of spatiotemporal geometry, but rather about my relative location in it.

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We can think of space as a static stage where things change over time, or as an unchanging four-dimensional place called spacetime without any objective past or future. …………………………………………

We can think of the earth as an unchanging spiral shape in spacetime. …………………………………………

In static spacetime, the future is just as real as the past.

………………………………………… Spacetime as well as our entire physical reality might be a purely mathematical structure in the sense that it has no properties at all except mathematical properties, for example the number four, its number of dimensions. ………………………………………… Spacetime is an abstract, immutable mathematical structure existing outside of our familiar space and time.

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In astronomy, space is the vast three-dimensional region that begins where the earth’s atmosphere ends.
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According to Harvard University physicists Daniel Jafferis and Ping Gao, wormholes can actually exist, but moving through them would be too slow to  be ideal for humans.
…………………………………………

If wormhole travel is possible, figuring out a way to have light travel through wormholes could answer some questions about quantum gravity or black hole information problem.
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Wormholes  form between two black holes that connect at a quantum level. Scientists could retrieve information about black holes from the transmission of light through the wormhole.

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According to Einstein’s general theory of relativity,  wormholes can  connect different points billion light years apart, different points in time, or different universes.

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Black holes are entangled on a quantum level — and therefore the wormhole travel is not a shortcut .
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Since the wormhole is traversable, information could be extracted from a black hole.
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Negative energy is  inconsistent with quantum gravity. The  need for negative energy doesn’t allow to formulate traversable wormholes.
Jafferis has overcome this using quantum field theory tools.
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Since life is a  story by nature, we should ‘let it flow’ into several storylines simultaneously. It should be superposed like a quantum wave.
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Using entanglement to construct  space-time might  reconcile  quantum mechanics and general relativity.
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Gravity holding together the universe may not be fundamental, but arise from something else: quantum entanglement.
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“Quantum pair creation,” allows two particles to emerge from the vacuum. An electric field can catch such a pair of particles before they disappear back into the vacuum. Once extracted, these particles are considered entangled.
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Entanglement involves two particles, each occupying  superposition i.e. multiple states at once. Neither has a definite state until one is measured, causing the other particle to instantly assume a corresponding state, even if they reside on opposite ends of the universe.In string theory, the creation of two entangled particles simultaneously creates  a wormhole — a tunnel through space-time held together by gravity. Such a wormhole enables particles to communicate instantaneously.

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Since the creation of quarks simultaneously creates a wormhole, gravity might be a translation of  entanglement. The geometry, or bending, of the universe as described by classical gravity, may be a nickname for entanglement  between pairs of particles strung together by tunneling wormholes.

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When entangled black holes  are pulled apart, we get a wormhole — a tunnel through space-time. String theory’s holographic duality allows the emergene of gravity(spacetime curvature)  in the fifth dimension from entangled quarks in the fourth.We may  wonder what happens if some of this entanglement is lost.
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Despite being  a two-dimensional object, a  hologram contains all the information necessary to represent a three-dimensional view.
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The holographic duality allows the emergene of a more complex dimension from the next lowest dimension.
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Nonlocal quantum entanglement originates outside of or beyond 4D spacetime.
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“Amplituhedron” (quantum field theory) by Arkani-Hamed and Trnka allows the emergene of  locality from nonlocality.
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Since only spacetime can move faster than the speed of light, a wormhole might allow the emergene of  entanglement.
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Gravity/geometry in n+1 dimensions emerges from entanglement in n dimensions.
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AdS/CFT  is a duality between quantum gravity in terms of string theory and quantum field theory.
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Spacetime foam can be modeled as  a gas of virtual wormholes.
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Wormholes violate the null energy condition which requires the presence of an exotic (which does not exist in lab experiments) matter.
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A coherent set of virtual wormholes may work as an actual wormhole.
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Virtual wormholes diminish the energy density of zero-point fluctuations (i.e., the vacuum energy density).
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A black hole is a region of space so dense that nothing (even light) can escape its gravitational pull, and   most  parameters(space, time,etc) that define our reality lose all meaning.
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To see M87(a black hole at the heart of a galaxy at a 55 million light-years distant), we need a telescope as big as Earth itself. Computer scientist Katherine Bouman’s algorithm  allowed multiple radio telescopes around the globe to focus on the target simultaneously to get the first ever picture of a black hole.

 
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Einstein described gravity not as a force of attraction between masses (Isaac Newton’s view) but as a warping of space-time.
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Time  passes more slowly near a strong gravitational field.

 
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If matter become too dense, it would  collapse into a black hole.
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The in-falling material reaches such high speeds that it forms a hot, glowing disc — a blazing doughnut around M87.
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To be observable, a “distance” has to have a length of 10^-35 meter.
Time is “observable” as soon as it leaves a “zero” value.
A “volume” of “space”, which is “distances in all directions”, has to have a diameter of 10^-35 meter to be “observable”.
Before reaching a volume with a diameter of 10^-35 meter , only “distances-in-one-direction” or surface was rotating.
Space and time we inhabit, including ourselves, might be nothing more than  a two-dimensional hologram.
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Einstein’s space and time are inseparable and exist as an imaginary   structure called ‘spacetime’.
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Einstein’s general relativity states that spacetime is warped by energy (mostly mass-energy in the disguise of massive objects )and that gravity is a result of this warping.

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Philosophical speculations on blackholes or big bang singularities  may lead to breakthroughs in quantum computing by discovering proper methods of describing time on these scales.

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Though gavity operates directly on the particles composing us, we can detect it only when the many particles composing two bodies attract each other.

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Some quantum gravity physicists think of gravity as an emergent byproduct of quantum entanglement.
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“But we may fairly say that they alone are engaged in the true duties of life who shall wish to have Zeno, Pythagoras, Democritus, and all the other high priests of liberal studies, and Aristotle and Theophrastus, as their most intimate friends every day. No one of these will be “not at home,” no one of these will fail to have his visitor leave more happy and more devoted to himself than when he came, no one of these will allow anyone to leave him with empty hands; all mortals can meet with them by night or by day.

 

No one of these will force you to die, but all will teach you how to die; no one of these will wear out your years, but each will add his own years to yours; conversations with no one of these will bring you peril, the friendship of none will endanger your life, the courting of none will tax your purse. From them you will take whatever you wish; it will be no fault of theirs if you do not draw the utmost that you can desire. What happiness, what a fair old age awaits him who has offered himself as a client to these! He will have friends from whom he may seek counsel on matters great and small, whom he may consult every day about himself, from whom he may hear truth without insult, praise without flattery, and after whose likeness he may fashion himself.

 

We are wont to say that it was not in our power to choose the parents who fell to our lot, that they have been given to men by chance; yet we may be the sons of whomsoever we will. Households there are of noblest intellects; choose the one into which you wish to be adopted; you will inherit not merely their name, but even their property, which there will be no need to guard in a mean or niggardly spirit; the more persons you share it with, the greater it will become. These will open to you the path to immortality, and will raise you to a height from which no one is cast down. This is the only way of prolonging mortality—nay, of turning it into immortality. Honours, monuments, all that ambition has commanded by decrees or reared in works of stone, quickly sink to ruin; there is nothing that the lapse of time does not tear down and remove. But the works which philosophy has consecrated cannot be harmed; no age will destroy them, no age reduce them; the following and each succeeding age will but increase the reverence for them, since envy works upon what is close at hand, and things that are far off we are more free to admire. The life of the philosopher, therefore, has wide range, and he is not confined by the same bounds that shut others in. He alone is freed from the limitations of the human race; all ages serve him as if a god. Has some time passed by? This he embraces by recollection. Is time present? This he uses. Is it still to come? This he anticipates. He makes his life long by combining all times into one.

 

But those who forget the past, neglect the present, and fear for the future have a life that is very brief and troubled; when they have reached the end of it, the poor wretches perceive too late that for such a long while they have been busied in doing nothing.”

– Seneca

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Young Einstein dared to waste time by reading Kant and attending University lectures only for pleasure. After a few years, he wrote three separate articles laying foundations for most useful(atomic theory), most beautiful (relativity)and most unworldly(quantum mechanics) scientific theories.

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“We get into the habit of living before acquiring the habit of thinking.”

-Albert Camus

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Reality, attributes, existence,   being , becoming, ultimate world stuff, ultimate context, etc.  still belong to philosophy not science. …………………………………….. Even when practically inescapable, we can at least philosophically try to enjoy life’s existential contingency and absurdity. Again a practical approach! ……………………………………..

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“All scientific thinking is just a derivative and rigidified form of philosophical
thinking. Philosophy never arises from or through science. Philosophy can never
belong to the same order as the sciences. It belongs to a higher order, and not just
“logically” as it were or in a table of the system of sciences. Philosophy stands in a
completely different domain and rank of spiritual Dasein.”
–Martin Heidegger

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“There is but one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide. Judging whether life is or is not worth living amounts to answering the fundamental question of philosophy.”
-Albert Camus

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“A novel is never anything but a philosophy put into images.”

-Albert Camus

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We still wonder about our  own position in the spectrum of existence.

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Man is a contextualizing creature.
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Man attempts to understand himself with reference to within and without.
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A quest for meaning sets apart man from other biological species.

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Man is not content with what he is; instead he strives towards “what he can be” by exploiting  the natural “cause-effect” axiom to its full utility.

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Human restlessness for meaning ,at least in part, manifests itself as a journey from primordial caves to modern skyscrapers.
……………………………………..
Modern epistemological approaches like  positivism, scepticism, deconstruction, scientism, postmodernism, etc.   have reduced traditional phenomenological context of reality to a psychological one.
……………………………………..

The essence of meaning has gradually been lost to the definitions of meaning.
……………………………………..
In modern epistemologies , reality is  replaced by theory, map by territory and  ‘being’ by ‘attribute’.
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In modern epistemologies , nature in its entirety is a mere symbol.

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Every epiphenomenon happening in the membrane of space time reminds us of symbolic noumenon.

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Noumenon is something that exists independently of human sense. Phenomenon is an object of the senses.
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“We rise from the conception of form to an understanding of the forces which gave rise to it”.

  • Wentworth Thompson
    …………………………………………

Philosophy is too important to be left to the philosophers.


It’s actually one’s inner rebel that needs mystery to go beyond life’s mechanical burdens and hence bothers on the nature of self and existence.
—————————————–
“The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.” -Stephen Hawking


………………………………………
We should wonder how much in number and peculiarity can be ideas emerging from philosophy, science and mathematics.

…………………………………………

“Whatever exists as the ultimate, uncaused reality is neither probable nor improbable. It just is.”

 
Keith Parsons
 

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We are such forms of disequilibrium who need  the meaning (why and what ) of their own origin.

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With a large enough chance, any unlikely thing is likely to happen.

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A jackpot winner shouldn’t wonder why she won.

……………………………………..
Helio-centrism and Darwinism  removed humans from the physical center of their universe.

……………………………………..

One should know about physics,  cosmology, biology and other sciences  to construct a coherent worldview.

……………………………………..

Science is the only cognitive authority in the world today.

……………………………………..

No matter how well confirmed scientific  theories they are always provisional—open to change in light of new evidence.

……………………………………..

Theoretical musings and introspection are no substitute for hard-won empirical evidence.

……………………………………..

Science is daily confirmed by the wonders of the technology it spawns.

……………………………………..

If we need the best knowledge of ourselves and our world that we have, out best choice would be the knowledge provided by modern science.

……………………………………..

Both cosmology and biology  have important things to say about the meaning of life.

……………………………………..

What we know shouldn’t be confused with what we do not know.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

Our universe began about 13.81 billion years ago. The discovery is  a testimony to the power of science.

…………………………………………

Sometimes we believe without any proof just to comfort and console ourselves.
……………………………………..

“The hardest thing to explain is the glaringly evident which everybody has decided not to see.” ― Ayn Rand

……………………………………..

“The human mind evolved to believe in the gods. It did not evolve to believe in biology. ”

– Edward Wilson

Liberalism is the sum total of democracy, free markets, human rights and social responsibility.
…………………………………………
Supporters of Trump and Brexit think that liberalism should stop at the border.
……………………………………..
Capitalism is an engine of change.
 
……………………………………..
Capitalism  has produced better art and culture.
 
…………………………………….

Socioeconomic politics has been coupled to a fast changing and hence unpredictable data-driven technology.
Government no longer leads the country, but merely manages it.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
When people discovered/acknowledged ignorance, scientific road to progress opened.
…………………………………………
Nowadays thinkers, politicians and even economists want to replace GDP with GDH – gross domestic happiness. After all, production is only the means, not the end.

…………………………………………
China’s domestic politics is not liberal.
…………………………………………
China pretends to be liberal just to  invite free trade and international cooperation.
…………………………………………
Today’s Russia has no  political ideology. By manufacturing crises, an oligarchy survives here.

…………………………………………

Russia is one of the most unequal countries in the world.

…………………………………………

Liberalism seems to be the last resort to any social system.

…………………………………………

A toiling mob can at least exercise their worth ,if not heroism, via predictable local nationalist and supernatural beliefs! Uncertain scientific liberalism is alien to them. Without pampering science memes, politicians can’t fully politicize the story of liberalism !

……………………………………

Human happiness depends less on objective conditions and more on subjective expectations.

…………………………………………

Donald Trump blended American isolationism with a promise to ‘Make America Great Again’.

…………………………………………

Nostalgic memes  associated with nations or supernatural myths are flaring in India, USA and UK. Without pampering science memes, politicians can’t fully politicize the story of liberalism!

…………………………………………

According to Obama, most humans never enjoyed greater peace or prosperity than they did under the twenty-first century liberalism!

…………………………………………

For the first time in history, infectious diseases kill fewer people than old age, famine kills fewer people than obesity, and violence kills fewer people than accidents.

…………………………………………

Liberalism reconciled the proletariat with the bourgeoisie, the faithful with the atheists, the natives with the immigrants, and the Europeans with the Asians by promising everybody a larger slice of the pie.

…………………………………………

Poltical liberalism prefers constitutional changes to revolution.

…………………………………………

Economical liberalism represents the  free competition in a self-regulating market.

…………………………………………

With a constantly growing pie,Liberalism can promise everybody a larger slice of the pie. It is an unfortunate paradox that the same unbriddled economic growth invites ecological and technological disruption.We need an updated story for the world.

…………………………………………

Political memes of futurity might incorporate artificial intelligence, Big Data algorithms and bioengineering into a new meaningful narrative.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

The prospect of mass unemployment leaves nobody indifferent.

…………………………………………

——-
Masses suspect that most fashionable terms – globalisation, blockchain, genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, machine learning are not about them.
…………………………………………
Though the liberal story was the story of ordinary people,  masses fear irrelevance.

…………………………………………

————-
Our generation demands a firm ethical ground in an algorithm-dictated world suspecting all supernatural myths and social ideologies.

…………………………………………

After fascism and communism collapsed, now liberalism is losing credibility.
…………………………………………

The merger of infotech and biotech might oppose the welfare state ( a government that undertakes responsibility for the welfare of its citizens through programs in public health and public housing and pensions and unemployment compensation etc.).

…………………………………………

Mankinds are a story by nature. We think in stories rather than in facts, numbers or equations.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………

To exist is to maintain a story. Before artificial intelligence and biotechnology fall in the invisible hand of the market we have to decide about the meaning of life to invent our story – our cultural shelter.

…………………………………………

Liberalism tells us to protect human rights, to grant everybody the vote, to establish free markets, and to let individuals, ideas and goods move throughout the world as easily as possible.

…………………………………………

Feudalism, monarchism and traditional supernaturalism were not suitable for steam engines, railroads and electricity. Humankind had to develop new models – liberal democracies, communist dictatorships and fascist regimes. The experiment is not yet over.

…………………………………………

The future economy might make us irrelevant even as consumers! Web page designers cater to the taste of the Google search algorithm rather than to the taste of any human being!

…………………………………………

Taking care of a child is the most important and challenging job in the world!
…………………………………………

The model of universal basic income focuses on providing for people’s basic needs and protecting their social status and self-worth.

…………………………………………

UBI ( universal basic income) proposes that governments tax the billionaires and corporations controlling the algorithms and robots, and use the money to provide every person with a generous stipend covering his or her basic needs. This will cushion the poor against job loss and economic dislocation, while protecting the rich from populist rage.

…………………………………………

Universal basic income is the capitalist paradise! Universal basic services  is the communist paradise!

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

In politics, liberalism believes that the voter’s feelings matter most. In economics, liberalism maintains that the customer decides everything. In personal matters, liberalism encourages people to listen to themselves  while respecting the liberties of others.

…………………………………………

‘There is no such thing as society. There is [a] living tapestry of men and women … and the quality of our lives will depend upon how much each of us is prepared to take responsibility for ourselves.’ –

Thatcher (First woman prime minister)

…………………………………………

Democracy assumes that an illiterate maid also has free will, hence on election day her feelings – represented by her vote – count just as much as anybody else’s.

…………………………………………

Just as the ancient villagers of the Nile Basin redirected some of their loyalty from local clans to a much bigger kingdom that was able to restrain the dangerous river, so in the nuclear age a global community gradually developed over and above the various nations, because only such a community could restrain the nuclear demon.

…………………………………………

Our best scientific estimates indicate that unless we cut the emission of greenhouse gasses in the next twenty years, average global temperatures will increase by more than 2°C, 8 resulting in expanding deserts, disappearing ice caps, rising oceans and more frequent extreme weather events such as hurricanes and typhoons. These changes in turn will disrupt agricultural production, inundate cities, make much of the world uninhabitable, and send hundreds of millions of refugees in search of new homes. Since there is no national answer to the problem of global warming, some nationalist politicians prefer to believe the problem does not exist.

…………………………………………

Existing societies, even in the past,  were never  the right framework to manage the most important challenges of the age. …………………………………………

We now have a global ecology, a global economy and a global science – but we are still stuck with only national politics.

…………………………………………

Human power depends on mass cooperation and mass cooperation depends on manufacturing mass identities. So we should be proud of our species to have a united planet.
…………………………………………

Nuclear war, ecological collapse and technological disruption are global problems. But nationalism and supernaturalism still divide our human civilisation into different hostile camps.

…………………………………………

The collision between global problems and local identities besets the greatest multicultural experiment on the planet – the European Union.

…………………………………………

Terrorism, a psychological hijacking of the private imagination of millions of individuals, is now globally politicized.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Einstein’s thought experiments with imaginary scenarios led to his revolutionary ideas about space and time.
…………………………………………


…………………………………………

……………………………………..
Ideas are survival tools like hammers and knives invented by social groups of individuals to combat existential paradoxes like storms, floods, earthquakes, fire, hunger, pain, battles, treachery , absurdity, meaninglessness, internal loneliness, etc.

…………………………………………
It is not any platonic  logic but  human need that spawns ideas.
…………………………………………
Ideas are not immutable  and they need to adapt to survive.

…………………………………………
Both science and philosophy attempt to explain why the world is the way it is.

…………………………………………
Philosophy might be the most sublime existential instrumentalism  we can happily be the slave to.

…………………………………………
Science is an invitation to listen to a story that explains the world in a way nothing else will.

…………………………………………
There is no faith without risk . A wrong faith can destroy the meaning of one’s life. Only doubt can tackle such risks.

…………………………………………
Both language and reason are “socially constructed” and just  tools for power.
…………………………………………

For every myth there is an equal and opposite myth.

…………………………………………

Natural selection preserves  inferences that reach truth.
…………………………………………

Part of what it means to be human is to try new experiences.
…………………………………………
Truth about our human condition is subject to linguistic limitations.

…………………………………………

Too much light distracts us from minding our ultimate address -the starry space.

…………………………………………
Too much light literally clouds our view of the cosmos above.
…………………………………………
Astronomical bodies  float amid an inky and icy void the mere thought of which washes away one’s worries.

…………………………………………

Without survival concerns, we are  free to wonder. What hidden  machinery produces the perceived reality? What is the point of existence? Are we contingent or inevitable extensions of the physical universe? Perhaps we will never arrive at a conclusion no matter how much we ponder. Such ruminations remind us of the intrinsic value of staring into the cosmos by broadening our life-enriching imagination.To imagine is to liberate oneself from the limited physicality of existence.
…………………………………………
The universe’s endless expanse is a windfall prerequisite for the emergence of life.
…………………………………………

There is a certain liberation in belonging to the universe, in being insignificant or nonexistent.

…………………………………………

The mundane burden people face is but a microscopic speck in the grander scheme of things.
…………………………………………

Reminding ourselves of our trivial existence gives us solace.
…………………………………………

The rat race to pursue status and power leaves no moment to ponder the cosmos and experience its vastness. We can’t believe that it feels good to feel small,
to belong to infinity.
…………………………………………

The smoke signal using the visual spectrum  of fundamental EM field disturbance  was the oldest communication technology to transmit a message as far away as 750 kilometres in just a few hours.
……………………………………..
From bone to satellite. From smoke to internet.
……………………………………..
Internet revolution was directed more by engineers than by political parties.
…………………………………………
A blockchain is an encrypted ledger transacted and shared online.
…………………………………………
Future governments have to wait humbly for an algorithm to approve a budget or a new tax reform.
…………………………………………
Blockchain networks and cryptocurrencies like bitcoin might need a tax on information.
…………………………………………
Machine learning and robotics will change almost every line of work – from making yoghurt to teaching yoga. The better we understand the biochemical mechanisms, the better computers can become in analysing human behaviour, predicting human decisions, and replacing human drivers, bankers and lawyers.
…………………………………………
A poor villager in an underdeveloped country might come to enjoy far better healthcare via her smartphone than the richest person in the world gets today from the most advanced urban hospital.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
No remaining human job will ever be safe from the threat of future automation, because machine learning and robotics will continue to improve.
…………………………………………
Change is always stressful, and the the volatility of the job market has produced a global epidemic of stress.
…………………………………………

Yuval Noah Harari’s “Sapiens” narrates how an insignificant ape became the ruler of planet Earth. “Homo Deus” speculates about future. “21 Lessons for the 21st Century” warns everybody that the future of humanity might be decided in their absence while none will be exempt from the consequences.
…………………………………………

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..……………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………

…………………………………..

Science is daily confirmed by the wonders of the technology it spawns.

……………………………………..

If we need the best knowledge of ourselves and our world that we have, out best choice would be the knowledge provided by modern science.

……………………………………..

Both cosmology and biology  have important things to say about the meaning of life.

……………………………………..

What we know shouldn’t be confused with what we do not know.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

Our universe began about 13.81 billion years ago. The discovery is  a testimony to the power of science.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
When people discovered/acknowledged ignorance, scientific road to progress opened.
…………………………………………

……………………………………..

In an entropically dying universe, our most sacred duty is to figure out how to get out of this self-destructive trap and to spread ourselves into (naturally/artificiality born)  newer and newer universes if possible. This is feasible only in a world of maximum knowledge and maximum love.

……………………………………..

 

Whenever we assume something that exists in reality, we actually presume  a

map/meme/ model of reality. If all models are wrong, we should be ashamed to fundamentalist!

……………………………………..

 

Our memetic maps of  reality are never wrong but limited to  their area of applicability. Even Ptolemy’s geocentric astronomy helped to predict positions of the celestial bodies efficiently. Copernicus’s heliocentric model  just generalized such predictions. Newton’s gravity or Einstein’s spacetime curvature gave more and more general maps of our cosmic reality. There is no limit to such generalization until we  know the ultimate nature of reality (theory of everything ?).

 

……………………………………..

Our science teachers should expose our kids to all the  fascinating ideas (emerging from current scientific researches) solely for the sake of sparking imagination. We need scientists for the survival of our species in an indifferent , mechanical universe.

……………………………………..

Science, as well as literature, is a celebration of humanity.
……………………………………..
A man should be proud of his ability to understand the reality he belongs to.
…………………………………………

Scientific theories like big bang or evolution reject our long-cherished (often inherited ) conceits to put us in our proper place.
……………………………………..
“The history of the Universe has been summed up thusly: ‘Hydrogen is a light, odorless gas, which, given enough time, turns into people.”
-John P. Wiley Jr.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………

“Science is the one human activity that is totally progressive.”

-Edwin Hubble

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

 

…………………………………………

 

Consciousness can be experienced  only from within.

 

…………………………………………

We still don’t know how quantum mechanics is related to observation.

 

…………………………………………

There are some mysteries science may never be able to solve.

…………………………………………

 

There might be no “Theory of Everything” to explain the entire universe.

…………………………………………

 

“We believe that the world is knowable: that there are simple rules governing the behavior of matter and the evolution of the universe. We affirm that there are eternal, objective, extra-historical, socially-neutral, external and universal truths. The assemblage of these truths is what we call science, and the proof of our assertion lies in the pudding of its success. Just give us enough time, and there are no problems that science cannot solve.”

-Sheldon Glashow

…………………………………………

 

………………………………………..
If the electric repulsion between protons were just a bit stronger, then our familiar atoms, and hence chemistry, and hence life itself, could not apparently exist.

…………………………………………
We might be the product of design, coincidence, multiverse or evolution.
…………………………………………

Some particular properties of the universe keep up our very existence as living, conscious beings.
…………………………………………

A man is an arrangement of dust on one small planet out of billions of trillions in a universe, which might again be one of many universes.

…………………………………………
Only a thinking man gives meaning to an otherwise nonexistent universe.
…………………………………………

No ‘right now across the universe’ exists.
…………………………………………
“Everything we do in science is conditioned by the way we look at the world and the way we look at the world is necessarily limited.”
-Marcelo Gleiser, a theoretical physicist
…………………………………………
We can never look at the universe from the “outside.”

…………………………………………
Consciousness can be experienced only from within.

…………………………………………
We still don’t know how quantum mechanics is related to observation.

…………………………………………
There are some mysteries science may never be able to solve.
…………………………………………

There might be no “Theory of Everything” to explain the entire universe.
…………………………………………

“We believe that the world is knowable: that there are simple rules governing the behavior of matter and the evolution of the universe. We affirm that there are eternal, objective, extra-historical, socially-neutral, external and universal truths. The assemblage of these truths is what we call science, and the proof of our assertion lies in the pudding of its success. Just give us enough time, and there are no problems that science cannot solve.”
-Sheldon Glashow
…………………………………………

……………………………………..

“The unexamined life is not worth living.” – Socrates

……………………………………..

Science i.e. natural philosophy started with wondering about the origin and nature of the world.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

 

…………………………………………
Science is an invitation to listen to a story that explains the world in a way nothing else will.

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

Too much specialization stifles creativity.
……………………………………..

Fragmented disciplines can’t explain world’s messy complexity.
……………………………………..
Progress demands martyrdom.

……………………………………..

……………………………………..
Genius thrived in the Renaissance because of creation and dissemination of knowledge.
……………………………………..

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

……………………………………..

“One might say science is the sum total of our knowledge of the universe, the great library of the known, but the practice of science happens at the border between the known and the unknown. Standing on the shoulders of giants, we peer into the darkness with eyes opened not in fear, but in wonder.”

– Professor Brian Cox

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

“The most beautiful experience we can have is the mysterious — the fundamental emotion which stands at the cradle of true art and true science.”
— Albert Einstein
…………………………………………
Science works because nature is always and everywhere logical.
…………………………………………
“Strange structures like us exist because nature is democratic to all physical possibilities.”


Meme Updater
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Scientists’ typical  virtues like  independence, ambition and objectivity prevent them to support a mission of advancing society.
…………………………………………
Objectivity allows people to reduce bias when they collect and assess data.
…………………………………………
In the pursuit of objectivity, science shouldn’t lose its heart.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Science is becoming more and more  socially aware, equitable and just.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
“Equipped with his five senses, man explores the universe around him and calls the adventure Science. “

  •  Edwin Powell Hubble
    …………………………………………
    Science is the sharpest arrow in the quiver of liberalism.
    …………………………………………
    Science sits at the intersection of three things — the data, the discussions and the math.
    …………………………………………
    To do science is the ONE thing we can do such that by doing it everything else would be easier, if not unnecessary.
    …………………………………………
    Kids who don’t understand science become adults who don’t understand science.
    ……………………………………..
    The first philosopher and scientist Thales first used non-mythical (water) explanations behind natural phenomena. The tradition still continues.
    Water>Atom>Fields>Strings>Holography>Entanglements> Miniature wormholes>?
    …………………………………………
    Change (information)  in the field(reality) is quantisation(existence).The effect (transmission) is identical to measurement ( observation). Changes persist and get braided into cosmos, life and consciousness. The very process of  braiding is called ‘evolution’.
    ……………………………………..
    All branches of knowledge should be put together to take the deepest dip into reality.
    ……………………………………..

 
“It surprises me how disinterested we are today about things like physics, space, the universe and philosophy of our existence, our purpose, our final destination.” -Stephen Hawking

 
……………………………………..
The grandest existential question I can ask  is  where  I come from.
……………………………………..
The  entire history of the Universe  up to our existence can be written in just one sentence at the cost of data and grammar .
…………………………………………
Our increasing awareness of a brutal  objectivity implied by the cutting edge ‘natural philosophy’  (academically called ‘Science’) encourages us to cement life’s bonds as well as  to unfetter our fate from the cruelly indifferent natural system we belong to.
…………………………………………
Natural things remind us of our own   existentially objective groundedness.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Who will wonder about the wonderful mystery we are part of , if not our kids?
We need imaginary models to explain the mystery we are part of. Without such imaginary models we can’t touch or tackle or tame or even talk about this mystery. Today’s contradictory models are actually different facets of future’s wider models.
…………………………………………
“Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.”

  • Carl Sagan
    …………………………………………

…………………………………………
Existence is a dark den. Assumptions are the breaches to peep through. Standard model is the most practical  assumption hitherto.
…………………………………………
Reality is stranger than fiction. Cutting edge scientific ansatzs are queerer than our weirdest fairy tales and can boost our kids’ imaginative power.
…………………………………………

A new theory is a new angle of looking at the world.
…………………………………………

Cosmology deals with the universe’s origin, structure and evolution.
…………………………………………
Truth is a linguistic translation of ‘the survival of interpretation’.
…………………………………………

Scientific theories are intellectual adventures undertaken by the smartest people on earth.
…………………………………………

………………………………………… “The realization that life is absurd cannot be an end, but only a beginning. This is a truth nearly all great minds have taken as their starting point.” -Albert Camus ………………………………………… …………………………………………

Change is the only constant.
…………………………………………

……………………………………..

“The notion of time order is not predefined. Time does not exist out there independent of our experiments.”
-Magdalena Zych
……………………………………..
Perhaps chicken and egg come simultaneously because of superpositions of quantum states: before it is measured, a quantum system can be in a number of possible states at once.
……………………………………..

…………………………………………

Physics at the outset is philosophy, at the core is mathematics and in between is symbolic.
…………………………………………

“God made the integers, all the rest is the work of man.”

  • Kronecker

…………………………………………
…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
…………………………………………

Even biological or cultural systems obtain their behaviors from the physics of the expanding universe.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
…………………………………………

Quantum field theory accounts for everything in the Universe except gravity. On the other hand, General Relativity explains the relationship between matter/energy and space/time, and describes what we experience as gravitation.

…………………………………………

Gravitational potential is always
negative.
…………………………………………
Gravitational field is the negative derivative of the field with respect to
displacement.
…………………………………………
The potential being zero and the field non-zero makes sense only if a point is at an infinite distance from the source of gravity.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Since we expend energy to
separate things against the gravitational force pulling them
together, the gravitational field has negative energy.

…………………………………………
If all of the positive energy in the universe equals all of the negative energy, the origin of the energy is a ‘free lunch’. We can take “zero” energy to split it into equal
amounts of positive energy and negative energy.
…………………………………………
All the energy in the universe started from the bigbang singlarity as heat, all the energy in the universe will end as heat(cosmic heat death).
…………………………………………
Emily Noether showed that conservation laws come from symmetries.
…………………………………………

The conservation of energy (“Energy  cannot be crested or destroyed”) , represents the time symmetry.

…………………………………………

Perhaps quantum fluctuations  triggered the zero energy to create
something i.e. to split into two opposite halves.
…………………………………………

To say “energy didn’t come from anywhere” would be to deny that “every action has an equal and opposite reaction”.

…………………………………………
The zero total energy of the universe includes mass as a positive contribution to energy and gravitational energy as negative.
…………………………………………

The Universe could have been created  from Nothing if no energy was needed in the first place.

…………………………………………

Perhaps the universe is really, “Much ado about nothing.”

…………………………………………

Our universe might be a subset of a larger reality where the rules are so  different that creating a universe of energy is a self-evident inevitability.
The amount of positive mass energy is balanced by negative gravitational  energy in the expansion of space. Since the total energy of the universe is 0, no energy was actually created.
…………………………………………
According to quantum field theory,  the universe is the manifestation of the potential energy of a scalar field which was concentrated in a singular point in the so called quantum vacuum,but science is silent about the origin of this scalar field.
…………………………………………
Einstein and George Gamow were
crossing a street, when Gamow just commented that maybe gravity could
be considered “negative” energy, in some sense.   Einstein was so
enthralled by the new idea that he stopped in the middle of the street to
mull this over.    Gamow had to stop traffic while Einstein pondered this.
…………………………………………
Antoine Lavoisier , the chemist,  first  stated the law of conservation of mass :
“We may lay it down as an incontestible axiom, that, in all the operations of art and nature, nothing is created; an equal quantity of matter exists both before and after the experiment; the quality and quantity of the elements remain precisely the same; and nothing takes place beyond changes and modifications in the combination of these elements.”

…………………………………………

Our very existence is the proof of a positive value for the total mass-energy of the universe.
…………………………………………
The origin of a universe with totally positive energy means a violation of the law of energy conservation. The positive mass-energy of every particle
might be cancelled by the negative potential energy of that particle’s associated gravitational field, creating what is known as the zero-energy universe .

…………………………………………
Within the context of general relativity, any non-zero energy density is
associated with a non-zero gravitational field, and such an attractive field, in turn, possesses a negative value for its potential energy.
…………………………………………
In Edward Tyron’s cosmological model, the positive mass-energy of every particle is cancelled by the negative potential energy of that particle’s associated gravitational field, creating an asymptotically “flat”  zero-energy universe .
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
A quantum is the minimum amount of any physical entity involved in an interaction.

…………………………………………

A photon is a single quantum of light referred to as light quantum. A photon is quantised EM field.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Since energy is not a ‘thing’, we cannot say that energy is made of something.
…………………………………………

Energy is a property of

everything that exists.

…………………………………………
A photon has energy that can be transferred.
…………………………………………

Since energy is not a ‘thing’, it cannot be created or destroyed, but can be transformed.
…………………………………………
Mass is not made of anything.

…………………………………………
Mass is a form of energy.
…………………………………………

‘The energy of the interaction’(non-thing) between ‘quarks and gluons’(things/fields) is what gives protons and neutrons their mass (non-thing).

…………………………………………

‘The energy of the interaction’(non-thing) between ‘quarks and gluons’(things/fields) is released when stable atomic nuclei with less binding energy are produced via  fission or fusion.

…………………………………………

Our sun  produces energy via fusion of hydrogen(4 separate protons) into helium( a nucleus of 2 protons & 2 neutrons).

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Objects / things may have energy and mass, but they are not energy or mass.

…………………………………………

Physics says that energy can’t be destroyed, but it is silent about what happens to energy when the universe dies and nothing is left.

…………………………………………

Physics says that Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it is silent about how it came about in
the first place.
…………………………………………
Non-things like energy or mass cannot be created or destroyed.

…………………………………………

Perhaps the total energy in the universe is zero. If we take all the positive energy(carried by standard model particles except gravitons)
and add it with an equal amount of negative(gravitational) energy, we will get zero.

…………………………………………

 
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
A Sapiens needs just 1,500–2,500 calories per day in order to survive.
…………………………………………
Internal energy may be stored in a number of ways (degrees of freedom) within a substance.
…………………………………………
There is one energy and it can be seen as kinetic or potential or even as both at the same time.
……………………………………….
Potential and kinetic energies are not physically different. They are perceived by us as difererent because we see one as a function of the separation, and the other as a funcion of the velocity.In both cases the energy is proporional to the mass of both bodies.

 
…………………………………………

 
There is one energy and it can be seen as kinetic or potential or even as both at the same time.

 
…………………………………………

The Hamiltonian (T+U) gives us the total energy, but the Lagrangian (T-U) tells us how the energy is distributed between kinetic and potential, with a maximum when potential is low and a minimum when it is high.

 
…………………………………………

…………………………………………

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

Happiness ( yes, meaningful one)  blesses us only when we see life in its entirety as an anthropically  worthwhile adventure. People who identify happiness with fleeting pleasant sensations stay lifelong slaves to those biochemical algorithms.

…………………………………………

Blind chemomechanical  algorithms can tangle themselves into incredible stuff  like  life,  organs, plants, people, etc.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Our instinctive virtues and vices are actually autonomous algorithms (mechanistically blind evolutionary plugins) that help us survive in brutally   indifferent Darwinian struggle.

…………………………………………

Norman Margolus and Tommaso Toffoli coined ‘computronium’ for any “programmable matter”.

……………………………………..

‘Computronium’ is a theoretical arrangement of matter that is computationally  most capable for that amount of matter. Our consciousness might be a sort of ‘instant computronium state’ of our co-ordinated body. It is not binary but varies within range allowed by Tegmarkian network -the fundamental censorship constraining chaos as well as  abracadabra.

……………………………………..


It is baffling to speculate what our species can achieve with artificial intelligence.
…………………………………………

It is baffling to speculate how far  artificial intelligence can go.
…………………………………………

A recent 3D simulation of the universe using  neural networks of AI monitoring how stuff interacts in space  is eerily  more accurate than traditional computer models.The creators of this AI wonder how it is possible.
…………………………………………
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…………………………………………
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
An algorithm is a set of instructions taking inputs and generating outputs.
…………………………………………
Every cooking recipe is an algorithm.
…………………………………………
Algorithm is a formal description of steps required to achieve some goal.
…………………………………………
Flow Chart  is a  diagram  representing an algorithm.
…………………………………………
An algorithm is a self-contained sequence of actions to be performed. …………………………………………
Algorithms are more like verbs than like nouns.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Only in the last few centuries did the source of authority shift from celestial deities to flesh-and-blood humans. Soon authority might shift again – from humans to algorithms.
…………………………………………
Feelings are biochemical algorithms honed through millions of years of evolution to quickly calculate probabilities of survival and reproduction.
…………………………………………
Feelings of sexual attraction arise when other biochemical algorithms calculate that a nearby individual offers a high probability of successful mating, social bonding, or some other coveted goal.
…………………………………………
Moral feelings such as outrage, guilt or forgiveness derive from neural mechanisms that evolved to enable group cooperation.
…………………………………………
Feelings are originally evolutionary rationality.
…………………………………………
Our feeling was the best method in the universe for deciding what to study, who to marry, and which party to vote for. Soon computer algorithms could give you better counsel than human feelings.
…………………………………………
The most important medical decisions rely on the calculations of computers which understand our bodies much better than we do.
…………………………………………
The world might not be a playground of autonomous individuals struggling to make the right choices.
…………………………………………
The universe is a flow of data.
…………………………………………
Organisms are little more than biochemical algorithms.
…………………………………………
Humanity’s cosmic vocation is to create an all-encompassing data-processing system – and then merge into it.
…………………………………………
We are tiny chips inside a giant data-processing system absorbing and processing countless data bits through emails, tweets and articles.
Chips don’t have time to find out where they fit into the great scheme of things, because they are too busy answering all these emails.
…………………………………………
What was good for survival and reproduction in the African savannah a million years ago does not necessarily make for responsible behaviour on twenty- first-century motorways. Distracted, angry and anxious human drivers kill more than a million people in traffic accidents every year.
…………………………………………
The politicians have an illusion of choice, while the really important decisions have already been made much earlier by the economists, bankers and business people who shaped the different options in the menu. Similarly , AI might decide human choices .
…………………………………………
Collective nature of biological systems helps groups of different, error-prone actors variously succeed and fail at processing information together.
…………………………………………
Most biological systems are all made up of interacting components with only partly overlapping interests.
…………………………………………
Most biological systems are noisy information processors dealing with noisy signals.
…………………………………………
Nature can solve problems and patterns can spontaneously come from, and everything seems uncannily organized.
…………………………………………
Although quantum fields began as a mathematical construct, they are the most predictable of all theories.
…………………………………………
All physical systems extract energy and do work.
…………………………………………
Adaptive systems are influenced by information processing.
…………………………………………
Adaptive systems extract energy more efficiently even though it has to expend a little extra energy to do the information processing.
…………………………………………
Adaptive systems utilize the noisy process of looking out at the world, and discovering the regularities.
…………………………………………
An adaptive system produces an output, and it might be a good output for the environment or it might not. And then over time it hopefully gets better and better.
…………………………………………
Nature can win a victory over subjectivity in information processing through collective computation.
…………………………………………
Every human decision is a collective computation of roughly 86 billion neurons.
…………………………………………
The dimension of the space is equal to the number of cells in the population.
…………………………………………
The question of robustness is potentially quite important, as the ability of information to propagate determines how much information from the periphery will reach the deeper neural structures that affect decision making and behavior.
…………………………………………
The neurons go out and semi-independently collect information about the noisy input, and that’s like neural crowdsourcing. Then they come together and come to some consensus about what the decision should be.
…………………………………………
Collective computation deals with how social systems or other biological systems go from state A to state B.
…………………………………………
Collective computation deals with how a social system goes from having a few super-powerful animals to a setup where there is less inequality.
…………………………………………
Collective computation can measure how far a system sits from the critical point for switching between different states.
…………………………………………
If big contributors join, the system moves toward the critical point.
…………………………………………
Army ants  span gaps on the forest floor by linking their own bodies into bridges. Loose groups of shoaling fish snap into tight schools to tackle  predators. Computational rules are used by  organisms to solve such problems.

 
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Flocks of birds, networks of neurons, slime molds and other biological collectives jointly process information to arrive at group behaviors.Such metric space is a social coordinate space. It’s not Euclidean.
…………………………………………
Phenomenological rules in biology emerge from microscopic ground truths.
……………………………………………………

For hundreds of thousands of years Homo sapiens lived in small groups of a few dozen people. We invented nationality to be loyal to millions of utter strangers.
…………………………………………
Tribes gradually coalesced into a single nation to exercise the power to build dams and canals, regulate the flow of the river, build grain reserves for lean years, and establish a countrywide system of transport and communication. Without nationalism , we would be living in tribal chaos (Afghanistan, Somalia, Congo and most other failed states).
…………………………………………

aCPVz= CONSTANTpARAMETERvariable.
…………………………………………
The number of degrees of freedom is the number of thermodynamic parameters such as temperature or pressure that can be varied simultaneously and arbitrarily without determining one another.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
Pure water boils at 100°C if the pressure is one atmosphere. If the pressure is lower than one atmosphere, pure water will boil at a temperature below 100°C. If the pressure is higher than one atmosphere, pure water will boil at a temperature higher than 100°C.
…………………………………………
A system consisting of water vapor in equilibrium with liquid water has only one degree of freedom. The pressure OR the temperature can be fixed. Fixing one will automatically determine the other.But a one component system like the triple point of H2O has no degrees of freedom when three phases are in equilibrium (F=0).The system is invariant.
…………………………………………
Water exists simultaneously in three states when we add ice to hot tea. At the triple point, the total amount of ice, water, and water vapor will not change without a change in temperature and/or pressure. Therefore, on average, the liquid will not freeze or evaporate, the ice will not melt or evaporate, and the water vapor will remain water vapor.At the triple point of H2O, ice, water, and steam are in equilibrium.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
The triple point of water is at 273.16 K and 612 Pa.
…………………………………………

“Art is a lie that makes us realize truth.”
-Pablo Picasso
……………………………………..
Quantum field theory is the consistent relativistic generalization of non-relativistic quantum mechanics.
…………………………………………
A quantum field is the potential for a particle to exist.
…………………………………………
Degree of freedom is the direction in which a particle can move freely provided that it does not have any constraints on it.
…………………………………………
Dynamic, interactive and open ended fields and processes are more compatible with contemporary physics, cosmology, biology and computer science, than is the Aristotelian and Newtonian substance and properties analysis of reality.

…………………………………………
The Standard Model is a quantum field theory  using three groups— SU(3) × SU(2) × U(1).

SU(3) or 3 × 3 matrices describes the strong interaction,
SU(2) or 2 × 2 matrices  describes the weak interaction,
and U(1) or  circle group of all complex numbers with an absolute value of 1 describes the electromagnetic interaction.

…………………………………………

The Standard Model , the best technical philosophy of our time, is still silent about dark matter,dark energy, matter-antimatter asymmetry and fundamental constants.
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The Standard Model is the spectrum of particles that can exist.
…………………………………………

 
Standard Model represents all of the fundamental quantum fields (except gravity) working together.
…………………………………………

Each Standard Model particle corresponds to the allowable combinations of field configurations.
…………………………………………
The neutral Higgs field  breaks the electroweak symmetry and interacts with other particles to give them mass.
…………………………………………
The Standard Model deals with  fermion fields (quarks and leptons), as well as boson fields (gluons, weak bosons, and photon), as well as the Higgs field and neutrino fields.
…………………………………………
The Standard Model in association with some fundamental constants  represents a set of symmetries  and the particular ways these symmetries break determine the spectrum of allowed particles..
…………………………………………
Our physical reality is identical to interactions among  quarks (6) , antiquarks (6), leptons(3), antileptons(3), neutrinos (3) and antineutrinos(3), gluons(8), weak bosons(3), photon(1),Higgs boson(1) and graviton (might be discoverable with colliders if we explore past the current energy frontier ).
…………………………………………
Bosons are any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle; all nuclei with an even mass number are bosons.
…………………………………………

Jeremy England’s  “dissipative adaptation,”  is just as much about language as it is about biology.
……………………………………..
Each field of science represents a typical language unto itself.

 
……………………………………..

Scientific explanations are often  just translations.
……………………………………..

 
“Red” is a translation of the phrase “620-750 nanometer wavelength.”
……………………………………..

 
“Temperature” is a translation of “the average speed of a group of particles.”
……………………………………..

 
“Gravity” is a translation of  “the geometry of spacetime.”
……………………………………..
Both a robin and a rock  obey the same physical laws. So “life” is just a translation of  “some simpler nonliving mechanism.”
……………………………………..

“To imagine a language is to imagine a form of life.”
—Ludwig Wittgenstein
……………………………………..
Large-scale impressions might  emerge from very different small-scale phenomena, like 3-D hologram  emerging from 2-D pixels of an image.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
“To suppose universal laws of nature capable of being apprehended by the mind and yet having no reason for their special forms, but standing inexplicable and irrational, is hardly a
justifiable position.”

-C S Peirce

…………………………………………

We need to accumulate facts and data to think cosmologically! So we experiment  with phenomena of subsystems of the universe!

…………………………………………
LHC deals with the Higgs, unification, strings and extra dimensions!

…………………………………………
PLANCK deals with inflationary models, multiverse and bubble collisions!

…………………………………………
FERMI and AUGER deal with lorentz invariance and spacetime discreteness!

…………………………………………
The absolute Newtonian time in quantum mechanics is incompatible with the local dynamical (space-) time in general relativity!

…………………………………………

Metric is the geometric equation of distance between two points in a particular space!

…………………………………………

Metric is the geometry of a space!

…………………………………………

The spacetime interval
(ds2 = c2Δt2 – Δx2 – Δy2 – Δz2) functions like a distance between two points/events in Minkowski’s Four-Dimensional Space-Time!

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In quantum field theories, the Minkowski metric functions like Newton’s background spacetime!

…………………………………………

Topology is a spatial property invariant under any continuous deformation.

…………………………………………

Topology is called “rubber-sheet geometry” because the objects can be stretched and contracted like rubber, but cannot be broken.

…………………………………………

Merely geometric time is not enough for modern cosmology!

…………………………………………

Modern cosmology (quantum-gravity) hints at the inclusive reality of time!

…………………………………………
Naturalism holds that existential reality is independent of our senses!

…………………………………………

Timeless naturalism holds that the
entire history of the universe exists  as a timeless whole! “Now” is as
subjective as “here”.

…………………………………………

Temporal naturalism holds that  existential reality is identical with time!

There are no timeless objects, truths, facts or laws! “Now” is as
objective as a mathematical solution!

…………………………………………

Timeless naturalism supports the block universe interpretation of general relativity!

…………………………………………

In the nineteenth century, Charles Peirce first thought that physical laws might be better described as deeply embedded but nonetheless the acquired habits of the universe!

…………………………………………

A continual renewal of the capacity for habit forming and growth implies  newer and newer physical laws with staggering possibilities for our universe!

…………………………………………

According to supersymmetric  Standard Model, a sort of supersymmetric nothingness has broken into physical laws cumulatively manifested as a physical universe!

…………………………………………

Since supersymmetry is  broken, supersymmetric particles can not be  produced in reaction of ordinary particles!

…………………………………………
The explanation of the origin of  physical laws demands some dynamics by which laws change!

…………………………………………
“Here are the laws we say; here are the laws, but how do they get to be that way in time? Maybe physics really has a historical component. ”

-Richard P. Feynman

…………………………………………

In the nineteenth century, Charles Peirce first thought that physical laws  might be created through the processes of evolution!

…………………………………………

In the nineteenth century, Charles Peirce first thought that physical laws might not be unchanging but evolves  along with the forms and structures of our temporally evolving cosmos!

…………………………………………

In the nineteenth century, Charles Peirce first thought that physical laws

might not apply to everything for all time!

…………………………………………

Perhaps physical laws didn’t pre-date the universe!

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“The consciousness of a
general idea has a certain
‘unity of the ego’ in it,
which is identical when it
passes from one mind to
another. It is, therefore,
quite analogous to a
person, and indeed, a
person is only a particular
kind of general idea.”

-Charles Peirce

…………………………………………
“Looking out of my window
this lovely spring morning I
see an azalea in full bloom.
No, no! I do not see that;
though that is the only way
I can describe what I see.
That is a proposition, a
sentence, a fact; but what I
perceive is not proposition,
sentence, fact, but only an
image which I make
intelligible in part by
means of a statement of
fact. This statement is
abstract; but what I see is
concrete.”

-Charles Peirce

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…………………………………………

According to Smolin, nature has been unreasonably mathematised  by theoretical physicists!

…………………………………………

Galileo first discovered that falling bodies follow a simple mathematical curve!

…………………………………………

Newton first showed that the same force propels falling apples along Galileo’s ‘mathematical curve’ and the earth along its orbit around the sun! Since then we have been unreasonably worshipping our mundane universe like some timeless and  platonic mathematical curve!

…………………………………………

According to Smolin’s new book “Time Reborn”,  the laws of physics are not  final, fixed and immutable, but  evolve over time!
…………………………………………
In a universe of time and evolution, nothing stays  fixed, immutable, and unchanging!

…………………………………………


According to a book named “Time Reborn” by Lee Smolin, time is the most real thing that can be.

…………………………………………

When one tries to express quantum mechanics in ordinary language, the resultant statements defy common sense! ‘Non-local interaction’ between quantum (sub-atomic) particles has no classical analogue!

…………………………………………

Smolin professionally works on “loop quantum gravity.”

…………………………………………

“People like us, who believe in physics, know that the distinction between past, present and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion.”

-Einstein

…………………………………………

Most theoretical physicists believe that time is an illusion- a sort of subjective emergence!
…………………………………………
According to Smolin, mathematical  timelessness is alien to our physical reality! Smolin thinks that gravity can be unified with quantum mechanics if time is fundamentally and objectively real!

…………………………………………

Smolin thinks that a statement must be comprehensible enough to be true!

…………………………………………

Smolin thinks that physicists are too overwhelmed by the eternal  truths of  mathematics (timelessness of equations/geometric relations) to accept the reality of time!

…………………………………………

Smolin thinks that most physicists

mistake merely memetic models(mathematics) for reality!

…………………………………………

According to Smolin, mathematical  timelessness is alien to our physical reality!

…………………………………………

Timelessness, though a feature of mathematics, might not be a feature of our physical universe!

…………………………………………

“Either the world is in essence mathematical or it lives in time.”

-Lee Smolin

…………………………………………

Mathematics deals with the figments of our imagination ( numbers, curves, etc.), whereas physics deals with things that really exist!

…………………………………………

According to Smolin, physical laws should be immune to  the metaphysical fantasy of transcendence from our mundane existence!

…………………………………………

Lee Smolin believes  in neither string theory nor in mainstream quantum mechanics. He attempts to discover(or invent?) an alternative  atomic theory.
…………………………………………
Lee Smolin’s  books  include The Trouble with Physics (2006) and Time Reborn (2013).

 
…………………………………………
“Only dead fish swim with the stream.”

  • Malcolm Muggeridge
    …………………………………………
    Smolin’s books  are basic enough for high-school science students to grasp.

 
…………………………………………
Smolin acknowledges that the quantum mechanics gave a far better  account of the atomic world  than  ‘classical’ theories.

 
…………………………………………
The mathematics of quantum mechanics had arrived before physicists began to interpret it.

 
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People like Maxwell ,Einstein and Smolin (part natural philosopher, part theoretical physicist ) can’t help  speculating  on the fundamental meanings of space, time, reality or  existence.

 
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Like Einstein, Smolin thinks that we inhabit a real deterministic world whose  existence is independent of observations.This view is incompatible with the wavelike quantum probability awaiting an observer enjoying a definite outcome.

 
…………………………………………

 
Smolin delves into modern interpretations of quantum mechanics, only to dismiss them.

 
…………………………………………

 
Smolin’s ansatz applies to both quantum mechanics and space-time.
…………………………………………

 
Smolin’s time is irreversible and fundamental.
…………………………………………
In Smolin’s time, events are too basic to be explained in terms of more basic processes.

 
…………………………………………
Unlike Smolin’s time, Smolin’s space is not fundamental.
…………………………………………

 
Smolin’s space emerges from something more basic processes.
…………………………………………
Before the eyes of sceptics like Smolin, a lot of revolutionary ideas about space and time are emerging from a union of the standard quantum mechanics and relativity.
…………………………………………

 
Conservative quantum field theory is a descendant of Maxwell’s theory of electricity and magnetism.
…………………………………………

 
Experiments have revealed no juicy interpretations concerning the inner workings of atoms for some 20 years.

 
…………………………………………
Although quantum mechanics can’t tickle the fancy of the philosophically minded, it has proved to be a super reliable tool for experimentalists.

 
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In Smolin’s speculation, all of the parts of the universe are linked across both space and time in a similar way.
…………………………………………
In Smolin’s speculation, the laws of physics evolve over the history of the universe.
…………………………………………
In Smolin’s cosmological natural selection, black holes are cosmic eggs to hatch new universes.
…………………………………………

 
Smolin’s principle of precedence is  about the emergence of the laws of quantum mechanics.
…………………………………………

Smolin’s principle of precedence arises as an answer to the question of why physical phenomena are reproducible.

 
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Though we simply attribute consistent outcomes to the action of a natural “law” that acts the same way at all times, Smolin suspects that those laws evolves over time, as quantum systems copy the ‘past behavior’ or  ‘precedent’ of similar systems.
…………………………………………
Smolin’s ‘raw’ laws emerge from the initial random responses. The rule of  response gets strengthened and  predictable if precedence builds up.

 
…………………………………………
Smolin’s conception of space as a fundamental thing is as absurd as saying that air is more fundamental than atoms.
…………………………………………

“The lesson of general relativity, again and again, is the triumph of relationalism.”
Lee Smolin
…………………………………………
Smolin suspects that quantum mechanics is  a theory of ‘mere subsystems’ of the universe.
Unlike quantum chunks,  
Smolin’s universe is a single enormous system like general relativistic   reality as the  relationships  between objects and between different regions of space.
…………………………………………
“General relativity is not a description of subsystems. It is a description of the whole universe as a closed system.”
Lee Smolin
 
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The behavior of each part is inextricably related to that of every other part. Relativistic inertia exists only when we can measure it against the entire cosmic gravitational field. We need a referential external universe to say which astronaut between the two  is spinning.
…………………………………………
What holds true in a logical thought experiment holds true for  the real world.

 
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“We are the miracle, we human beings. Not a break-the-laws-of-physics kind of miracle; a miracle in that it is wondrous and amazing how such complex, aware, creative, caring creatures could have arisen in perfect accordance with those laws. Our lives are finite, unpredictable, and immeasurably precious.”

-Sean Carroll

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Sean Carroll accepts string theory as  a very natural extension of quantum field theory.
…………………………………………

 
…………………………………………
“We don’t even know what time is.”

  •  Sean Carroll
    …………………………………………
    Sean Carroll’s  time emerges from small-scale quantum interactions, but Smolin’s time is fundamentally  universal.
    …………………………………………
    “Most of us in this game believe that quantum mechanics is much more fundamental than general relativity is.”
  •  Sean Carroll
    …………………………………………

Lagrangian formalism prefers simple logic without any details about a system to complicated mechanical equations as in   Quantum Mechanics and newtonian mechanics.

…………………………………………

Lagrangian ‘action’  is just an auxiliary quantity which gets us to original equations of motion.
…………………………………………

Hamiltonian information of phase space entropy  is always conserved, but it is not equivalent to energy because energy is not always conserved.

…………………………………………

Hamiltonian is the method of describing diverse mechanical systems as the conservation of phase space entropy.

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Schrödinger’s old quantum mechanics uses the Hamiltionian  state vector, which is intuitively easier than energy to represent probabilities with the help of a spacelike slice at a particular moment in time.

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In quantum mechanics ,  a “sum of possibilities” arises naturally if we use the path integrals.
…………………………………………

The principle of least action might arise from the path integral formalism of quantum mechanics.

…………………………………………

The probability amplitude for some particle to go from A to B is given by a sum over all possible paths from A to B. The action is stationary along the most probable path because adjacent paths interfer constructively only where the action does not change much.

…………………………………………
The universe has no preference for storing energy as kinetic or  potential.
…………………………………………
The universe tries to distribute energy between kinetic and potential  with minimal difference between the two.

…………………………………………

The universe is a multi level  container (HUP obeying quantum foam) with energy trying to seek the same level everywhere. Life is  just one of the infinite ‘quantum tunnels’   for energy to “level out.”

…………………………………………

Just like water, energy tries to redistribute itself between the kinetic and potential buckets evenly.

Depending on the constraints at a particular time, energy may be sloshing from one bucket to another , trying to “level out.”
…………………………………………

A system evolves through phase space as a function of time.
…………………………………………
Two main forms of energy are potential and kinetic.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Classical quantities and units are respectively replaced by operators and probabilities in quantum mechanics.

…………………………………………

Lagrangian does not examine the system’s particulars at one point in time in configuration space, it examines the shape of a multidimensional state-space bowl, and asserts that the state of the system will be found at the extremum, the  farthest point from the middle, where T-V (Kinetic Energy minus Potential Energy=Work/consumption) is minimized.

…………………………………………

The Lagrangian is simply a mathematical construct to define the action S, a quantity identical to path or  the work performed by the system.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Out of many possible paths, a  particle will take the path whose action is hardest to change by moving it a bit.
…………………………………………
Lagrangian is the mathematical definition of a universe. The Lagrangian for a classical harmonic oscillator is exclusively  identical to a universe with a particle that only interacts with this Potential.

…………………………………………

The Lagrangians of Quantum Field consist of interactions that only are allowed in this universe.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
There is no fundamental difference between Newtonian mechanics, Lagrangian mechanics and Hamiltonian mechanics.
…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Classical mechanics is more Lagrangian than Hamiltonian.

…………………………………………

Lagrange made dynamical  measurement showing indifference to the positions of the various parts of the system.

…………………………………………
Instead of Newton’s three laws, Lagrange mechanics deals with a single fundamental logic: the principle of least action. Since the laws of physics are not absolute, the same physical phenomenon can be explained by many different fundamental laws.Even this so called ‘fundamendality’ is just a practical assumption without any proof.

…………………………………………

According to Lagrange mechanics, we can calculate the motion by minimizing a certain quantity, called the action, a product of time and energy.

…………………………………………

Lagrangian mechanics is centered around energies. Forces are no longer needed to determine the motion of objects.
…………………………………………
Many fundamental laws of physics can be described by Lagrangian  principle of least action.

…………………………………………

Lagrangian mechanics is a very widely used and mathematically equivalent formulation of Newtonian mechanics.

…………………………………………

Lagrangian principle of stationary action  says that “action” is always stationary (always a maximum or a minimum). Like Newton’s Laws scientists accept it without any proof.

…………………………………………

The principle of stationary action is  called the principle of least action because action is usually a minimum.

…………………………………………

Quantum mechanics explains why action is stationary.

…………………………………………

The lagrangian is a way of making  classical mechanics easier to solve by  emphasizing conservative forces and ignoring constrain forces.

…………………………………………

Instead of saying “here’s which way you accelerate” , Lagrangian mechanics says “you move in such a way that you minimize the action between fixed endpoints.”
…………………………………………
When tragectories and frequencies are known better than the forces ,the Lagrangian  reveals  the nature of forces by lagrange-eular equation.
…………………………………………

Classical Lagrangian mechanics is used for an individual particle with a finite number of degrees of freedom.

Lagrangian coordinate  describes  the motions of particles of a solid or fluid in continuum mechanics.
Lagrangian function is the kinetic energy (energy of motion) minus the potential energy (energy of position).

Lagrangian field theory is the field-theoretic analogue of Lagrangian mechanics.
…………………………………………

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..…………………………………………

……………………………………..

People who quarrel about whether 

parallel lines intersect or not actually mistake a specific model for reality itself.

……………………………………..

Geometrical lines are mathematical memes/maps/models/abstractions 

of straight paths in the Universe. 

……………………………………..

In Euclidean model/geometry, infinitely extended parallel lines do not intersect. 

……………………………………..

In the memetic model of Lobachevski (hyperbolic or doubly-curved surface that resembles the shape of a saddle- convex  along one axis, and concave along the other), infinitely extended parallel lines intersect at one point. 

……………………………………..

In the geometry of Riemann (spherical surfaces), infinitely extended parallel lines cross twice.

……………………………………..

The number of intersections between infinitely extended parallel lines varies with the complexity/variety of  curved space geometries. 

……………………………………..

Both Euclidean and non-Euclidean   geometries are just models of the

observable Universe. 

……………………………………..

Maps/models/memetic narratives   characterize neither Universe nor reality.

……………………………………..

Maps/models/memes do not

constitute properties of reality/ Universe.

……………………………………..

The Universe/reality  is far more

complex than any model of it.

……………………………………..

Since reality  is infinitely more complex than any of its model, scientific

research will never end as long as this reality persists allowing the universe to exist. 

……………………………………..

Mathematics plays an important role in the technological advancement of modern civilization.

…………………………………………

We don’t know why math works so well to explain our physical world.

…………………………………………

Mathematics might be humankind’s mere trick not an inherent cosmic language.

…………………………………………

We all use math in our daily lives.

…………………………………………

Math is everywhere in nature–from the spiral in the center of a sunflower to the whirlpool of a galaxy.

…………………………………………

Math predicted the discovery of the Higgs boson and the successful landing of rovers on Mars.

…………………………………………

The uncanny accuracy with which mathematics reveals the secrets of the universe, makes it seem an inherent part of nature.

…………………………………………

Mathematical descriptions are biased by human lifespans. If the human lifespan were as long as the universe, the Sun would appear to be a short-lived fluctuation with negligible energy.

…………………………………………

Mathematical counting has its physical limits. At some point, numbers can’t count. The number of apples might be so large that the gravitational pull of all the apples draws them into a black hole.

…………………………………………

If things and people were not solid but gaseous, counting discrete objects using human constructs like integers would not be so obvious.

…………………………………………

Mathematical axioms based on the notion of simple counting are not innate to our universe.

…………………………………………

Mathematics is a human invention not discovery.

…………………………………………
…………………………………………

If the universe is not inherently mathematical, we have greater freedom of speculation.

…………………………………………

Mathematics is a mere human imagination tailored to describe some handy portions of reality.
…………………………………………
Perfect mathematical forms might not exist in the physical universe.
…………………………………………
“How can it be that mathematics, being after all a product of human thought which is independent of experience, is so admirably appropriate to the objects of reality?”
Albert Einstein
…………………………………………
Since we have limited brain power, we prefer ‘mathematical compression’ to elaborate linguistic descriptions of our observations.

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Just like a calculator, math is a human invention.

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We cherry-pick the mundane problems that are subject to mathematics.
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…………………………………………
“Euclidean” means “of Euclid” and
“Cartesian” means “of Descartes.”
…………………………………………
Euclid’s two-dimensional plane geometry doesn’t use arithmetic.
A three dimensional (three axis) Cartesian coordinate talks about anything in space, using mathematical computations to points.
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If a particle starts entirely at a point, the information contained in its wave function can only travel away from that point at light speed. The collapse of the wave function doesn’t transmit information instantaneously.
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Zeno’s paradoxes maintained a separation between Euclidean geometry and algebra.
…………………………………………
Descartes reduced all of Euclidean geometry to mathematics by creating “Cartesian coordinate system.”
…………………………………………
“Non-Euclidean” spaces are typically the result of changing Euclid’s fifth postulate.
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Newtonian physics is Euclidean. Galilean relativity is Cartesian. Einsteinian general relativity is non-Euclidean.
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Feynman Diagrams need a sort of space to describe how the universe is put together.
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Quantities in geometry or mathematics are actually logically conceived properties or patterns of physical bodies.
…………………………………………
Mathematics as well as Geometry is an abstract device for measuring real or ‘imaginary’ physical quantities.Unchangable rules of Mathematics and Geometry represent our strongly grounded existence, not vulnerable to any malicious will or ‘abracadabra’.
…………………………………………
None can make us vanish by uttering ‘abracadabra’ for the same reason that no magic can make two straight lines of the same plane intersect in more than a single point.
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During a storm ,vaporized waterdrops  rise and become ice.Then ice-particles fall and get electrons from rising water via thermoelectric effect.While the cloud top becomes positive, the bottom becomes negative.When the negative charge can  overcome air resistance, a flow of negative charge rushes toward the earth.  The positive charges of the Earth are attracted to this stepped leader using the shortest path i.e. through some elevated point.The motion of positive charges of this return stroke makes air particles glow like a fillament .Since the  the heated air has no time to expand, the compressed air explodes outward. A positive charge may  build around a person if he is on high ground, or in an open space, or near a pond, large metallic structures or trees. Mobile phones do not attract lightning strikes.
The invisible attracting/repelling fields which surround electrified objects are the same force-fields normally only found inside of atoms.
Thermoelectric effect is the tendency for electrons, loosely held by molecules, to migrate toward warmer regions of the ice.
A magnet or a charged object  attracts movable opposite charges and repels the likes of a neutral object.

One can wonder if the abstract logic of HUP can activate potential field values(‘zero’ by default) with probability distribution initiating information processing. Thus ‘physical’ might be a derivative of ‘logical’, if not a mere linguistic translation of the latter.

 
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“When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it, when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meager and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarely, in your thoughts advanced to the stage of science.“-
Lord Kelvin
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We don’t know if numbers really exist or not. But our physical world obeys mathematical equations. Physicist Eugene Wigner called it “the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics.”At this,Eddington remarked that net doesn’t determine the size of fishes in the sea.
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“As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain; and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality.”
-Albert Einstein
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Tegmark dared to say that our very existence is actually a fundamental relationship among numbers.
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Harty Field viewed mathematics as merely a useful fiction like “Stories from the Arabian Nights.”
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Galileo treated our universe something like a book written in mathematical language.
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Paul Davies viewed the universe as information i.e. a kind of strings of ones and zeros.
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Scott Aaronson showed how movies, images or songs can be encoded by arranging just zeroes and ones i.e. bits. Turing showed that man’s computing capacity could be simulated by a machine which again would simulate various machines. So we have now digital devices like computer, android phone or set top box.
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Any change that carries information and can be transferred via medium is known as “signal”. Internet catches strings of ‘changes’ expressed by just two digits.
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Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle that forbids the precise determination of the value of a field and its rate of change simultaneously , rules out nothingness , a state in which both the value of a field and its rate of change are zero. So (we/ something /quantum fluctuations )would inevitably result.
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Obeying Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle, a “bubble of high-energy ‘false vacuum’ with repulsive gravity decayed into a zero-energy ‘ordinary’ vacuum releasing the energy as heat and matter.This was the Big Bang origin of the universe whose small vacuum energy (0.01 eV) indicates its slow decay.Before a quantum system reaches its final state , it will exist as a superposition of initial and final states. Krauss fears that, by measuring the dark energy, we might make the universe collapse to a fast decay regime. We need to know that 68% dark energy, 27% dark matter and only 5% normal matter make the universe.
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Dol, as a unit of pain, quantifies pain to some extent.Pain is subjective . The number of pain receptors on the cell surface is different for everyone.
‘Zerodol’ is a painkiller available in a number of countries worldwide.
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“Some things are in our control and others not. Things in our control are opinion, pursuit, desire, aversion, and, in a word, whatever are our own actions. Things not in our control are body, property, reputation, command, and, in one word, whatever are not our own actions.”

– Epictetus

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“You may be unconquerable, if you enter into no combat in which it is not in your own control to conquer.”

– Epictetus

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“But, for your part, don’t wish to be a general, or a senator, or a consul, but to be free; and the only way to this is a contempt of things not in our own control.”

– Epictetus

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“The absurd does not liberate; it binds. It does not authorize all actions. ‘Everything is permitted’ does not mean that nothing is forbidden.”
-Albert Camus

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“I may not have been sure about what really did interest me, but I was absolutely sure about what didn’t.’

-Albert Camus

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We are tiny chips inside a giant data-processing system absorbing and processing countless data bits through emails, tweets and articles.
Chips don’t have time to find out where they fit into the great scheme of things, because they are too busy answering all these emails.
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“It is quite clear to me that the religious paradise of youth, which was thus lost, was a first attempt to free myself from the chains of the ‘merely personal,’ from an existence which is dominated by wishes, hopes and primitive feelings. Out yonder there was this huge world, which exists independently of us human beings and which stands before us like a great, eternal riddle, at least partially accessible to our inspection and thinking. The contemplation of this world beckoned like a liberation….
The road to this paradise was not as comfortable and alluring as the road to the religious paradise, but it has proved itself as trustworthy, and I have never regretted having chosen it.”
-Albert Einstein

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Fundamental degrees of freedom might not be particles but extended objects: one-dimensional strings and higher dimensional branes. ……………………………………..

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Structurally symbiotic systems survive by replicating as well as waging Darwinian wars.
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All our doings are just watching.
All living organisms, including humans,  are situation-action machines driven by chemical algorithms.
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Free will  has been a very useful as well as persistent illusion that has allowed us to successfully exist and reproduce. Survivalism requires proximate causation as well as the nearest agent to an action.
……………………………………..
According to the ‘Bhagavad Gita’, we should stay detached from the outcome of any work since it is done through us not by us.
Free will is actually a sort of ‘which-slit experiment’ in biological disguise. We might wonder whether this useful illusion is useful since we are destined by quantum Darwinism.
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We  are not meant to do what we  love. We are meant to do what we are skilled at.

 
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We have to do what we have to give.
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Our inborn skills are our  destiny. We should unleash them.

 
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“The function of freedom is to free someone else.”
– Toni Morrison
……………………………………..

“You are your best thing.”

– Toni Morrison
……………………………………..
“I am all the things I have ever loved”.
– Toni Morrison

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A system consisting of water vapor in equilibrium with liquid water has only one degree of freedom. Either the pressure or  the temperature can only be fixed. Fixing one will automatically determine the other.

 
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A thermodynamic system is called ‘dynamic’ instead of  ‘dead’ due to its many degrees of freedom (thermal, physio/ chemical, electric, etc.)
…………………………………………
Degree of freedom signifies how many coordinates are required to define a state.

Zero degree of freedom means it is a fixed point/state.
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Internal Energy of a thermodynamic system can have many degrees of freedom.
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The number of degrees of freedom is the number of independent intensive variables.
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The number of degrees of freedom is  the largest number of thermodynamic parameters ( temperature , pressure, etc.) that can be varied simultaneously and arbitrarily without determining one another.
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In Gibbs phase rule (F+P= C+2), a system with C chemically independent components and P phases in equilibrium has F degrees of freedom.
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For a system consisting of one pure species the phase rule is F=3-P. If two phases are in equilibrium with each other in a one-component system, the system has one degree of freedom. The system is univariant.
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Pure water boils at 100°C if the pressure is one atmosphere. If the pressure is lower than one atmosphere, pure water will boil at a temperature below 100°C. If the pressure is higher than one atmosphere, pure water will boil at a temperature higher than 100°C.

A system consisting of water vapor in equilibrium with liquid water has only one degree of freedom. The pressure OR the temperature can be fixed. Fixing one will automatically determine the other.
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At the triple point ( 273.16 K and 612 Pa.) of H2O, ice, water, and steam are in equilibrium. According to the phase rule(F=3-P), a one component system has no degrees of freedom when three phases are in equilibrium (F=0).The system is invariant.

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The degrees of freedom is used when you have more variables than equations and the degrees of freedom is how many more variables you have than equations.

 
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Each degree of freedom lends a particular trait to a system.
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Degree of freedom of molecules is the number of independent ways in which a molecule possesses translational, rotational and/or vibratory motion without violation of the constraints.
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A Monoatomic molecule possesses only a single atom . Therefore it can have only transational movement along the three axes in free 3-D space. Thus it has degree of freedom equal to 3.

 
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Diatomic molecules can posses 3 translational(for the centre of mass of the molecule), 2 rotational (along axes perpendicular to the line joining the two atoms) and 1 vibrational motion along the line joining both . And hence a diatomic molecule possesses 6 degrees of freedom.
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For molecules with ’N’ number of atoms, degree of freedom is 3N.
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When a Monoatomic molecule is in free space it is free for motion in the 3 directions of the coordinates.

The molecule loses it’s DOF from 3 to 2 because after getting adsorbed on a surface ,now the molecule is constrained only in a two dimensional space where it can perfom motion along only X and Y axis.

…………………………………………
The total number of intensive variables in order to fix the state of the system is called degree of freedom.
…………………………………………
At the triple point of water where all the three phases of water are present that is liquid,gas and solid by Gibb’s phase rule the degree of freedom will be ZERO.

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The definition of Degrees of Freedom is same in both Thermodynamics and Mechanics.
…………………………………………

 
Each degree of freedom lends a particular trait to a system.

 
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The four laws of thermodynamics, contain deep physical and philosophical meanings.

 
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In thermodynamics,  degree of freedom tells us about the number of intensive properties required to tell the thermodynamic state of a point. So at Triple point of any pure substance its intensive properties are fixed.

 
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Intensive properties do not depend on the amount of matter.
……………………………………..

 
Iintensive properties include:

Boiling Point
Density
State of Matter
Color
Melting Point
Odor
Temperature
Refractive Index
Luster
Hardness
Ductility
Malleability
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Intensive properties identify a sample because these characteristics do not depend on the amount of sample, nor do they change according to conditions.
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Extensive properties depend on the amount of matter.
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An extensive property is additive for subsystems.

 
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Extensive properties include:

Volume
Mass
Size
Weight
Length

 
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The ratio between two extensive properties is an intensive property. For example, mass and volume are extensive properties, but their ratio (density) is an intensive property of matter.
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While extensive properties are great for describing a sample, they aren’t very helpful in identifying it because they can change according to sample size or conditions.

 
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Quantum information can be in a superposition of both 0 and 1 at the same time. Such qubits can be encoded in the polarization states of a photon or in the spin states of electrons and atomic nuclei. It can then be used to encode classical information.

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Quantum information can be exchanged  via  entanglement. When two  quantum systems or subatomic particles interact, they can get entangled. Once entangled, both systems are described by a single quantum state, so measuring the state of one system instantly influences the state of the other, even if they are kilometers apart.Once entanglement is distributed and established, the protocol to transfer qubits is robust and deterministic.
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A photon can be in a superposition of being emitted early or late.
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If quantum networks are to go intercontinental, entanglement will need to be distributed via satellites or  drones.
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Nowadays we can’t just live without some sort of computing power using  powerful but pocket-sized devices.

…………………………………………
There is a limit to the miniaturisation of processor chips inside our powerful but pocket-sized computing devices.
…………………………………………
We can ignore the ‘classical’ size limits if we can tame quantum computing,  a realm of complex numbers.
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Quantum computing ,in its full fledged version, will change life as we know it.
…………………………………………
The full potential for quantum computing is currently unknown.
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What appears to us as ‘computation’ is actually the controlled flow of electricity, i.e., “flow of electrons”.

 
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The smallest electronic switch or  transistor is  currently around 14 nanometres. Below a minimum scale limit, electrons turn their particle avatar into quantum probability wave and can no longer be switched on or off classically.

 
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In the sub-atomic world, electrons will be subject to the laws of quantum physics.

 
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Semiconductors ( transistors) are the  building block of today’s computers.

 
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Quantum particles do not move in a straight line, but in a wavelike pattern in any direction.

 
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The informational unit of classical measurement values is a bit( 0 or 1). The informational unit of quantum  measurement values is a Qbit( 0 and  1).
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Even one Qbit can represent multiple values. A traditional binary computer tackles two values simultaneously at the cost of speed. A quantum computer, however, would be able to work with hundreds simultaneously. This unlocks an unimaginable processing power.
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The proteins and molecules that make up living cells or medicines are governed by the laws of quantum physics.

 
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Classical simulation  can’t  predict the  progression of a disease or  the effectiveness of a medicine.
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Quantum simulation models can accurately mimic the behaviours of the proteins and molecules governed by the laws of quantum physics.
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In quantum internet, information could be shared without being transmitted.
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Distributing information via quantum entanglement is inherently secure. If someone tries to steal the information, it is instantly lost or broken.
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Sun

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Galaxies are wheeling.

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Planets are falling into their orbits.

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If we create a generation ship right now, we can reach  Proxima b in 6300 years with the speed of 200 km/s.

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Proxima b is the closest known, potentially habitable planet.

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With an initial crew of 32, inbreeding is  inevitable in a generation ship . They would not be a genetically healthy crew to start an interstellar colony.If only females are sent along with frozen male sperms and only females are allowed to be born then crew size can be reduced dramatically.
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Proxima Centauri may be passing through the system, or it may be gravitationally bound to the binary pair.

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Proxima b is an Earth-sized rocky planet in the Proxima Centauri’s habitable zone.
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A planet is tidally locked, if it always shows the same face to its host star.

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The Moon is tidally locked to the Earth. The moon shows only one face to Earth.
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Tidal locking is caused by two bodies in synchronous rotation.
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In synchronous rotation , a body has the same rotational period as its orbital period around a partner.

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Proxima Centauri is a red dwarf about seven times smaller than the sun.

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Our sun is about 4.6 billion years old.
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The UV levels, even for the planets around the most active stars, were all lower than the Earth experienced in its youth. So multiple star systems might host life.
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The first lifeforms on Earth emerged a billion years after the planet formed.
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A few billion years ago on Earth ,  single-celled prokaryotes lived with high UV radiation levels.
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It is interesting to speculate that a tidal-locked planet might be ‘sheltered’ for life.
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Proxima Centauri is a part of the Alpha Centauri star system.

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Proxima Centauri is a red dwarf star.
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Proxima Centauri  is our second nearest star.

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A constellation is a configuration of stars as seen from the earth.

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Alpha Centauri star (A and B) system is located in the constellation of Centaurus.
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Red dwarfs like  Proxima Centauri are too faint to be observable with the naked eye.

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Proxima Centauri’s  closest neighbors are Alpha Centauri A and B .
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Though Proxima is called Alpha Centauri C, it may not be in orbit.

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The fastest man-made spacecraft, the Helios II deep space probe, has the speed  of 70.2 km/s.
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Even at that speed of Helios II, the journey to Proxima Centauri would take 18,000 years— beyond the current lifespan of both man and machine.

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Future interstellar travel might be possible with generation ships, laser-pushed solar sails, nuclear fusion powered Bussard ramjets, nuclear pulse drives or warp drives.

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The Closest Star to the Sun, Proxima Centauri, has a Planet in the Habitable Zone. Between Proxima Centauri’s variability and the planet being tidally-locked with its star, life would have a hard time surviving on Proxima b.
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Red dwarfs are the most common type of star in the Universe.
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85% of the stars in the Milky Way are red dwarf.

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Rocky planets with potential habitability have mostly been discovered around red dwarf stars – such as Proxima b, Ross 128b, LHS 1140b, Gliese 667Cc, GJ 536, the seven rocky planets orbiting TRAPPIST-1.

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Red dwarfs might not host life due to

regular stellar flares  bathing  planets in high levels of biologically harmful radiation.

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4 billion years ago, Earth’s surface was exposed to volcanic activities,  toxic atmosphere and UV radiation.
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Roughly half of all stars are in binary systems.

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Roughly half of all stars are solitary, like the Sun.
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The more massive a star is, the more luminous it is.

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In a binary star system, one star traces out an elliptical path relative to the other.
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When a cool star is in front of a hot star , there will be a large drop in apparent brightness. When the hot star is in front of the cool star, there will be a smaller drop in brightness.

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A star system or stellar system is a small number of stars  orbitting each other, bound by gravitational attraction.

…………………………………………
A large number of stars bound by gravitation is generally called a star cluster or galaxy.
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A star system of two stars is known as a binary star, binary star system or physical double star.

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A multiple star system consists of three or more stars.
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Most multiple star systems are triple stars.
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Trapezia are usually very young, unstable systems that quickly fragment into stable multiple stars.
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Eeeee

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Stars at the galaxy center have a shorter orbital period than those farther out.
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The Sun has orbited the galaxy, more than 20 times.

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The Sun is moving in five ways. The movements of the sunspots indicate that the sun rotates once every 27 days at its equator. The Sun takes a cosmic year(225 million years) to make one complete orbit around the Milky Way. The Sun moves up and down during it’s galactic rotation just like a carrousel. The Sun as the part of the Milky Way Galaxy moves towards the  Andromeda Galaxy at 100 kilometres per second. The Sun as the part of local galaxy group  moves towards the Virgo cluster.

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Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..……………………………………………………………………………………

Physics equations don’t need virtual particles.
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“Energy-time uncertainty relation” has nothing to do with virtual particles.
…………………………………………

 
In the absence of a non-perturbative formulation of quantum field theory,
we have to compute some amplitudes perturbatively (e.g. for outcomes of particle collisions) using Feynman diagrams  imagined as virtual particles.
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Virtual particles are at least useful in the way pictures of chemical bonds are useful in chemical calculations, although from quantum-mechanical point of view these “bonds” are ephemeral.

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The semi-classical mixing of QFT and general relativity near the horizon of a black hole creates  a virtual pair. One particle falls below the horizon, and the other acquires escape velocity producing Hawking  radiation.
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“Definitions belong to the definers, not the defined.”
– Toni Morrison

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“Language alone protects us from the scariness of things with no names.”
– Toni Morrison

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Foreign exchange market might work as  an informal model to grasp a lattice gauge theory.

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Standard model needs  gauge symmetries.

……………………………………..
Juan Maldacena’s  space is a grid of countries and particles are travellers  making money by speculating with currencies.
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To imagine the fundamental process that gives us magnets and keeps the lights on, kids need handy analogies  not theories.

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Gravitational effects are  negligible at the quantum level.

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General relativity and quantum mechanics can describe nature only  within their domains of applicability.
……………………………………..
Since the gravitational field is  a deformation of spacetime itself, gravity  is supposed to act on particles interactions, or even on their existence.
……………………………………..
We still don’t know whether quantum field theory is stable if we take into account the gravitational field.
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Structures like black holes or cosmological singularities are the assumptions of  general relativity, but their critical points, their subatomic singularities belong to the quantum realm. So physicists bother about such enigmatic structures to combine quantum mechanics with relativity.

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According to Geoff Jones, photons do not exist.

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In double-slit experiment, an electromagnetic field might fill the entire the entire Universe to ‘know’ that there are two slits there. No particle but a disturbance or new  information is transacted in field’s ledger-book. What is ‘detected’ as a photon is the removal of one quantum or packet of energy from the field. Only ‘disturbances in the media’ i.e.  transmissible information give birth to our so-called reality. Recent quantum-Darwinism and Wigner’s friend experiments dismissing any shared objective reality (that can exist on its own) are in line with such ‘media-born/transmitted/selected/ subjective/memetic reality’.

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Our model of reality can easily exclude  photons if we say that energy can only be added to or subtracted from the field in definite units.

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An electric field exerts a force on a charged particle along the direction of the field. A magnetic field  exerts a force perpendicularly to the velocity of a charged particle. Thus a charged particle moves in circles around magnetic fields.
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Electromagnetic waves are interlocked oscillations of electric and magnetic fields.

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A quantum system imprints replicas of itself on its environment.

…………………………………………
…………………………………………

In quantum Darwinism experiments,

only a few particles/ a single photon serves as the quantum system, with a handful of other photons serving as the “environment” that interacts with it and broadcasts information about it.
Some laser photons combine them into multiply entangled groups. Then  the environment photons are interrogated to see what information they encode about the system photon’s pointer state – its polarization (the orientation of its oscillating electromagnetic fields), one of the quantum properties able to pass through the filter of quantum Darwinian selection.

…………………………………………

Since information saturates soon,
measurements of just one of the environment photons reveal a lot of the available information about the system photon’s polarization, and measuring an increasing fraction of the environment photons provided diminishing returns.

…………………………………………
In quantum Darwinism experiments,even a single photon can act as an environment to initiate decoherence and selection if it interacts strongly enough with the lone system photon. When interactions are weaker, a larger environment must be monitored.
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“Life and Reality are not things you can have for yourself unless you accord them to all others. They do not belong to particular persons any more than the sun, moon and stars.”
-Alan Watts

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Reality is whatever exists without descriptive baggages.

…………………………………………

Both idol-worship and celebrity culture rob us of realness.

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Digital algorithms will keep on  replacing humans in more and more jobs.

…………………………………………

Provided universal basic income frees us of daily drudgery,

people will need to be occupied and content.

Our brain is the most advanced computing system in the known universe. It demands a supply of  purposeful tasks to stay active. Even playing virtual reality games serves the purpose.

It is evolutionarily tested that  virtual reality (  whether that be computer games, religious myths or unbridled consumerism ) saves our species in such situations.

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Virtual reality is not always encased inside an isolated box. Both religion and consumerism serve as virtual reality games. If you forget to pray, you lose points. If you can’t buy BMW, you lose points.

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The meaning of life is just a fictional story- an instrument to enjoy some typical algorithmic sensations in neurons. It doesn’t matter whether the neurons are stimulated by digital  screen, by a packaged tour, or by thinking about an afterlife happiness.

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A significant percentage of Jewish people keep themselves engaged in religious books and rituals.  Since the government provides them with the basic necessities of life, they do no work. These ‘deep’ players of virtual reality game report higher levels of life-satisfaction than any other section of Israeli society. Even in

global surveys of life satisfaction, Israel beats most other countries. That’s universal basic income in action!

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Virtual reality games are more meaningful than work. Work is the means, virtual engazment is the goal!

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Our species is destined to playing  various virtual reality games  like religion, socialism, democracy, liberalism, consumerism, etc.

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Meaning and matter are apparently alienated aspects of reality.

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Only Darwinian evolution by natural selection unites ‘matter’ with ‘meaning’ since the latter arises from the former.

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Only Darwinian evolution by natural selection unites ‘matter’ with ‘life’ since the former evolved into the latter.

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Only Darwinian evolution by natural selection unites ‘matter’ with ‘mind’ since the latter arises from the former.

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Until we know what consciousness actually is, we can’t explain our insatiable search for meaning……………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………..

. …………………………………….

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“What can a meaning outside my condition mean to me? I can understand only in human terms.”

-Albert Camus

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“If I convince myself that this life has no other aspect than that of the absurd, if I feel that its whole equilibrium depends on that perpetual opposition between my conscious revolt and the darkness in which it struggles, if I admit that my freedom has no meaning except in relation to its limited fate, then I must say that what counts is not the best living but the most living.”
-Albert Camus

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.  ……………………………………..We often wonder if we can ever know or express what we actually are .

…………………………………………
Our worries don’t matter in a cosmic sense.It is a categorical error to assess the value of something by the wrong category of criteria.

…………………………………………
“Surely it matters to the torture victims whether they’re being tortured. It doesn’t require that this make some cosmic difference to the eternal significance of the universe for it to matter whether a human being is tortured.”

  • Kagan
    …………………………………………
    …………………………………………

The second law of thermodynamics (entropy keeps on  increasing) is the first law of life.
…………………………………………

Living bodies need to combat entropy by doing something “extropic”. We do not need any meaning higher than such evolutionary obligations. After all, we are entropic entities.
…………………………………………

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..…………………………………………

…………………………………………
“Some things are in our control and others not. Things in our control are opinion, pursuit, desire, aversion, and, in a word, whatever are our own actions. Things not in our control are body, property, reputation, command, and, in one word, whatever are not our own actions.”

– Epictetus

…………………………………………

“You may be unconquerable, if you enter into no combat in which it is not in your own control to conquer.”

– Epictetus

…………………………………………
“But, for your part, don’t wish to be a general, or a senator, or a consul, but to be free; and the only way to this is a contempt of things not in our own control.”

– Epictetus

…………………………………………

“What man can you show me who places any value on his time, who reckons the worth of each day, who understands that he is dying daily? For we are mistaken when we look forward to death; the major portion of death has already passed. Whatever years be behind us are in death’s hands.”

-Seneca

…………………………………………

“Nothing, Lucilius, is ours, except time. We were entrusted by nature with the ownership of this single thing, so fleeting and slippery that anyone who will can oust us from possession. What fools these mortals be! They allow the cheapest and most useless things, which can easily be replaced, to be charged in the reckoning, after they have acquired them; but they never regard themselves as in debt when they have received some of that precious commodity,—time! And yet time is the one loan which even a grateful recipient cannot repay.”

-Seneca

…………………………………………

“But we may fairly say that they alone are engaged in the true duties of life who shall wish to have Zeno, Pythagoras, Democritus, and all the other high priests of liberal studies, and Aristotle and Theophrastus, as their most intimate friends every day. No one of these will be “not at home,” no one of these will fail to have his visitor leave more happy and more devoted to himself than when he came, no one of these will allow anyone to leave him with empty hands; all mortals can meet with them by night or by day.

 

No one of these will force you to die, but all will teach you how to die; no one of these will wear out your years, but each will add his own years to yours; conversations with no one of these will bring you peril, the friendship of none will endanger your life, the courting of none will tax your purse. From them you will take whatever you wish; it will be no fault of theirs if you do not draw the utmost that you can desire. What happiness, what a fair old age awaits him who has offered himself as a client to these! He will have friends from whom he may seek counsel on matters great and small, whom he may consult every day about himself, from whom he may hear truth without insult, praise without flattery, and after whose likeness he may fashion himself.

 

We are wont to say that it was not in our power to choose the parents who fell to our lot, that they have been given to men by chance; yet we may be the sons of whomsoever we will. Households there are of noblest intellects; choose the one into which you wish to be adopted; you will inherit not merely their name, but even their property, which there will be no need to guard in a mean or niggardly spirit; the more persons you share it with, the greater it will become. These will open to you the path to immortality, and will raise you to a height from which no one is cast down. This is the only way of prolonging mortality—nay, of turning it into immortality. Honours, monuments, all that ambition has commanded by decrees or reared in works of stone, quickly sink to ruin; there is nothing that the lapse of time does not tear down and remove. But the works which philosophy has consecrated cannot be harmed; no age will destroy them, no age reduce them; the following and each succeeding age will but increase the reverence for them, since envy works upon what is close at hand, and things that are far off we are more free to admire. The life of the philosopher, therefore, has wide range, and he is not confined by the same bounds that shut others in. He alone is freed from the limitations of the human race; all ages serve him as if a god. Has some time passed by? This he embraces by recollection. Is time present? This he uses. Is it still to come? This he anticipates. He makes his life long by combining all times into one.

 

But those who forget the past, neglect the present, and fear for the future have a life that is very brief and troubled; when they have reached the end of it, the poor wretches perceive too late that for such a long while they have been busied in doing nothing.”

– Seneca

…………………………………………

Though  we’re just a speck in the universe, we  place ourselves at the center of reality. That memetic conceit was evolutionarily advantageous to literally fighting apes.  Since  sapiens(wise)  life should be based on  reality, a man’s  intellectually honest duty is  to play the role of a nobody. To live a meaningful life, we should

distinguish between our subjective perception and the objective reality.

…………………………………………

Everything, even a man, is nothing more than a fraction of a ripple in an infinite sea of entropy. It is our memetic plus instinctive survival mechanism ( mostly algorithmic in nature) that makes us  think that we’re special. To live a meaningful life, we should distinguish between our subjective perception and the objective reality.

…………………………………………

 

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A sense of insignificance  liberates us from the grips of  blind memetic algorithms.

…………………………………………

It’s a memetic algorithm that compares us to people that don’t matter, or makes us chase things we don’t want or need.

…………………………………………

Being a nobody allows us to feel, appreciate and enjoy the sublime.

 

…………………………………………

Edmund Burke separated aesthetic  experiences into “the beautiful” and “the sublime.”

…………………………………………

While the  “the beautiful” attracts and pleases, “the sublime” overwhelms, engulfs and  makes us feel small.

…………………………………………

When we are in awe at the sight of a sky-kissing temple or mountain, we experience “the sublime”- a heightened sense of existence beyond comfort and normalcy.

…………………………………………

Only by  giving up a part of ourselves,we can enjoy the sublime.

…………………………………………

Only as inferior we can  see something  superior.

 

…………………………………………

Ecstasy is the taste of vulnerability.

…………………………………………

 

Memetic superiority complex leads to a kind of paralysis that steals the potential of experiencing “the sublime”.

 

…………………………………………

Being a nobody frees us from unnecessary ambitions, labels and hierarchies.

…………………………………………

Labels and hierarchies aren’t absolute.

…………………………………………

There is no ‘man’ , ‘tree’ or even ‘nature’  in nature’s eye. They are  just our way of translating sensory noise into a useful mode of organization.

…………………………………………

When we bind labels and hierarchies too closely to our identity, life becomes a nightmare. Can the value of my  life lie at the tip of your tongue?

…………………………………………

Being a nobody frees us  from many of the petty social pressures (i.e.  relics of some blind memetic algorithms of  the  past).

…………………………………………

We’re each a negligible part of a vast cosmos. It is natural, and perhaps healthy, to stay startled!

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
Nowadays thinkers, politicians and even economists want to replace GDP with GDH – gross domestic happiness. After all, production is only the means, not the end.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Happiness ( yes, meaningful one)  blesses us only when we see life in its entirety as an anthropically  worthwhile adventure. People who identify happiness with fleeting pleasant sensations stay lifelong slaves to those biochemical algorithms.

…………………………………………

Blind chemomechanical  algorithms can tangle themselves into incredible stuff  like  life,  organs, plants, people, etc.

…………………………………………

“Life is 10% what happens to you and 90% how you react to it.”
– Charles R. Swindoll.

…………………………………………

“Loneliness is not the absence of affection, but the absence of direction.”
-Mike Murdock

…………………………………………

Life’s a longing for unconditional love.
The things that make people organically happy is the deep relationships of life- the losing of self-sufficiency and enjoying dependence on others.
……………………………………..
Happiness is the ability to enjoy suffering for serving society.
……………………………………..
Pain that is not transformed into joy gets transmitted to initiate social changes.

……………………………………..

…………………………………………

We are born to know but forced to earn. Some people think oppositely.

…………………………………………
………………………………………… Shouldn’t we try to enjoy even our mere and bare EXISTENCE (oh yes! including Amazon or Flipkart products)? …………………………………………
…………………………………………

“I’ll drink life to the lees.”
-Alfred Lord Tennyson

…………………………………………
“The purpose of life is to live it, to taste experience to the utmost, to reach out eagerly and without fear for newer and richer experience.”
-Eleanor Roosevelt

…………………………………………
“Happiness is not a goal… it’s a by-product of a life well lived.”
-Eleanor Roosevelt
…………………………………………

“Your ambition should be to get as much life out of living as you possibly can, as much enjoyment, as much interest, as much experience, as much understanding. Not simply be what is generally called a “success.”
-Eleanor Roosevelt
…………………………………………

…………………………………………

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“A man’s true delight is to do the things he was made for.”
– Marcus Aurelius

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“The human heart has a tiresome tendency to label as fate only what crushes it. But happiness likewise, in its way, is without reason, since it is inevitable.”
-Albert Camus

 

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…………………………………………


“This universe henceforth without a master seems to him neither sterile nor futile. Each atom of that stone, each mineral flake of that night filled mountain, in itself forms a world. The struggle itself toward the heights is enough to fill a man’s heart. One must imagine Sisyphus happy.”

-Albert Camus

…………………………………………

…………………………………………


“The fight itself towards the summits suffices to fill a heart of man; it is necessary to imagine Sisyphus happy.”

-Albert Camus

…………………………………………

 

…………………………………………

 


“The absurd is lucid reason noting its limits.”

-Albert Camus

…………………………………………
“From the moment absurdity is recognized, it becomes a passion, the most harrowing of all. But whether or not one can live with one’s passions, whether or not one can accept their law, which is to burn the heart they simultaneously exalt – that is the whole question.”

-Albert Camus

…………………………………………

Life’s too short to be sober.

…………………………………………

 



“The realization that life is absurd cannot be an end, but only a beginning. This is a truth nearly all great minds have taken as their starting point.”

-Albert Camus

 

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………………………………….

 

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“Almost nothing material is needed for a happy life, for he who has understood existence.”

– Marcus Aurelius

……………………………………..

“He who has a why to live can bear almost any how.”-Nietzsche
……………………………………..

“Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind. These passions, like great winds, have blown me hither and thither, in a wayward course, over a great ocean of anguish, reaching to the very verge of despair.

I have sought love, first, because it brings ecstasy – ecstasy so great that I would often have sacrificed all the rest of life for a few hours of this joy. I have sought it, next, because it relieves loneliness – that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over the rim of the world into the cold unfathomable lifeless abyss. I have sought it finally, because in the union of love I have seen, in a mystic miniature, the prefiguring vision of the heaven that saints and poets have imagined. This is what I sought, and though it might seem too good for human life, this is what – at last – I have found.

With equal passion I have sought knowledge. I have wished to understand the hearts of men. I have wished to know why the stars shine. And I have tried to apprehend the Pythagorean power by which number holds sway above the flux. A little of this, but not much, I have achieved.

Love and knowledge, so far as they were possible, led upward toward the heavens. But always pity brought me back to earth. Echoes of cries of pain reverberate in my heart. Children in famine, victims tortured by oppressors, helpless old people a hated burden to their sons, and the whole world of loneliness, poverty, and pain make a mockery of what human life should be. I long to alleviate this evil, but I cannot, and I too suffer.

This has been my life. I have found it worth living, and would gladly live it again if the chance were offered me.”
-Bertrand Russell
……………………………………..

…………………………………………

“Happiness is a journey, not a destination; happiness is to be found along the way not at the end of the road.”

 

…………………………………………

It seems, there’s more to life than being happy. It is meaning.

…………………………………………

Modern despair is not a lack of happiness but of meaning in life.

…………………………………………

Meaning comes from belonging to and serving a higher ideal.

…………………………………………

Four pillars of a meaningful life- belonging(relationship), purpose(urgency), transcendence(detachment) and storytelling(belief in the first three).

…………………………………………

“The value of a man resides in what he gives and not in what he is capable receiving.”

  • Albert Einstein

…………………………………………
“The true value of a human being is determined primarily by the measure and the sense in which he has attained liberation from the self.”

  • Albert Einstein
    …………………………………………

“Man can find meaning in life, short and perilous as it is, only through devoting himself to society.”

  • Einstein

…………………………………………
“When I examine myself and my methods of thought, I come to the conclusion that the gift of fantasy has meant more to me than my talent for absorbing positive knowledge.”

  • Einstein
    …………………………………………
    Einstein’s thought experiments with imaginary scenarios led to his revolutionary ideas about space and time.
    …………………………………………
    “I prefer an attitude of humility corresponding to the weakness of our intellectual understanding of nature and of our own being.”
  • Albert Einstein

…………………………………………

“A finely tempered nature longs to escape from the personal life into the world of objective perception and thought.”

  • Albert Einstein
    …………………………………………
    “He who finds a thought that lets us a little deeper into the eternal mystery of nature has been granted great peace.”
  • Albert Einstein

…………………………………………

“Well-being and happiness never appeared to me as an absolute aim. I am even inclined to compare such moral aims to the ambitions of a pig.”

  • Albert Einstein
    …………………………………………
    “All that we need to make us happy is something to be enthusiastic about.”
  • Albert Einstein
    …………………………………………
    “I see a pattern, but my imagination cannot picture the maker of that pattern.”
    -Einstein
    …………………………………………

“Once we accept our limits, we go beyond them.”

  • Albert Einstein

…………………………………………

“I agree with Schopenhauer that one of the most powerful motives that attracts people to science and art is the longing to escape from everyday life.”

  • Albert Einstein

…………………………………………

“If you want to live a happy life, tie it to a goal , not to objects or people.”

  • Albert Einstein.

…………………………………………

“Joy in looking and comprehending is nature’s most beautiful gift.”

  • Albert Einstein
    …………………………………………
    “When I was a fairly precocious young man I became thoroughly impressed with the futility of the hopes and strivings that chase most men restlessly through life. Moreover, I soon discovered the cruelty of that chase, which in those years was much more carefully covered up by hypocrisy and glittering words than is the case today. By the mere existence of his stomach everyone was condemned to participate in that chase. The stomach might well be satisfied by such participation, but not man insofar as he is a thinking and feeling being.”
    -Einstein

…………………………………………
“Out yonder there was this huge world, which exists independently of us human beings and which stands before us like a great, eternal riddle, at least partially accessible to our inspection and thinking. The contemplation of this world beckoned as a liberation, and I soon noticed that many a man whom I had learned to esteem and to admire had found inner freedom and security in its pursuit. The mental grasp of this extra-personal world within the frame of our capabilities presented itself to my mind, half consciously, half unconsciously, as a supreme goal. Similarly motivated men of the present and of the past, as well as the insights they had achieved, were the friends who could not be lost. The road to this paradise was not as comfortable and alluring as the road to the religious paradise; but it has shown itself reliable, and I have never regretted having chosen it.”

  • Einstein

……………………………………..
“In Nature all are alive and all are
free. The earthly glory of man is an
empty dream, vanishing with the bubbles in the rocky stream.”

  • Kahlil Gibran

……………………………………..
“The joy of life consists in the exercise of one’s energies, continual growth, constant change, the enjoyment of every new experience. To stop means simply to die. The eternal mistake of mankind is to set up an attainable ideal.”
-Aleister Crowley

……………………………………..
Dig and ascribe meaning to existence.

……………………………………..
Life is an adventure – a hunt for meaning.
……….

“To say more while saying less is the secret of being simple.”
Dejan Stojanovic.
…………………………..
“Arid lanscapes bring on big thoughts. A mental aerate of sorts. Life stripped out to reveal the world’s bones, the ancient geology of rock and sand highlighting the puny nature of our joy, our sorrow.”

– Pippa de Bruyn
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……………………………………..

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“This being human is a guest house. Every morning is a new arrival. A joy, a depression, a meanness, some momentary awareness comes as an unexpected visitor…Welcome and entertain them all. Treat each guest honorably. The dark thought, the shame, the malice, meet them at the door laughing, and invite them in. Be grateful for whoever comes, because each has been sent as a guide from beyond. ”
― Rumi
……………………………………..

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What are you willing to suffer for? Find out. It is your destiny.

……………………………………….
“We must accept finite disappointment, but we must never lose infinite hope.”

– Martin Luther King, Jr.

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……………………………………..

 
Happiness is merely a byproduct of usefulness. Just make the world  a little bit better than before you were born.
……………………………………..

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We  are not meant to do what we  love. We are meant to do what we are skilled at.

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We have to do what we have to give.

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Our inborn skills are our  destiny. We should unleash them.

……………………………………..

Earth as seen from the Voyager spacecraft from 3.7 billion miles.

…………………………………………….

“We succeeded in taking that picture, and, if you look at it, you see a dot. That’s here. That’s home. That’s us. On it, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever lived, lived out their lives.
The aggregate of all our joys and sufferings, thousands of confident religions, ideologies and economic doctrines, every hunter and forager, every hero and coward, every creator and destroyer of civilizations, every king and peasant, every young couple in love, every hopeful child, every mother and father, every inventor and explorer, every teacher of morals, every corrupt politician, every superstar, every supreme leader, every saint and sinner in the history of our species, lived there — on a mote of dust, suspended in a sunbeam.
The Earth is a very small stage in a vast cosmic arena. Think of the rivers of blood spilled by all those generals and emperors so that in glory and in triumph they could become the momentary masters of a fraction of a dot. Think of the endless cruelties visited by the inhabitants of one corner of the dot on scarcely distinguishable inhabitants of some other corner of the dot. How frequent their misunderstandings, how eager they are to kill one another, how fervent their hatreds. Our posturings, our imagined self-importance, the delusion that we have some privileged position in the universe, are challenged by this point of pale light . . .
To my mind, there is perhaps no better demonstration of the folly of human conceits than this distant image of our tiny world. To me, it underscores our responsibility to deal more kindly and compassionately with one another and to preserve and cherish that pale blue dot, the only home we’ve ever known.”
— Carl Sagan, speech at Cornell University, October 13, 1994

…………………………………………

Our entire anthropic environment can be seen as a dynamic host or  transmission media for the survival of replicators (both genes and memes) in general. Our ‘pale blue dot’,as a survival package to protect  replicators, resembles Gaia(James Lovelock’s Alive Earth).
…………………………………………

More than 90% of Earth’s crust is made up of silicate minerals( feldspar and quartz) precipitated from the upper atmosphere gaseous magma produced by the Theia-Earth collision . The rest 10% was formed by volcanic activity.

…………………………………………

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“Only a socially just  degrowth of the global economy can save our civilization.”
……………………………………..

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……………………………………..

In Indian philosophy, simple living demands high thinking. Childish consumerism and thereby global warming might spontaneously and efficiently get bridled if, and only if, scientific speculations on cosmos, life and consciousness can at least be a classical, if not mainstream, mass entertainment.

…………………………………………

Consumer culture producing greenhouse gas  is the main culprit  for our warming planet.
…………………………………………
Trees can save us from CO2, a greenhouse gas.

…………………………………………

To reduce greenhouse gas emissions,  we will have to consume less.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

The livestock industry’s  greenhouse gas is more than direct emissions from transport.
…………………………………………

Almost 70 per cent of the world’s agricultural land is used for livestock.

…………………………………………

Farmers are struggling with ever more unpredictable weather.

…………………………………………

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Climate change threatens 1 million plant and animal species.

…………………………………………

Warmer oceans could lose one-sixth of their fish and other marine life by the end of the century.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Climate change could affect global  economy ,consumerism and capitalism.Even Google, Nike, Facebook and Johnson & Johnson, have committed to 100% renewable goals.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

If social politics supports, 100% renewable energy is technologically and economically possible. But it is not guaranteed that “zero carbon” goals would actually slow climate change.

“The whole spectrum of life depends on uniting the living with the non-living, the meaning with the non-meaning, the purposeful with the merely mechanical.”
 – Daniel C. Dennett
 
…………………………………………
Logic is a formal description of reasoning.

…………………………………………
Basic simplicity from which complexities like universe or life can spring up should exist even today. If it is ‘electron flow’ for life, ‘quantum foam’ for universe.

…………………………………………

…………………………………….

…………………………………………
Existence is an impurity in an otherwise beautifully simple universe.
…………………………………………
Science reminds us to be grateful for what we have. If the universe were only minutely more symmetric than the one we inhabit, it would have collapsed before it began.
…………………………………………
…………………………………………
“It is only slightly overstating the case to say that physics is the study of symmetry.”
-Phil Anderson
…………………………………………

“A thing is symmetrical if there is something you can do to it so that after you have finished doing it, it looks the same as before.”
-Hermann Weyl
…………………………………………

We are asymmetric lumps that ruin the otherwise perfect symmetry of the cosmos.
…………………………………………
Our sense of symmetry (Laws of the universe are the same everywhere in space and time ) helped us discover  Newton’s first law of motion (An object in motion stays in motion) and first law of thermodynamics (the conservation of energy).

…………………………………………

“Everything is kinda the same? Every Friday night is like every other one? Sounds almost comforting. But it would be a mistake to be comforted by the symmetries of the universe. In truth, they are your worst enemies. Everything we know about those rational, predictable arrangements dictates that you shouldn’t be here at all.”
-Phil Anderson
…………………………………………

Quantum gravity has no  global symmetry. 

……………………………………..

Quantum field theory’s quantum fields permeate the Universe and their excitations are ‘felt’ by us  as fundamental particles.

General Relativity’s spacetime describes  how every quantum of matter and energy moves through the Universe and spacetime curvature is ‘felt’ by us as gravity.

……………………………………..

Our memetic models of reality can be improved indefinitely until we get a theory of everything i.e. an all encompassing meme.

 

……………………………………..

 

Supersymmetric confinement represents nothingness. Symmetry breaks to infinity. A cabbage takes smaller volume than its torn foliage.

……………………………………..

 

Sub-atomic particles do not behave the same way when their orientations are flipped into their mirror images. It is a breaking of mirror or “parity” symmetry.

…………………………………………

Perhaps we need  invisible mirror image particles to initially get the real symmetry to explain sub-atomic particles’  mirror symmetry breaking.

…………………………………………

Neutrons in a magnetic field decay sooner than ones in a beam created from a nuclear reactor.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
…………………………………………

Substances on Earth can exist in one of four phases: solid, liquid, gas or plasma.

…………………………………………

Six changes of phase: freezing, melting, condensation, vaporization, sublimation and deposition.

…………………………………………

Sublimation is changing directly from a solid to a gas without going through the liquid phase.

…………………………………………

Deposition is  changing directly from a gas to a solid without going through the liquid phase.
…………………………………………

Water vapor turning to frost is an example of deposition.
…………………………………………

Freezing is when liquid water freezes into ice cubes.
…………………………………………

Melting is when those ice cubes melt.
…………………………………………

Condensation is when dew forms on grass in the morning.
…………………………………………

Vaporization is when water boils and turns into steam.

…………………………………………

Deposition is one you may not know, but this happens when water vapor goes directly to freezing, like when there is frost on a cold winter morning.

…………………………………………

Sublimation happens when dry ice turns directly into gas.
…………………………………………

Gas can also change into a plasma if we can  add an enormous amount of energy to the gas in order to free up the electrons from the atoms.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

Water is more symmetric than ice.

…………………………………………

Dihedral angle is the upward angle(between 60° and 120°) from horizontal of the wings. Anhedral angle”  is negative dihedral angle.
…………………………………………
Symmetry can be regarded as a resource in the teaching of  biology and geometry since  children up to the age of seven spontaneously use symmetries to draw the plant world.

…………………………………………

Cyclic symmetry  represents rotational symmetry around a central point.This symmetry is used to draw the sun.
…………………………………………

Dihedral symmetry  includes both rotational symmetry and reflection symmetry. This symmetry is used to draw the plant world, people and  decorative elements such as stars or hearts.
…………………………………………
Girls use complex symmetries more frequently than boys.

…………………………………………

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..

I wonder if scientific speculations on COSMOS, LIFE and CONSCIOUSNESS can be a form of mass entertainment. After all, spending an entire life asking no existential question is like enjoying a picnic blindfolded. Isn’t life a picnic in space?

……………………………………..

Cerebral celebration!

…………………………………………

“We may fairly say that they alone are engaged in the true duties of life who shall wish to have Zeno, Pythagoras, Democritus, and all the other high priests of liberal studies, and Aristotle and Theophrastus, as their most intimate friends every day.”

-Seneca

…………………………………………

“Of all men they alone are at leisure who take time for philosophy, they alone really live; for they are not content to be good guardians of their own lifetime only. They annex every age to their own; all the years that have gone before them are an addition to their store. Unless we are most ungrateful, all those men, glorious fashioners of holy thoughts, were born for us; for us they have prepared a way of life.”

-Seneca

…………………………………………

“The world is so exquisite with so much love and moral depth, that there is no reason to deceive ourselves with pretty stories for which there’s little good evidence. Far better it seems to me, in our vulnerability, is to look death in the eye and to be grateful every day for the brief but magnificent opportunity that life provides.”

-Carl Sagan

……………………………………..

In Indian philosophy, simple living demands high thinking. Childish consumerism and thereby global warming might spontaneously and efficiently get bridled if, and only if, scientific speculations on cosmos, life and consciousness can at least be a classical, if not mainstream, mass entertainment.

…………………………………………

“I’ll lick life to the lees. I’ve identified ‘life’ with ‘the best possible memetic  explanation of existence’ at this stage of scientific knowledge.”

-NABA KUMAR GARAI

(Hopefully infected with the memes of understanding!)

…………………………………………

…………………………………………

“Suffering arises from craving; the only way to be fully liberated from suffering is to be fully liberated from craving; and the only way to be liberated from craving is to train the mind to experience reality as it is.”
-Yuval Noah Harari, ‘Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind’

…………………………………………

…………………………………………
“Until we have firm understanding of the flow of time, or incontrovertible evidence that it is indeed an illusion, then we will not know who we are, or what part we are playing in the great cosmic drama.”

Paul Davies
……………………………………..
“The more existential knowledge we have, the deeper we live.”
……………………………………..

…………………………………………

Happiness ( yes, meaningful one)  blesses us only when we see life in its entirety as an anthropically  worthwhile adventure. People who identify happiness with fleeting pleasant sensations stay lifelong slaves to those biochemical algorithms.

…………………………………………

Blind chemomechanical  algorithms can tangle themselves into incredible stuff  like  life,  organs, plants, people, etc.

…………………………………………


A fish in the pond should live both horizontally and vertically to attain maximum experience. To live maximally, man needs both horizontal (social bonding) and vertical (existential knowledge) experience.
……………………………………..

“A man who dares to waste one hour of time has not discovered the value of life.”

― Charles Darwin

…………………………………………

“What man can you show me who places any value on his time, who reckons the worth of each day, who understands that he is dying daily? For we are mistaken when we look forward to death; the major portion of death has already passed. Whatever years be behind us are in death’s hands.”

-Seneca

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“Nothing, Lucilius, is ours, except time. We were entrusted by nature with the ownership of this single thing, so fleeting and slippery that anyone who will can oust us from possession. What fools these mortals be! They allow the cheapest and most useless things, which can easily be replaced, to be charged in the reckoning, after they have acquired them; but they never regard themselves as in debt when they have received some of that precious commodity,—time! And yet time is the one loan which even a grateful recipient cannot repay.”

-Seneca

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I’ll be honored to have you as a regular visitor of my site – a blog to enjoy the cutting edge ansatzes at the frontiers of modern science, philosophy, economics, politics and many more. The blog aims to be an intellectual therapy for an individual’s decisive part.It is a crazy attempt to weave the tangled data from apparently alienated disciplines to make sense of the way things are.

Just google “pamper science memes”  or

Bookmark this site to stay existentially updated (Oh, yes! in conformity with empirically scientific theories)

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“Almost nothing material is needed for a happy life, for he who has understood existence.”

– Marcus Aurelius

I wonder if scientific speculations on COSMOS, LIFE and CONSCIOUSNESS can be a form of mass entertainment. After all, spending an entire life asking no existential question is like enjoying a picnic blindfolded. Isn’t life a picnic in space?

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In Indian philosophy, simple living demands high thinking. Childish consumerism and thereby global warming might spontaneously and efficiently get bridled if, and only if, scientific speculations on cosmos, life and consciousness can at least be a classical, if not mainstream, mass entertainment.

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Life is a picked up toy without any playing instructions on it.
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People like Maxwell ,Einstein and Smolin (part natural philosopher, part theoretical physicist ) can’t help speculating on the fundamental meanings of space, time, reality or existence. Our physical existence might just be a part of some still unknown abstract logic(HUP?). So we are part of a mystery. But our souls shiver to call it a mystery.So we name its parts as existence, nature, universe, galaxy, star,planet,earth, stone ,life ,death,food or man or pan or fan.Everything known to us obeys the same mathematical order that allows the emergence of life( palatable information processing) with a physical universe as the context and Darwinian contingencies as tools. But our species is still AS UNINSURED AS DINOSAURS.If we want to survive the demise of the Sun (in 3.5 billion years from now, the Sun will be so hot that the oceans will boil and water vapor will be lost to space)or of the Universe, each of us must somehow be dedicated to science while enjoying this existence/life/dream/romance/planetary picnic-party.As soon as we discover our species playing a contingent fleeting role on the stage of mathematical eternity , our mission becomes to eternize humanity with the help of science. Science is the last rush to escape extinction. Let’s accelerate it by spreading scientific memes or worldviews. Science is life’s ambrosia . “LET IT FLOW”.

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“THERE ARE ONLY TWO WAYS TO LIVE YOUR LIFE. ONE IS AS THOUGH NOTHING IS A MIRACLE. THE OTHER IS AS THOUGH EVERYTHING IS A MIRACLE.” – ALBERT
EINSTEIN

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“BELIEVING AS I DO THAT MAN IN THE
DISTANT FUTURE WILL BE A FAR MORE PERFECT CREATURE THAN HE NOW IS, IT IS AN INTOLERABLE THOUGHT THAT HE AND ALL OTHER SENTIENT BEINGS ARE
DOOMED TO COMPLETE ANNIHILATION AFTER SUCH LONG-CONTINUED SLOW
PROGRESS. WHAT CAN WE DO? WHAT IF WE CHALLENGE THE ASSUMPTION OF INTELLIGENCE HAVING NO INFLUENCE ON THE FUTURE? WHAT IF LIFE AND INTELLIGENCE COULD HAVE INFLUENCE ON THE FUTURE OF THE COSMOS?” -DARWIN’S REACTION TO THE HEAT DEATH OF THE UNIVERSE.

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“Pamper science memes not to be extinct.” – Meme Updater

 Use ‘Translate’ button

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Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle represents the most fundamental initial ‘imperative’ for the universe to exist!

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Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle states that the non-universe(zero energy plus zero change) doesn’t exist because simultaneous measurement of a quantity and its rate of change is impossible. So energy fluctuates at planck scale(extremely small space-time volume). Extremely fluctuated  energy(10^29 eV) destabilizes planckian space-time that begins to  boil like water. Bubbles (universes) form. Most of them pop back into the vacuum, but some low-energy bubbles (for example, our home universe) expand more than others.

 

…………………………………………

 

Our universe might reverse its expansion to collapse into a big crunch or expand into  a big freeze.  In either way, it will be a death-trap for beings(structures) like us!

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Even if leaving this entropically decaying Universe is theoretically possible, it’s well beyond our current technical capabilities!

 

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Since we exist now as a part of the Universe, we will  exist forever, at least in space-time/ mass-energy  symmetry!

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Newton first told people that no abracadabra(magical prayers) works since things obey natural laws.

Machine-based industrial revolution was the direct result of Newton’s mechanistic, deterministic view of the universe.  

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Newton’s assumption about the absolute nature of space/time is both wrong and intuitively boring. On the other hand, Einstein’s general relativity describes space-time as a four-dimensional fabric and gravity as a curvature! Our text books should put Einstein first before Newton to make science attractive to our kids!

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Einstein showed how  temporal span  varies  relatively with an observer’s  height and speed.
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Einstein’s general relativity says that even parallel lines will always cross, because space-time itself is curved by matter!
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Einstein’s general relativity says that both Euclid and Newton were wrong about  space and time!

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Our schools should allow our kids to wonder and speculate about how  space bends, time slows, parallel lines  meet or the universe comes into being ! Kids will embrace science as a life-long joy if they feel the thrill of curved space-time or quantum non-locality!

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The Euclidean geometry kids learn at school is approximate, because we belong to a non-Euclidean universe where parallel lines  meet!

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Our science teachers should expose our kids to all the  fascinating ideas (emerging from current scientific researches) solely for the sake of sparking imagination. We need scientists for the survival of our species in an indifferent , mechanical universe.

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“When the student is ready the teacher will appear.” 

-Mabel Collins

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You often feel tired, not because you’ve done too much, but because you’ve done too little of what sparks a light in you. ” ― Anonymous
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“Stop acting so small. You are the universe in ecstatic motion. ” ― Rumi
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“The happiest people don’t have the best of everything, they just make the best of everything. ” ― Anonymous
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“Just as there is no loss of basic energy in the universe, so no thought or action is without its effects, present or ultimate, seen or unseen, felt or unfelt. ” ― Norman Cousins
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Science fingers at our unlimited ignorance.
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To properly understand and explain the world, we need scientific methods.
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Atomic theory is the most useful scientific theory.
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General relativity is the most beautiful scientific theory.
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Quantum mechanics is the strangest scientific theory.

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While general relativity is the cutest, quantum mechanics is the strangest.
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It is an intellectual bliss to try to wonder about our very existence in the light of modern scientific theories like general relativity and quantum mechanics.
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People should accept science as an
integral and vital aspect of our culture.

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Young Einstein dared to waste time by reading Kant and attending University lectures only for pleasure. After a few years, he wrote three separate articles laying foundations for most useful(atomic theory), most beautiful (relativity)and most unworldly(quantum mechanics) scientific  theories.

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“Literally the stuff of which we’re made came from the deep interior of stars that exploded, and we evolved by the very same laws and rules that the rest of the universe evolves by.” – Brian Greene

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“The atoms of our bodies are traceable to stars that manufactured them in their cores and exploded these enriched ingredients across our galaxy, billions of years ago. For this reason, we are biologically connected to every other living thing in the world. We are chemically connected to all molecules on Earth. And we are atomically connected to all atoms in the universe. We are not figuratively, but literally stardust.”
– Neil deGrasse Tyson

 

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Many huge balls circle and roll in the vacuum of space — and we live on one of them.
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Our earth is a rocky ball circling around a gaseous ball (Sun).

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Planets, moons, stars, asteroids and black holes are all gaseous or stony balls.

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“A human being is part of the whole, called by us ‘Universe’; a part limited in time and space. They experience themselves, their thoughts and feelings as something separated from the rest — a kind of optical delusion of consciousness.

This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and affection for a few persons nearest us.
Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.

Nobody is able to achieve this completely but striving for such achievement is, in itself, a part of the liberation and a foundation for inner security.”
– Albert Einstein
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“What this passage reveals is a conversion from personal religion to the ‘cosmic religion’ of science, an experience which changed him for the rest of his life. Einstein saw that the universe is governed by laws that can be known by us but that are independent of our thoughts and feelings…………..The existence of this cosmic code — the laws of material reality as confirmed by experience — is the bedrock faith that moves the natural scientist. The scientist sees in that code the eternal structure of reality, not as imposed by man or tradition but as written into the very substance of the universe. This recognition of the nature of the universe can come as a profound and moving experience to the young mind.”
-Heinz Pagels
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‘I am the wisest man in the world, for I know I know nothing.’
– Socrates

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A tiny part of a huge stone suddenly got cut off and acquired ‘thinking power’. The fragment began to wonder why they both existed at all.
A man is a fragment. The universe is a huge stone. When the fragment knows about the bigger stone, it actually knows about its own ‘larger identity’.
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Our fate is to adjust to three  reactions to the mysterious cage called ‘existence’. To some extent, we hate it like a curse . To some extent, we  love it as a blessing . To some extent, we challenge it as a riddle. This challenge is officially called ‘science’.
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A physics book isn’t an instruction manual for nature.
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A physics book contains just our best guesses about how nature works.
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We don’t know why we’re here or why anything exists at all .
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If this moment seems boring to you, just think how many bizarre(our scientists still don’t know exactly how causation emerges) phenomena have made it possible .
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If you like riddles, look at the whole of existence from a distance. Why we exist at all is the greatest riddle shrouded in still undefined knowledges of physics, mathematics and biology.
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Reality is stranger than fiction. Cutting edge scientific ansatzs are queerer than our weirdest fairy tales and can boost our kids’ imaginative power.
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Biological evolution explains diversification of plants and animals by variation and natural selection. The origin of life is still UNKNOWN. Perhaps life started as a chemical system.

Cosmological evolution explains the formation of galaxies, stars or planets by an expanding big bang model of our universe. The origin of the universe is still UNKNOWN. Perhaps our universe started as a quantum system.
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“ Respond to every call that excites your spirit. ”
― Rumi

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“Humanity as an abstract doesn’t exist; humanity is the human being.”
Eckhart Tolle
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“You are not IN the universe, you ARE the universe, an intrinsic part of it. Ultimately you are not a person, but a focal point where the universe is becoming conscious of itself. What an amazing miracle!”

Eckhart Tolle

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“On a deeper level you are already complete. When you realize that, there is a joyous energy behind what you do.”
Eckhart Tolle

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“The Truth is far more powerful than any weapon of mass destruction.”

  • Gandhi
    ……………………………………..
    ……………………………………..
    “Life is an adventure, it’s not a package tour.” ~ Eckhart Tolle

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“Most people treat the present moment as if it were an obstacle that they need to overcome. Since the present moment is life itself, it is an insane way to live.”

Eckhart Tolle

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“Time isn’t precious at all, because it is an illusion.”

Eckhart Tolle

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Even before finishing his High School study Zurek read “The Feynman Lectures in Physics”.

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From Kepler, Newton learned that our fundamental existential riddles can be solved using measuring instruments as well as mathematical reasoning to the data.

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From Galileo, Newton learned that our most important duty is to discover the relationships in nature using logic.
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From Descartes, Newton learned that it is always possible to discover the underlying mechanical laws to explain the phenomenon.

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..……………………………………………………………………………………

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Time is the length of life, while love is the depth of life.

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Origin of life on earth might be the origin of love in nature.

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The geological  restlessness of a  hadean planet has turned into love, an existential restlessness.

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I want to get you ( a quantum probability) back again. So…..

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“Love consists of this: two solitudes that meet, protect and greet each other.”
― Rainer Maria Rilke
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Love is discovering own happiness in another’s happiness.
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Love is all about crossing the borders.

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Mathematics plays an important role in the technological advancement of modern civilization.

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We don’t know why math works so well to explain our physical world.

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Mathematics might be humankind’s mere trick not an inherent cosmic language.

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We all use math in our daily lives.

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Math is everywhere in nature–from the spiral in the center of a sunflower to the whirlpool of a galaxy.

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Math predicted the discovery of the Higgs boson and the successful landing of rovers on Mars.

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The uncanny accuracy with which mathematics reveals the secrets of the universe, makes it seem an inherent part of nature.

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Mathematical descriptions are biased by human lifespans. If the human lifespan were as long as the universe, the Sun would appear to be a short-lived fluctuation with negligible energy.

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Mathematical counting has its physical limits. At some point, numbers can’t count. The number of apples might be so large that the gravitational pull of all the apples draws them into a black hole.

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If things and people were not solid but gaseous, counting discrete objects using human constructs like integers would not be so obvious.

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Mathematical axioms based on the notion of simple counting are not innate to our universe.

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Mathematics is a human invention not discovery.

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If the universe is not inherently mathematical, we have greater freedom of speculation.

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Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..……………………………………………………………………………………

 

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If the electric repulsion between protons were just a bit stronger, then our familiar atoms, and hence chemistry, and hence life itself, could not apparently exist.

 

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 …………………………………………

Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle represents the most fundamental initial ‘imperative’ for the universe to exist!

…………………………………………

Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle states that the non-universe(zero energy plus zero change) doesn’t exist because simultaneous measurement of a quantity and its rate of change is impossible. So energy fluctuates at planck scale(extremely small space-time volume). Extremely fluctuated energy(10^29 eV) destabilizes planckian space-time that begins to boil like water. Bubbles (universes) form. Most of them pop back into the vacuum, but some low-energy bubbles (for example, our home universe) expand more than others.

 

…………………………………………

 

Our universe might reverse its expansion to collapse into a big crunch or expand into a big freeze. In either way, it will be a death-trap for beings(structures) like us!

…………………………………………

 

Even if leaving this entropically decaying Universe is theoretically possible, it’s well beyond our current technical capabilities!

 

…………………………………………

Since we exist now as a part of the Universe, we will exist forever, at least in space-time/ mass-energy symmetry!

………………………………………… 

We might be the product of design, coincidence, multiverse or evolution.

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Some particular properties of the universe keep up our very existence as living, conscious beings.

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A man is an arrangement of dust on one small planet out of billions of trillions in  a universe, which might again be one of many universes.

 

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Only a thinking man  gives  meaning to an otherwise nonexistent universe.

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No ‘right now across the universe’  exists.
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“Everything we do in science is conditioned by the way we look at the world and the way we look at the world is necessarily limited.”

-Marcelo Gleiser, a theoretical physicist

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We can never look at the universe from the “outside.”

 

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HUP represents the most fundamental initial ‘imperative’ for the universe to exist.
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Methuselah is the oldest known star in the universe.

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According to measurements of the expansion rate of the universe, based on Einstein’s theory of General Relativity, the universe was born through the Big Bang at around 13.8 billion years ago.

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The analysis of  “Methuselah star” suggests that it is 14.5 billion years old – some 700 million years older than the universe!

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“Methuselah star” contains very little iron, suggesting that it had formed before the element became available in the universe.

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In understanding universe, we’re like dogs whose brains are too limited to grasp the fact that when we switch the positions of containers, we also switch the positions of their contents.

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If NOTHING existed before the universe came into existence 13.8 billion years ago, it was an effect without a cause.

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Quantum physics states that the non-universe(zero energy plus zero change) doesn’t exist because simultaneous measurement of a quantity and its rate of change is impossible. In other words, the more accurately you know the location of something, the less accurately you know the speed.


According to HUP, there is always some non-zero probability for our universe to come into existence. ………………………………………… Our universe is a symmetric deviation. …………………………………………
There is no physical universe, only a formless flux of snailpaced sensations. ………………………………………… There is no physical universe, only a flux of interpretations. …………………………………………
………………………………………… There is no physical universe, only a formless flux of snailpaced sensations. ………………………………………… From ‘zero’ to ‘infinite’ – all energy values are quantum-mechanically(HUP) superposed to represent a multiverse. ………………………………………… Our particular universe might not be an accidental one.

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An organism is lucky enough to belong to a logical process called ‘cosmos’.


COSMOS might be a lowenergy and thereby longlasting quantum fluctuation due to Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle identical to the existence of virtual particle pairs, virtual black holes and spacetime foams within 10^-44 seconds or 10^-35 meters.


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Nothingness is equivalent to some completely undifferentiated stuff (fundamental fields? ) spread out infinitely without bound.
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“This huge world stands before us like a great eternal riddle.”
-Einstein
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“Universe” is a translation of “quantum field excitation lasting enough to evolve into composites like us.”
…………………………………………
Energy-time uncertainty principle means that in a small enough amount of time, a particle of any energy can appear and disappear without anyone knowing outside of that time scale.
…………………………………………
Any field can have excitations in the vacuum, and those excitations might be short lived, but they are there.
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Most people think of a vacuum as nothing, but the fact is that the vacuum of space is loaded with quantum fields, which produce quantum foam.
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There are no particles and no waves; just fields.
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The knowledge of an indifferent universe strengthens our emotional bonds.
…………………………………………
Planckian spacetime  is literally eternal.
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The most likely way to get the big answers is to engage with the universe as a whole.

…………………………………………
A coherent story about the universe not only predicts  experiments, but also  explains the physical properties that made atoms, planets, rainbows, and people.
…………………………………………
We inhabit and observe a large scale universe.
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Our universe ,a locally inhomogeneous asymmetry , belongs to a globally homogeneous symmetry. It resembles a bubble in water.Our universe is not a thing but a pattern. It is a signal emerging from noise.
…………………………………………

 
An inflationary scalar energy field => quantum fluctuations=> rapid expansion of a tiny patch up to macroscopic scale=>  the field settled  into a lower energy state by decaying into particles, radiation and continued expansion of the universe => quantum fluctuations grew via gravity to form galaxies and clusters of galaxies.
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Where did the laws of physics come from? Why are there four main forces? Who decided that? Why is the speed of light 300,000 kilometers per second? Why is the electron mass 511 keV?
Why is the universe orderly anyway? Why is the speed of light always the same?
…………………………………………

Edward Tryon dared to suggest that the Universe appeared “out of nothing” due to a “quantum fluctuation”.
…………………………………………
“I offer the modest proposal that our Universe is simply one of those things which happen from time to time.”

  • Edward Tryon
    …………………………………………
    “I sometimes refer to the process of inflation as the ultimate free lunch.” — Alan H. Guth
    …………………………………………

Cosmology is still very speculative as to what happened before the Big Bang.

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There are many  competing explanations behind the Big Bang.

……………………………………..

The big bang might be  1) one time the emergence of  space and time from nothingness; 2)one of  the collisions of stringy membranes; 3)one of the  endless self-sustaining cycles of contraction and expansion; and 4) ?

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The Big Bang might not be the literal beginning.

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Our physical universe is just a linguistic translation of ‘a formless flux of  snailplaced sensations’.

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Scientific cosmogonies  are supported by good reasons and evidence.

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There is no obvious place in scientific cosmogonies  for meaning.

……………………………………..

What we now know of the mechanism  of the universe undermines our previous certainty about meaning.

……………………………………..

The future of the universe  is highly speculative and was inconceivable to our ancestors.

……………………………………..

The universe might: 1) reverse its expansion to collapse into a big crunch; 2) expand into  a big freeze; 3) be torn apart in a big rip; 4) repeatedly bounce; or 5) exist as multiverses.

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“The universe is made of stories, not atoms.”

—  Roger Penrose
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Planets, stars, moons, even the galaxy itself — are all spinning. But we are not sure about the universe.

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Scientists are still in confusion about the fundamental nature of the universe.

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CMB light  suggests that the universe is largely uniform and not spinning.
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Quantum physics states that the non-universe(zero energy plus zero change) doesn’t exist because simultaneous measurement of a quantity and its rate of change is impossible. In other words, the more accurately you know the location of something, the less accurately you know the speed.


…………………………………………
An organism is lucky enough to belong to a logical process called ‘cosmos’.


COSMOS might be a lowenergy and thereby longlasting quantum fluctuation due to Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle identical to the existence of virtual particle pairs, virtual black holes and spacetime foams within 10^-44 seconds or 10^-35 meters.


—————————————–
Nothingness is equivalent to some completely undifferentiated stuff (fundamental fields? ) spread out infinitely without bound.
—————————————–
“This huge world stands before us like a great eternal riddle.”
-Einstein
—————————————–
…………………………………………
“Universe” is a translation of “quantum field excitation lasting enough to evolve into composites like us.”
…………………………………………
Energy-time uncertainty principle means that in a small enough amount of time, a particle of any energy can appear and disappear without anyone knowing outside of that time scale.
…………………………………………
Any field can have excitations in the vacuum, and those excitations might be short lived, but they are there.
…………………………………………
Most people think of a vacuum as nothing, but the fact is that the vacuum of space is loaded with quantum fields, which produce quantum foam.
…………………………………………
There are no particles and no waves; just fields.
…………………………………………
The knowledge of an indifferent universe strengthens our emotional bonds.
…………………………………………
Planckian spacetime  is literally eternal.
……………………………………..
The most likely way to get the big answers is to engage with the universe as a whole.

…………………………………………
A coherent story about the universe not only predicts  experiments, but also  explains the physical properties that made atoms, planets, rainbows, and people.
…………………………………………
We inhabit and observe a large scale universe.
…………………………………………
Our universe ,a locally inhomogeneous asymmetry , belongs to a globally homogeneous symmetry. It resembles a bubble in water.Our universe is not a thing but a pattern. It is a signal emerging from noise.
…………………………………………
An inflationary scalar energy field => quantum fluctuations=> rapid expansion of a tiny patch up to macroscopic scale=>  the field settled  into a lower energy state by decaying into particles, radiation and continued expansion of the universe => quantum fluctuations grew via gravity to form galaxies and clusters of galaxies.
…………………………………………
Where did the laws of physics come from? Why are there four main forces? Who decided that? Why is the speed of light 300,000 kilometers per second? Why is the electron mass 511 keV?
Why is the universe orderly anyway? Why is the speed of light always the same?
…………………………………………

Edward Tryon dared to suggest that the Universe appeared “out of nothing” due to a “quantum fluctuation”.
…………………………………………
“I offer the modest proposal that our Universe is simply one of those things which happen from time to time.”

  • Edward Tryon
    …………………………………………
    “I sometimes refer to the process of inflation as the ultimate free lunch.” — Alan H. Guth
    …………………………………………

Cosmology is still very speculative as to what happened before the Big Bang.

……………………………………..

There are many  competing explanations behind the Big Bang.

……………………………………..

The big bang might be  1) one time the emergence of  space and time from nothingness; 2)one of  the collisions of stringy membranes; 3)one of the  endless self-sustaining cycles of contraction and expansion; and 4) ?

……………………………………..

The Big Bang might not be the literal beginning.

……………………………………..

Scientific cosmogonies  are supported by good reasons and evidence.

……………………………………..

There is no obvious place in scientific cosmogonies  for meaning.

……………………………………..

What we now know of the mechanism  of the universe undermines our previous certainty about meaning.

……………………………………..

The future of the universe  is highly speculative and was inconceivable to our ancestors.

……………………………………..

The universe might: 1) reverse its expansion to collapse into a big crunch; 2) expand into  a big freeze; 3) be torn apart in a big rip; 4) repeatedly bounce; or 5) exist as multiverses.

……………………………………..

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—————————————–

Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..…………………………………………

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Some Quantum Darwinists dream of  a theoretical framework that needs no classical environment, but just shows how classical reality can emerge from mutually interactive  quantum systems!

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In advanced quantum Darwinism experiment, a  nitrogen atom replaces a carbon atom in a diamond.

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Since a nitrogen atom has one more electron than carbon, this excess electron cannot pair up with neighboring carbon electrons to form a chemical bond.

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Since an unpaired electron acts as a lone “spin,” it serves as an arrow pointing up or down.

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A lone spin stays in a superposition pointing  up and/or  down.

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A nitrogen atom’s electron lone spin

can be magnetically coupled to about four carbon-13 spins.

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Carbon-13 atom,  unlike the more abundant carbon-12,  has spin due to an unpaired neutron.

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A nitrogen-vacancy spin is coupled to about four carbon-13 spins within a distance of about 1 nanometer.

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Modern lasers and radio-frequency pulses can register a change in the nitrogen spin  by changes in the nuclear spins of the environmental(carbon-13) atoms.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism experiment, the state of the nitrogen spin is “recorded” as multiple copies in the nuclear spins of the environmental(carbon-13) atoms.

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The information about the nitrogen spin saturates quickly allowing the emergence of classicality as more of the environment is considered.

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Zurek’s quantum Darwinism shows  an internal self-consistency in quantum theory.

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A quantum system imprints replicas of itself on its environment.

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…………………………………………

In quantum Darwinism experiments,

only a few particles/ a single photon serves as the quantum system, with a handful of other photons serving as the “environment” that interacts with it and broadcasts information about it.
Some laser photons combine them into multiply entangled groups. Then  the environment photons are interrogated to see what information they encode about the system photon’s pointer state – its polarization (the orientation of its oscillating electromagnetic fields), one of the quantum properties able to pass through the filter of quantum Darwinian selection.

…………………………………………

Since information saturates soon,
measurements of just one of the environment photons reveal a lot of the available information about the system photon’s polarization, and measuring an increasing fraction of the environment photons provided diminishing returns.

…………………………………………
In quantum Darwinism experiments,even a single photon can act as an environment to initiate decoherence and selection if it interacts strongly enough with the lone system photon. When interactions are weaker, a larger environment must be monitored.
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.

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We get a classically objective “position” of a thing because its position state can imprint many identical replicas in the environment.

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An observer can’t monitor more than a fraction of the environment because  the redundancy (repetition of messages to reduce the probability of errors in transmission) of information  quickly saturates.

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Moneymaking mindset looks down upon philosophy. But  quantum physicists  often adopt philosophical interpretations to invent  quantum computers or AI.

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Information about some of the pointer states gets replicated and imprinted on environmental photons in ‘classically accessible format’. So a particular field excitation and its associated fundamental particle can contribute to the formation of atoms,molecules and people.

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Ever since Max Planck proposed quantum theory, physicists have been still trying to reconcile it to Einstein’s relativity.

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“Pointer states”  are measurable properties that researchers can “point” to with a measuring device.

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Pointer states are “sieved and selected” by the environment.

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According to Riedel and Zurek, quantum-information is “copied prolifically into the environment to take on classical-information.

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Since quantum-information is “copied prolifically into the environment, only a small amount of the environment is sufficient to infer the value of the variables. Even a single photon can act as an environment.

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A grain of dust one micrometer across, after being illuminated by the sun for just one microsecond, will have its location imprinted about 100 million times in the scattered photons.

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The redundancy of a particular information(pointer state) imprinted as many identical replicas in the environment creates classical-like properties.

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When photons scatter off an object, we can see it. Photons carry information to our retina in the form of a partial replica of certain pointer states (fundamental measurable properties) about the object, saying something about its position, shape and color.

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Lots of replicas are needed if many observers are to agree on a measured value of some pointer state — a hallmark of classicality. Only lucky pointer states get informationally multiplied in the form of copies imprinted on the environment. Pointer states struggle for classicality. To get imprinted on the environment is enough for their  classicality. Formal observer or measurement is not needed. The entire environment works as an observer.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, pointer states resemble genes or memes.

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According to Zurek’s quantum Darwinism , our concrete reality condenses(or gets transacted?) from the multiple competing options  residing fundamentally in quantum realm ( or in subjectively inaccessible  Tegmarkian objectivity/entity?).

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Quantum superposition doesn’t really mean that it is in several states at once; rather, it means that if we make a measurement we will see one of those outcomes. Our familiar existential reality is not objectively independent but  transactional/medium-born/ subjective/in-transit/signal-processed.

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An object can exist only  if a

perfectly accurate mathematical description of the universe mathematically allows it to do so. Such a description resembles Tegmark’s  mathematical universe.

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Mere existing might just  be a duality(interchangeability)  for a mathematical tool for making perfectly

accurate predictions, and vice versa. That’s why our existential  reality consists of subjective yes-no questions.

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Zurek’s quantum Darwinism attempts to explain how quantum possibilities can give rise to objective, classical reality.
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The laws of physics arranged by Isaac Newton and Einstein — according to which objects have well-defined positions and properties at all times – don’t work at atomic, subatomic and sub-sub-atomic(planckian) scales.

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At atomic, subatomic and sub-sub-atomic(planckian) scales, classical  concreteness dissolves into a soup of possibilities. An atom has no definite position but the probability of finding it in various places.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, the definite properties(position, speed, spin direction, etc. ) associated with classical physics get naturally selected from a menu of quantum possibilitie(states) since information about robust states get copied,  transmitted and reproduced   fundamentally by  electromagnetic field and apparently  by environmental photons. Since   information about a quantum system gets repeatedly imprinted on our so-called environments, many independent observers agree on a measured value — a hallmark of classicality!

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Electromagnetic field itself is ‘not a thing’ to be seen but medium/wire/default canvas / picture-tube/channel. Changes or distortions on electromagnetic field propagate as signals to make the the world ‘visible’.

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“The main idea of quantum Darwinism is that we almost never do any direct measurement on anything. [The environment] is like a big advertising billboard, which floats multiple copies of the information about our universe all over the place.”
-W. H.Zurek

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Some quantum states are robust states that can resist decoherence.Such  states have measurable and definite physical quantities like the particle’s velocity and position, equating (or creating?) classical reality. Such states are called ‘pointer states’.

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When  a quantum system interacts with the environment, only its pointer states survive. Such a pointer state  can imprint its “replica” in the environment to build classical reality.Some recent laboratory experiments support quantum Darwinism.

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Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution suggests that nature favors the fittest organism to survive.
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According to quantum mechanics, we should have many realities instead of the one we’re stuck with. Our perceived reality might be the selected one via a quantum form of Darwinism.

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Superposition is the ability of a quantum system to be in multiple states at the same time.
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“Everybody was privileged. There were only privileged people. The others would all be condemned one day. And he would be condemned, too.”

-Albert Camus

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“I don’t know whether this world has a meaning that transcends it. But I know that I cannot know that meaning and that it is impossible for me just now to know it.”

-Albert Camus

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“Nobody realizes that some people expend tremendous energy merely to be normal.”

-Albert Camus

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Only innocence is to be feared.

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“Everything is permitted’ does not mean that nothing is forbidden.”

-Albert Camus

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“Existence is illusory and it is eternal.”

-Albert Camus

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“One recognizes one’s course by discovering the paths that stray from it.”

-Albert Camus

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“A profound thought is in a constant state of becoming; it adopts the experience of a life and assumes its shape.”

-Albert Camus

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“A profound thought might be life itself.”

-Meme Updater

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Quantum-to-classical transition is a riddle at the frontier of physics.

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In traditional quantum decoherence theory, environment is a sink that washes away quantum coherence, suppressing quantum superposition in open quantum system.

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In quantum Darwinism, environment is a strainer that sieves out robust quantum states to build  classical objectivity.

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In quantum Darwinism simulation, many environmental photons are scattered from an observed quantum system. When they are collected, they reveal redundancy of system’s classical information and suppression of quantum correlation in the fragments of environmental photons.

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There is no  fundamental distinction between the familiar macroscopic (classical) and the unfamiliar microscopic (quantum) realms.
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In Wojciech Zurek’s Quantum Darwinism, classical states are actually robust quantum states that survive entanglement during decoherence.

…………………………………………In Zurek’s Quantum Darwinism, information about robust quantum states will be duplicated many times and disseminated throughout the environment. The fittest quantum states will be copied. Copied  states are same to all observers.Thus we get an objective classical reality.
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Quantum world is different from classical one to the extent that no mathematical formalism permits the rigorous passage from one world to another.

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The weirdness of quantum mechanics is telling us something.
But we are still unable to understand it.
—————————————–
Wheeler used the slogan ‘it from bit’ to mean that the physical universe is made not of matter but of information.
—————————————–
Quantum theory treats an observation as a yes/no question.
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“Information may not be just what we learn about the world. It may be what makes the world.”-Wheeler
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Even simple collective systems like crystals and waves exhibit causal emergence. Grouping represents a  kind of changes or patterns in monotonous default states .

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Scientists reject all notions of causes except fundamental forces acting between particles.
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Consciousness is an integrated information: bits encoded in the complex networking of neurons, which link together into larger and larger ensembles.
—————————————–
Quantization of the causal power of brain states represents consciousness at macro scales.
—————————————–
The best measure of causation is in bits.
—————————————–
Causation depends on effective or integrated information to influence the future state of a system.
—————————————–
Effective information belongs to the groups of neurons working as single units.
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A system itself or its description or observation can be viewed as coarse-grained or fine-grained. A kilometre broken into inches has finer granularity than a kilometre broken into metre.
—————————————–
At a certain macroscopic scale, effective information along with causal power, predictability and consciousness peaks. Further
coarse-graining kills all .
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We’re tuned into the scales of rocks, tsunamis, planets and all other visible  objects evolutionarily because these spatiotemporal quantizations are causally emergent.
—————————————–
Randomness and redundancy  in the micro or base scales go against any  causal structure.
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Instead of atomic states, a psychological or physiological description can predict an organism’s future situations .It is an example of causal emergence.
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Agency doesn’t exist among the atoms.Causal emergence strengthens agent description.

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Macro states strengthen deterministic causal structure since error-correcting codes in the form of quantization or digitalisation strengthens information channels.Hence, macroscopic entities have greater influence over the future than does the sum of their microscopic components.

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“Codes reduce noise and uncertainty in transmitted data”. — Claude Shannon’s information theory (1948)

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Error-correcting codes in the form of quantization or digitalisation strengthens top-down causation in nature.
—————————————–
The universe is an information channel.
—————————————–
Top-down causal structures account for many emergent phenomena such as superconductivity and topological phases of matter.

—————————————–

Collective systems represent extra causal emergence.

Causal emergence is alien to the reductionist view of nature.
—————————————–
The relationships between the micro and macro levels of reality come down to the notion of causation.
—————————————–

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Information resides in additional systems (computer memory, piece of paper, etc.) in which copies are stored in an orthogonal product state that has no record of the outcomes.
…………………………………………

Actionable records – information that can be acted upon – reside in orthogonal subspaces of Hilbert space.
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Pure states need to be orthogonal in order to act as originals for (even imperfect) copies. However, one could also use as originals their linear combinations – their superpositions – as long as they are orthogonal.

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Mixed states constitute actionable records –i.e., use their linear combinations as actionable records of something else.

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Only records of outcomes need to be orthogonal, as only they – and not the original quantum states of the microsystem – need to be repeatedly accessible.
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“QD putatively explains, or helps to explain, all of classicality, including everyday macroscopic objects that aren’t in a laboratory, or that existed before there were any humans.”

  • Jess Riedel
    …………………………………………

When any two quantum systems  interact, they get “entangled” with each other, entering a shared quantum state in which their possibile properties are interdependent.
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If an atom with a superposition of spin “up” and “down”  collides and gets entangled with an air molecule , both the atom and the air molecule  take on a joint superposition. Different spin means diffrent trajectory for the air molecule.
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With more collisional entanglements   the superposition initially specific to an atom becomes ever more diffuse.
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With ever increasing diffusion, an atom’s superposition decreasingly branches out and superposed states no longer interfere coherently with one another . It looks as though the atom’s superposition has been replaced by a menu of possible classical-like outcomes that no longer interfere with one another. This is the quantum Darwinian explaination of decoherence.
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A typical dust grain floating in the air might lose the superposition in about 10−31 seconds. Even in a vacuum, we can’t look at the grain without destroying its superposition with a photon.

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Quantum systems have some states that are especially robust in the face of disruptive decoherence by the environment.

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Zurek’s robust states are called  “pointer states,” because they can be encoded in the possible states of a pointer on the dial of a measuring instrument.
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The process by which nuclear spin decoherence gives rise to classical objectivity is the same as that occurs due to photons in our macroscopic world.

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Quantum superpositions are embedded in a much larger environment, initially out of equilibrium.
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Environment selects certain preferred
states, and proliferates accessible information about them into the world,
keeping non-redundant quantum correlations to the dustbin of inaccessibility.
…………………………………………

Quantum Darwinism describes the proliferation, in the environment, of multiple records of selected states of a quantum system.
…………………………………………
Quantum Darwinism explains how the fragility of a state of a single quantum system can lead to the classical robustness of states of their correlated multitude.
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Quantum Darwinism shows how effective ‘wavepacket collapse’ arises as a result of proliferation throughout the environment of imprints of the states of quantum system; and provides a framework for the derivation of Born’s rule suggesting that the right way to interpret the wavy nature of quantum particles is as waves of probability.
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In quantum Darwinism,  particles leave imprints on their environment and what we experience as reality is the observation of copies of these imprints.
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In our  classical world,  we’re either here or there, but never both. In quantum mechanics , a particle can exist in more than one simultaneous state.

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In our  classical world, we can look at the same thing a billion times and it won’t suddenly become something else.
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In our  classical world, we can’t “use up all our observations” of a thing. In quantum world, particles exist in multiple states and when we interfere with them by merely observing or trying to measure them, it causes them to collapse into the state we see.
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“How is it then possible that objects we deal with [in the classical world] can be safely observed, even though their basic building blocks are quantum?”

Zurek

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, our apparent classical world is an  emergence  from the fundamental  quantum substrate of our Universe.
…………………………………………

Zurek’s quantum Darwinism shows the role of the environment in the transition from quantum to classical.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, pointer states are the preferred sets of states that define our everyday classical reality.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, pointer states emerge as a result of the breaking of the unitary symmetry of the Hilbert space which happens when the unitarity of quantum evolutions encounters nonlinearities inherent in the process of amplification—of replicating information.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, pointer states determine and define events—without appealing to Born’s Rule for probabilities.
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The entanglement-assisted invariance, or envariance is the  symmetry of entangled quantum states.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism,

information flows are responsible for decoherence.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, information flows are responsible for  the perception of objective classical reality.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, the effective amplification that information flows represent accounts for the objective existence of the einselected states of macroscopic quantum systems through the redundancy of pointer state records in their environment.

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Even theoretical foundations of quantum mechanics have an impact on contemporary society.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, observers perceive the state of the ‘rest of the Universe’ relative to their own state, or—to be more precise—relative to the state of their records. Thus, it avoids a ‘many worlds’ ontology.
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It is a great mistake to expect that a single idea should provide a complete solution.
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Explaining reality calls for several ideas  in the right order.

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Bohr’s quantum theory initially needs a classical domain.

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A  fully quantum Universe has  effectively classical but ultimately quantum states to  define what exists—branches of the universal state vector.
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Without a preferred basis, relative quantum states are just ‘too relative’, and Zurek’s relative state approach suffers from basis ambiguity.
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In open quantum systems, only certain quantum states retain stability in spite of the immersion of the system in the environment.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism,  superpositions are unstable, and quickly decay into mixtures of the einselected, stable pointer states.
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Einselection is environment-induced superselection.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism,  Born’s Rule can be derived from entanglement-assisted invariance, or envariance—from the symmetry of entangled quantum states.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism,  envariance is a purely quantum symmetry, as it is critically dependent on the telltale quantum feature—entanglement.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism,  envariance is a purely quantum symmetry that explains the origin of probabilities relevant for statistical physics and thermodynamics.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism,  the fundamental derivation of objective probabilities allows one to discuss information flows in our quantum Universe, and hence understand how the perception of classical reality emerges from the quantum substrate.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, even preferred quantum states defined by einselection are still ultimately quantum.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, preferred quantum states can be found out without getting disrupted by initially ignorant observers through direct measurement by upgrading the role of the environment.

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In traditional decoherence theory, the environment is the collection of degrees of freedom where quantum coherence (and hence phase information) is lost.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism,  the environment plays the role of a witness to the state of the system of interest, and a communication channel through which the information reaches us, the observers.

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While temperature is an average measure of motion, time is a cumulative measure of motion.

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Wojciech Zurek, in his ‘Quantum Darwinism’, attempts to explain why we have one reality instead of many quantum states or possibilities.

…………………………………………
Though things aren’t fluctuating in and out of existence in our  consistent reality ,a particle fundamentally exists in quantum superposition- in a range of possible states.
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The main idea of quantum Darwinism is that it’s how the system is interacting with its environment that causes decoherence, rather than the observation of it.
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The ubiquity (the state of being everywhere at once) of environmental influences is why we don’t see big objects to stay  in quantum states.

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Zurek says that quantum systems exhibit “pointer states” – characteristics like a particle’s location or speed that can be measured.
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During interactions with the environment around it, a particle’s superpositions (like alternative speeds or locations) decohere, with only the pointer state remanning.
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“Pointer state” is the state we can observe as it “imprints” its replica on the environment.
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Only the “fittest” state that is best adapted for the environment will come out of decoherence. Hence, Zurek’s theory is called quantum  Darwinism.
…………………………………………
“The main idea of quantum Darwinism is that we almost never do any direct measurement on anything.”

Dr. Wojciech Zurek

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“[The environment] is like a big advertising billboard, which floats multiple copies of the information about our universe all over the place.”

Dr. Wojciech Zurek

…………………………………………
Ever since Max Planck proposed quantum theory, physicists have tried to unify classical physics and quantum physics.
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Classical physics and quantum physics seemingly operate under very different sets of rules.
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The unreal workings of quantum mechanics can give rise to a tangible universe.

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In superposition, a particle can exist in a variety of quantum states. But this isn’t to say that the particle is in all these states at once.
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Superposed states are like waves rolling into a rocky beach and interacting with one another. However, once a single surfer pops  up on one of those waves, other waves disappear.
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Quantum particles always interact  with their environment.
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Particles existed before human beings were around to observe them.
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Zurek’s quantum Darwinism , at least theoretically, explains everyday macroscopic objects that aren’t in a laboratory, or that existed before there were any humans.

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Quantum Darwinism (QD) is a informationtheoretic explanation for objective reality independent of any observer.

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Quantum Darwinism attempts to unify  the works of Darwin, Einstein, and Hawking.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, reality is just the imprint left behind from quantum dices giving birth to random but robust  possibilities  like  particles, universes or  lucky observers  like us.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, our  familiar classical world is just the tip of  a quantum world. Classical physical quantities  are analogically surface level waves on a quantum sea.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, forms  are just dualistically physical expression of robust physical quantities ( possible quantum states).

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, information about ‘randomly robust’ quantum states proliferates throughout the world via the environment (already entangled or diffused states ).

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, redundantly imprinted information is independently accessible by ‘many already entangled or diffused states’ described well with umbrella terms like  ‘environment’ or ‘observer’.
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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, the objective classical world emerges from the underlying quantum substrate.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, the environment is a communication channel selectively acquiring information about the system’s decoherence-resistant pointer states to transmit it to observers.

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In Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, an initial quantum superposition
of pointer spin states, turns  into a product state with the environment spins. The superposition in the system actually “branches out” into
the environment, creating correlations with other
spins.
…………………………………………

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Each environment spin holds a perfect record of the pointer state, i.e.  the conditional states.

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The quantum correlation between
the electronic spins and the nuclear spins is used in  the experiments of  quantum Darwinism.

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Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..…………………………………………

Some recent researches on black holes, in an attempt to unify relativity and  quantum mechanics, treat the universe like a hologram. 

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According to some recent researches on black holes, all the information inside a region of the universe should be encoded on a ( sort of )

holographic screen of one-lesser dimension. This is the holographic principle.

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Since holographic screens depend on the choice

of an observer, the observer in an expanding universe might be a natural  part of the cosmic system.

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The observer-dependence of holographic screens implies  that the fundamental description of the universe depends on the choice of the observer. 

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“Whoever…proves his point

and demonstrates the prime truth

geometrically

should be believed by all the world,

for there we are captured.”

~Albrecht Durer

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If you’re interested in how Einstein attempted to explain existence, you should know about “curved” or “flat” spacetime.

……………………………………..

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If you’re interested in how Einstein explored existence, you should wonder  about how spacetime can be “curved” or “flat”.

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If want to look at  reality/existence in Einstein’s style , you should wonder  about how spacetime can be “curved” or “flat”.

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The interface between differential geometry and physics holds the mystery of ‘curved spacetime’.

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Minkowski was a German mathematician who suggested the concept of four-dimensional space-time.

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According to Minkowski, the universe is made up of three spatial dimensions and one time dimension.

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According to Minkowski, temporal distance is not like its spatial counterparts.

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In Minkowski’s universe, distances along space and time are measured with different geometric equations.

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In Minkowski’s universe,  the square

of a spacelike distance is positive, but the square of a distance in the time direction is negative. This weird feature distinguishes time from space.

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Temporal directions wobble near a black hole.

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Past the event horizon of a black hole, one is  pulled towards the black hole, but not forward in time.

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Thermodynamically defined time  might not run forward near black holes.

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Some physicists describe the geometry of black holes as curved “holographic screens.

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A black hole’s event horizon is  the point-of-no-return that separates a black hole from its observers.

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In holographic principle, information is preserved as part of surface fluctuations of the event horizon itself.

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Flat holographic pictures create 3D illusions. In holographic principle, a three-dimensional black holes  is transcribed on a two-dimensional surface.

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Polchinski rejected the dualistic complementarity by saying that in-falling observers would get burnt up by a literal firewall at the event horizon.

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The firewall paradox is a conflict between three fundamental postulates- equivalence principle, unitarity and locality. To resolve the paradox, one of them must be abandoned.

…………………………………………

Since there’s no difference between acceleration due to gravity and the acceleration of a rocket, we shouldn’t feel anything amiss when we cross a black hole horizon. This is the equivalence principle in Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

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Unitarity demands that information cannot be destroyed.

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Locality means that events happening at a particular point in space can only influence nearby points.

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Locality implies that the laws of physics  hold far away from a black hole, even if they break down at  the singularity or at the event horizon.
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One solution to resolve firewall paradox is to have the equivalence principle break down at the event horizon, thereby giving rise to a firewall.

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Samir Mathur’s  “fuzzball conjecture” resolves the paradox by declaring that there is no event horizon (hence no information loss) but a ball of strings emitting heat in the form of Hawking radiation.

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Hawking himself believed that information temporarily confined behind event horizon, eventually escapes in an unusable form.

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According to Leonard Susskind and Juan Maldacena, quantum entanglements create invisible microscopic wormholes connecting the particles still inside the hole to particles that escaped long ago. Both Hawking radiation and information loss are in line with such entangled/wormholed  links.

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General relativity explains  massive objects (stars and planets ). Quantum mechanics explains subatomic particles. A black hole (a huge mass compressed into a small space) might unify quantum mechanics and relativity.

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‘Matter’ is anything that occupies space and has mass.

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The universe is made of a “stuff” called ‘matter’.

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All matter is made up of substances called elements(atoms).

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Elements(atoms) have specific chemical and physical properties and cannot be broken down into other atoms through  chemical reactions. One element(atom ) turns into another only through nuclear fission or fusion.

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Atoms come together to form molecules. Both atoms and molecules are held together by a form of potential energy known as  ‘chemical energy’.

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Four natural states/phases  of matter:

solids, liquids, gases and plasma. The fifth state is the man-made Bose-Einstein condensates.
…………………………………………
The electrons of each atom are constantly in motion, so the atoms have a small vibration, but they are fixed in their position in a solid having tightly packed particles with very low kinetic energy.
…………………………………………
In a liquid, the particles are so loosely packed that they  flow around each other, giving the liquid an indefinite shape.
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In a gas, the particles stay far away from each other and expand due to high kinetic energy.

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Plasma of highly charged particles with extremely high kinetic energy is the most common state of matter(star)  in the universe.

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In  Bose-Einstein condensate with almost  absolute zero temperature, molecular motion drops so much that thousands of separate atoms begin to clump together to take on just one “super atom.”
…………………………………………
Adding or removing energy from matter causes a physical change as matter moves from one state(water) to another(gas/ice).

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When heat is removed from a liquid, its particles slow down and begin to settle in one location within the substance. Thus, the liquid becomes a solid.
…………………………………………
Matter has melting , freezing or triple point.

…………………………………………

Water, in triple point, exists in all three states at a temperature of 273.16 Kelvin and a pressure of 611.2 pascals.
…………………………………………

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All matter is composed of one dimensional vibrating strings, smaller than any known or theorised particle.

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A correspondence or holographic duality exists between our perceived four dimensions and one-dimensional strings in an additional dimension.

…………………………………………
In “holographic duality”, a 2D holographic surface contains the information of a 3D image or object.
…………………………………………
Imaginative Homosapience can’t help wondering how our Universe operates on a fundamental level. The holographic principle might be humanity’s password to the world of quantum gravity.

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Holographic duality shows how the surface of a sphere — possessing two-dimensions — can be used to model a black hole in three dimensions.

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Holographically popped up 3D view shows why 2D black holes violate

Hawking’s calculation.

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Hawking radiational changes of  black hole information can be traced by measuring the surface area of related 3D hologram. The smallest  surface-area represents information content.

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As the surface of  3D hologram grows, a second one eventually replaces it as the smallest. Continuing to track the first surface reproduces Hawking’s error, but switching to the second one corrects the math by showing that the information contained in the black hole starts to drop.

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The hologram within a hologram shows what happens to a 2D black hole’s information.  The same concept might somehow apply to higher-dimensional black holes like those in our universe.

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Black holes  are regions of extreme  gravity, where space-time curves steeply toward a central point known as the singularity. Quantum uncertainty causes black holes to evaporate away by constantly  radiating a small amount of heat. If information is thus lost, it  violates  “unitarity” — a central principle of quantum mechanics that says the present always preserves information about the past.
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According to Hawking and Thorne, black holes kill information.

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According to Preskill, information escapes black holes, but we need a full-fledged theory of quantum gravity to describe how.

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According to complementarity proposal, information that crosses the event horizon of a black hole both reflects back out and passes inside, never to escape. Because no single observer can ever witness both inside and outside simultaneously, no contradiction arises.

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A simplified gravitational black hole in two dimensions is a hologram projected from a one-dimensional boundary made of a network of quantum particles.

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Reality is nothing but the biting of uncertainty in a blind mechanical way. The leftover global certainty exists  as universe, life and consciousness.

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Entropy is the global uncertainty. Existence is the global certainty.

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Existence includes universe, life and consciousness.

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A gravity-free two-dimensional  holographic black hole again makes a second hologram where the black hole’s matter acts like the flat boundary part that  projects these 2D quantum particles pop into a 3D gravitational black hole.

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2D gravity is the hologram of 1D quantum particles. Though information is trapped in 2D, the popped interior with another 3D  hologram stay geometrically linked to two past flat boundaries. Such a geometric link represents  an escape route for subtly hidden information.

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A holographic connection might exist between the black hole’s interior and exterior. Since the higher-dimensional bridge might let the encoded information out  in Hawking  radiation, it can resolve the black hole  information paradox.

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Physicists still wonder whether black holes store data like hard drives (obeying quantum mechanics) or  just delete information through Hawking radiation( photon’s escape by quantum probability). Most physicists back the quantum mechanics and suspect that information somehow escapes in radiation.

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Quantum information is indestructible since the “wave function” that describes any system—be it a  dictionary or the entire universe—evolves  in a predictable way.

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According to quantum mechanics, information about the past is never lost since the “wave function” that describes any system—be it a  dictionary or the entire universe—evolves  in a predictable way.

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Holography is a dimension-hopping technique.

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A holographic three-dimensional image pops out from a flat(two-dimensional) sticker.

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Juan Maldacena’s holographical duality allows two equivalent descriptions for a black hole.

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A black hole is generally viewed as a gravitationally collapsed volume of space-time fabric that   bends so steeply inward, that even a photon’s   entire history gets imprisoned in gravitational well.

Alternatively, the black hole might be a holographic projection from the two-dimensional network of quantum particles on a gravity-free boundary.

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Juan Maldacena’s holographical duality within a theoretical ‘bottle universe’ allows physicists to track the flow of information through a black hole.

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“Time and space are modes by which we think and not conditions in which we live.”

  • Albert Einstein
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We still don’t know about ‘the underlying ultimate level’ everyday  events emerge from. It might be subatomic, planckian, extra dimensional or even holographic.
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Quantum burst of Nothingness into functional and elemental potentialities might initiate the surface of ‘Juan Maldacena’s theoretical  bottle’.
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Gravitational ripples of space-time inside ‘Juan Maldacena’s theoretical  bottle’ holographically project from quantum particles living on the bottle’s rigid, gravity-free surface.
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Perhaps lower dimensional fields on the surface of the manifold get grouped into causal structures creating extra dimensions.
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A particular surface area of a manifold represents the absolute value of a particular wave function.
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A position on the surface of the manifold is  an elementary-position.

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A particle existing at the elementary-position is regarded as a state-element.
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The state of the state-element at the elementary-position is an elementary-state.
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A transition from one elementary-state to the other elementary-state is an elementary-event.

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A probability is proportional to the number of elementary-events.
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The number of elementary-events is the square of the number of elementary-states.
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The number of elementary-states is proportional to the surface area of the manifold.
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The surface area of a manifold is an absolute value of a wave function. Therefore, the probability is proportional to a square of an absolute value of a wave function following Pythagorean theorem in Hilbert space having Euclidean properties.

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……………………………………..—————————————–Existence is an inhomogeneous signal in some homogeneous medium.

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The interface between existence and non-existence is either like a virtual particle, or  like a probability wave.
—————————————–
Nothing actually “exists.”

—————————————–
“Existence ” is really a shorthand we use for a pattern that interests us or a pattern we’ve evolved to be sensitive to.

—————————————–
The boundary between existence and non-existence is simply a construct of the mind, not of nature.

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Boundary conditions violate a theory of everything.

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Inspire kids to become scientists by saying that…..

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Your ‘free will’ is an illusion since  a viral entity (officially DNA ) uses your body as a host to spread itself throughout the Universe! Since DNA works in a mechanical way to accomplish its merely immediate objective, its blind algorithmic momentum does not care if  you  destroy Earth or yourselves!

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Man is a democratic organization- a teamwork  by genes, memes and environment!

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A virus, whether genetic or memetic,  exists because a copying mechanism might not be equipped with a screening plugin.

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A virus is one of the mechanisms for copying and dispersing information in the universe.

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A virus is one of the universal replicators for copying and dispersing information in the universe.

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The human mind is the most advanced copying mechanism of all.

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The four variedly robust   characteristics of a replicator: penetration, copying, issuing instructions, and spreading.

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Human culture is best identified as a meme pool.

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We should put our meme pool to work for humanity’s best interests.

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Since our biological default plugin for understanding isn’t designed to understand what happens over millions or billions of years, Darwinism seems weird.

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Things or forms change. It is called entropy. By ‘evolution’, we just  make a distinction between the winners ( which continue to exist, grow, split and replicate), and the losers. When such a replicating machinery secures its existence by adapting to environmental feedbacks, we get something upon which we ascribe a special name called ‘life’.

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Asymmetries or things level out ( get simpler or symmetric) over time, like sand castles on a beach.

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Evolution is a scientific model of how things become more asymmetric and

complex; entropy describes how things become symmetric and simpler.

 

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Evolution is the opposite of entropy.

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A virus is a self-replicating entity fully dependent on external copying equipment.

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Self-replication is the most powerful as well as dominant force in the universe. Quantum Darwinism,  fissions in atom bomb, fusions in stars, cell-divisions, genes, memes and computer viruses – all are examples of self-replication.

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A virus is a chemically  programmed  needle. When  poked into a cell, the cell machinery starts to produce similar needles instead of making own nucleic acid or proteins for cell-divisions.

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Mind consists of instincts and memetic programming. We gain intellectual maturity only by changing our memetic programming.

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Cultural institutions—societies, religions, countries, businesses, organizations—are the products of memetic  evolution, gleaning all possible resources.

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Whenever we are confused about our own purpose in life, we resort to default rules (organized memes) to stabilize our behaviours.

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Institutions that can program people with self-serving memes thrive.

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Mind consists of instincts and memetic programming.

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Mind includes both instincts and memetic programming.

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Apart from organisms, evolution has  produced a quasi-organism that can  exploit the reproductive and  energy utilizing systems of other organism for making copies of itself. Man calls this creature a virus.

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Informationally(Richard Dawkins), life is self-replication with the help of environmental energy. Energetically(Nick Lane), life can be identified with self-replicating energy-consuming system.

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Anything that replicates by stealing  another’s resources can be called a virus. Genes, digital algorithms and  ideas often become virus.

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A meme pool becomes a memetic haven when people don’t spare their intelligence and problem-solving ability to defend the memes  they’re programmed with.

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“I’ll lick life to the lees. I’ve identified ‘life’ with ‘the best possible memetic  explanation of existence’ at this stage of scientific knowledge.”

-NABA KUMAR GARAI

(Luckily infected with the memes of understanding!)

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The distinction-memes we are programmed with filter in only a

small fraction of all the information that hits our sensory organs

every second. Since we aren’t always  trained to look for only the

most important information, our perspective is vulnerable to mind viruses.

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Memes compete for a share of  our minds, not for  our  betterment.

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Politicians spread some preelection  memes to treat us as the  “victims” of the past injustice  to generate a feeling of powerlessness in us.

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We often need self-empowerment training  to view ourselves as accountable for our entire lives generically infested with memes.

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Even truth becomes a trap if  we take

Alfred North Whitehead’s warning lightly -“There are no whole truths, only half-truths.”

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It’s dangerous to latch onto just one aspect of a fact  without remembering its many possible contextual  assumptions.

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A new set of distinction-memes gives birth to a new philosophy.

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Whenever we blindly obey instructions, we unnecessarily get  exploited  by some mind viruses.

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Both rebels and yes-men are vulnerable to memetic programming.

We are free only when our behaviour is reasonably unpredictable to others.

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What is the fundamental nature of cosmos/life/consciousness?

At this stage of our scientific knowledge, many questions, as a matter of physics, are unanswerable. It is an existential  bliss/duty to speculate over all possible memetic models able to somehow answer such questions!

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At this stage of our species’ memetic maturity, we use two ( not only separate but also contradictory! ) memetic models for understanding reality. Yes,  General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics are just memetic models!

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It is difficult to shift the dominant memes/rules that constitute

a society. A custom is mightier than a king.

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Memes in the form of  peer pressure often turn even the smartest teenagers into smokers or  alcoholics.

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When we get immersed in an alien meme pool, it becomes a sink-or-swim situation. Until we adopt

the new memes people keep on treating us as crazy or inadequate.

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The memes we get programmed with

greatly affect our future.

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Equality demands curtailing the freedoms of the rich. Equality often contradicts liberty.

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Believing a new story (a diiferent set of memes) changes history.

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Millions of strangers  cooperate and work towards common goals, only when they believe a common story (a particular set of memes).

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The meme of freedom is so powerful that it has turned our evolutionarily  communal species into alienated individuals within two centuries.

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Individual freedom comes at the cost of secured joy.

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Pyramids are still being built in different names, shapes and sizes. Modern pyramids are awe-inspiring in the form of Swiss Bank Account, Multistoreid building or political power.

Pyramid-building memes demand lifelong dedication. We stay too dedicated to building pyramids to look at our existential reality.

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Any story/meme/map/model is wrong, simply for being a model. A model of reality is infinitely different from reality  itself. The universe just does not work like a man-made model.

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“The world is so exquisite with so much love and moral depth, that there is no reason to deceive ourselves with pretty stories for which there’s little good evidence. Far better it seems to me, in our vulnerability, is to look death in the eye and to be grateful every day for the brief but magnificent opportunity that life provides.”

-Carl Sagan

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Religious and  nationalist  memes of grouping  coax  Homo Sapiens to cooperate in extremely flexible ways with countless numbers of strangers. That’s why our species rule the world.

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Meaning is created when many people constantly reinforce each other’s memes in a self-perpetuating loop, until we have little choice but to believe what everyone else believes.

 

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Seventy thousand years ago, Homo sapiens was an insignificant animal in a corner of Africa.

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The peace of mind demands liberation  from mere memetic cravings and the realization of the reality as it is.

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“None of these things exists outside the stories that people invent and tell one another. There are no gods in the universe, no nations, no money, no human rights, no laws and no justice outside the common imagination of human beings.”
-Yuval Noah Harari, ‘Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind’

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A species’s currency of evolution is not happiness but the number of copies of its DNA.

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Corporations, money, religions and nations are just imaginations/memes to serve us. It is surprising that  we sacrifice our lives in their service.

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Mere belief in imaginary entities such as gods, nations and languages demands sacrifices  from believers. Such sacrificial demands constitute the very mechanism of any belief.

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People often sacrifice freedom, freethinking, doubt, happiness and even life for the sake of their beliefs.

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The wandering bands of storytelling animals rule the planet.

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“My life has a superb cast, but I cannot figure out the plot.”

-Ashleigh Brilliant

 

Evolution has no purpose. Neither organisms nor organs have evolved with a purpose. Some hadean   chemical algorithms have somehow survived enough to attain incredibly adaptive complexity. Organs and organisms are just by-products.

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We can understand neither our subjective life nor objective reality without knowing about the concept of algorithm.

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For efficient transactions with futurity we have to understand how   algorithms are connected with emotions.

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Ten thousand years ago most people were hunter-gatherers. History has been  shaped by forward-looking minorities who first dared to become farmers and then factory makers.

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When a man is programmed with a strategic meme, he unconsciously yields to a typical behavior  in his desperate attempt to produce a typical effect.

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“The ability to observe without evaluating is the highest form of intelligence.”

– Jiddu Krishnamurti

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We never own ideas. But ideas sometimes own us. And

ideas are memes.

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Memes steer  our life, whether we admit it or not.

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The laws we live under are memes. And yes, we need them.

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The price of civilization is our blind surrender to many arbitrary and even contradictory memes. Statesmen, lawyers and scientists still sweat to make such memes as philanthropic as possible.

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Memes cement individuals into  society and civilization.

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Without memes, our incredibly complex civilization would disintegrate.

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To the universe, there’s no man, mouse, marigold, mist, magma or meteor. All those are human-invented labels/ distinctions. They are all

memes- mere imaginations! They are ways of categorizing or labeling to  carve up our existential reality.

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We create a distinction to  gain access to some things and lose access to others. All the memetic distinctions we draw are human invented and not objective  reality.

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As the decision-maker  for our space-ship earth, we  should be aware of what distinction-memes we’re programmed with.

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Advertisers, politicians, and anyone else who wants our money or support programme us with certain distinctive/strategic/associative memes to emphasize something over others to their own advantage.

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Since the future is unpredictable, strategic memes are never cast-in-stone Truths but approximations.

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“You are simply a distinction—a meme—invented because it was convenient to talk about the parts of the universe that feel pain when hit with a hammer. To the universe, there’s no you . . . or human beings or giraffes or solar systems or galaxies. All those are human-invented distinctions. They are all memes.”
-Richard Brodie, ‘Virus of the Mind: The New Science of the Meme’

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Memes can be categorical (Atom/Asia/Earth/Living/Nonliving), strategical(plans/advice/rule), associative ( ads like ‘Be manly with our male perfume’), etc.

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Different memes programme us in different ways.

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Anything we say about any stuff in and including the universe is a  concept. And concepts are memes.

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A dictionary is nothing but a handy collection of memes  invented by human beings.

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Concepts are  memes.

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’Earth’ is simply an imposed   distinction—a memetic label to distinguish it from the rest of  our stuffy existence. To the universe, it’s all just stuff.

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It’s just meme/concept all the way down to the  core of anything. Viewed through an electron microscope, it’s all mostly empty space!

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Some memes or mind viruses that are  autonomous enough to blindly perpetuate themselves range from distracting to disastrous.

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Memetics is a set of memes

designed to give us access to and power over some aspect of the

universe.

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Memetics explains what causes us  to think and behave as we do.

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“Every man’s work, whether it be literature or music or pictures or architecture or anything else, is always a portrait of himself.”

— Samuel Butler

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Memes in our mind  subtly influence

our behavior.

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Memetic machinery is too subtle to have a linear explanation.

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People, a product of nature,  depend on  genetic as well as memetic machinery  for survival and reproduction.

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Some prehistoric instincts (bio-chemical algorithms) have become as outdated as a deer’s instinct to freeze in the face of oncoming headlights.

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Some (officially?) verified default memes can override our instincts and propel us in the direction of our

pursuit of happiness.

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Evolutionary psychology deals with the evolution of instincts (bio-chemical algorithms).

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Human instincts (bio-chemical algorithms) have a great influence on the evolution of memes.

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The memes that appeal to people’s instincts (bio-chemical algorithms)

spread easily throughout the population.

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Everything we do that is not instinctual is the result of memetic programming.

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‘To be educated’ is just a linguistic translation of  ‘to get programmed with a set of memes that would support one’s success in life’.

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Some memes of urgency ( like yelling ‘Fire!’ in a crowded hall) spread rapidly and directly.

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Some memes spread indirectly. One generation’s unbearable iron discipline  can encourage a  loose rein (an opposite child-rearing meme) for the next generation, and vice versa.

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Nazism, crusades, the practice of suttee, etc. were some horrifying memes of the past.

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A metameme is no less than an  existential ammunition. The way we choose memes to label things makes a big difference in life.

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Memetics might help us better understand problems like poverty, hunger, terrorism, fundamentalism,consumerism, stress or global warming.

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Memetics explains best why we often keep  electing ineffective politicians.

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Replicators are medium-born. Medium proliferates them. But they will use any medium extending their circulation and reproduction. After finding a better medium  replicators quickly leave the old medium without any gratitude.

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A medium serves as the host for replicators.

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Replicators cannot survive without a host.

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A host/medium/container/transmitter  is quickly chosen by replicators whenever it is available and effective.

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A sort of memetic spell forces us to share posts on social media. This 21st century has already become a  digital meme pool. Internet users(directly or indirectly) serve as mere links in a chain of host media for the passage of memetic information. Too much automation might one day replace our species with artificially intelligent robots. Replication will continue as well, or even better.

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Our instinctive virtues and vices are actually autonomous algorithms (mechanistically blind evolutionary plugins) that help us survive in brutally   indifferent Darwinian struggle.

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Our memetic maps of  reality are never wrong but limited to  their area of applicability. Even Ptolemy’s geocentric astronomy helped to predict positions of the celestial bodies efficiently. Copernicus’s heliocentric model  just generalized such predictions. Newton’s gravity or Einstein’s spacetime curvature gave more and more general maps of our cosmic reality. There is no limit to such generalization until we  know the ultimate nature of reality (theory of everything ?).

 

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Our memetic models of reality can be improved indefinitely until we get a theory of everything i.e. an all encompassing meme.

 

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Supersymmetric confinement represents nothingness. Symmetry breaks to infinity. A cabbage takes smaller volume than its torn foliage.

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Though we are part of reality, we can’t  know it directly. In our intellectual adventures, ‘maps’ or ‘memes’ or ‘models’ of reality guide us. Though such models are never wrong, they lose the value outside of their area of applicability.

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We get a classically objective “position” of a thing because its position state can imprint many identical replicas in the environment.
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An observer can’t monitor more than a fraction of the environment because the redundancy (repetition of messages to reduce the probability of errors in transmission) of information quickly saturates.
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Moneymaking mindset looks down upon philosophy. But quantum physicists often adopt philosophical interpretations to invent quantum computers or AI.
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When photons scatter off an object, we can see it. Photons carry information to our retina in the form of a partial replica of certain pointer states (fundamental measurable properties) about the object, saying something about its position, shape and color.

 

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Lots of replicas are needed if many observers are to agree on a measured value of some pointer state — a hallmark of classicality. Only lucky pointer states get informationally multiplied in the form of copies imprinted on the environment. Pointer states struggle for classicality. To get imprinted on the environment is enough for their  classicality. Formal observer or measurement is not needed. The entire environment works as an observer.

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According to Zurek’s quantum Darwinism, our concrete reality condenses(or gets transacted?) from the multiple competing options  residing fundamentally in quantum realm ( or in subjectively inaccessible  Tegmarkian objectivity/entity?).

 

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Quantum superposition doesn’t really mean that it is in several states at once; rather, it means that if we make a measurement we will see one of those outcomes. Our familiar existential reality is not objectively independent but  transactional/medium-born/ subjective/in-transit/signal-processed.

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According to Max Tegmark, consciousness  might just be a state of matter, like a solid, a liquid or a gas. Just like  liquids, there might be many types of consciousness.

 

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Each instance of consciousness is a unified and indivisible whole that might  emerge from sophisticated computing materials. As a material state, a computer should be called ‘computronium or a brain ‘perceptronium’. After long Darwinian struggle, a gaseous state of matter (hydrogen)  has evolved into a peceptronium state of matter.

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A conscious system  stores, processes and retrieves  information to memetically build a part of existential reality.

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“Let’s celebrate this existential picnic!”

-Meme Updater (Naba Kumar Garai)

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A photon is the smallest quantifiable unit of light that stays in a superposition (exists both as a particle and a wave at the same time) before someone measures it to determine a particular alignment.

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Even after determining a particular alignment, the photon still stays in a superposition if the second observer is kept unaware of the first’s measurement. As a result, each observer can get  a different alignment representing different reality.

 

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According to Geoff Jones, photons do not exist.

 

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In double-slit experiment, an electromagnetic field might fill the entire the entire Universe to ‘know’ that there are two slits there. No particle but a disturbance or new  information is transacted in field’s ledger-book. What is ‘detected’ as a photon is the removal of one quantum or packet of energy from the field. Only ‘disturbances in the media’ i.e.  transmissible information give birth to our so-called reality. Recent quantum-Darwinism and Wigner’s friend experiments dismissing any shared objective reality (that can exist on its own) are in line with such ‘media-born/transmitted/selected/ subjective/memetic reality’.

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Our model of reality can easily exclude  photons if we say that energy can only be added to or subtracted from the field in definite units.

 

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What is most radical about Dawkins’ theory is that it reduces existence to the level of mere media- as if things exist only to  facilitate the replication and passage of information.

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We needed Darwin to show us that life is the gift of mechanical evolution. We needed  Dawkins to tell us that neither individuals nor species but  replicators serve as the hot iron to bear the blind blows  of  evolutionary hammer.

 

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In Dawkins’s theory, very little difference exists between humans and machines, animals and ideologies, insects and internet memes— all are just containers of some replicators.

 

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In Dawkins’s theory, man is just one of many potential host media for transmission and reproduction of “content”.

 

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Our bodies are containers for genes. Our minds are containers for memes.

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“When you plant a fertile meme in my mind you literally parasitize my brain, turning it into a vehicle for the meme’s propagation in just the way that a virus may parasitize the genetic mechanism of a host cell.”

-Richard Dawkins

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According to Richard Dawkins’  famous book “The Selfish Gene”(1976), neither species nor individual beings play  central role in evolution. Living things serve as  useful “packages” for genes’ survival in harsh enviromrnt.

 

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According to Richard Dawkins’  famous book “The Selfish Gene”(1976), life on this planet emerged as the byproduct of multiplying replicators’(DNA molecules) survival  in more and more

precariously effective ways.

 

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Our entire anthropic environment can be seen as a dynamic host or  transmission media for the survival of replicators (both genes and memes) in general. Our entire planet ,as a survival package to protect  replicators, resembles Gaia(James Lovelock’s Alive Earth).
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Some modern memes (‘relativity’, ‘quantum mechanics’, ‘uncertainty principle’ , ‘quark-gluon-plasma’,  ‘wave function’ , ‘field excitations’ , etc.) , due to their empirical and mathematical nature, dare to describe not only our tangible  existence but also the abstract Tegmarkian reality (a huge mathematical structure). False or mere survival memes are not suitable for such deep intellectual exploration.

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We are the part of a memetic-wilderness called ‘existence’. Existence is the part of a greater memetic-wilderness called ‘reality’. Reality is a part of a magnificent   remoteness  called  ‘mathelogical  relationship between quantum probabilities/ pointer states.’ If Max Tegmark is right, we are just conscious parts of a huge mathematical structure existing on its own and thereby staying immune to memes.

 

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“Evolutionism is the central, inclusive, organizing outlook of anthropology, comparable in its theoretical power to evolutionism in biology.”
–Marshall Sahlins

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“All life evolves by the differential survival of replicating entities.”
–Richard Dawkins

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The very reality, we belong to and constantly interact with, itself consists of our own memes. The fact is in line with ‘quantummechanically participatory universe’ in which we ourselves build reality with yes-no questions.

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People kept on practicing alchemy until our model of reality included ‘atoms’. When our model of reality included the relational meme E=Mc2,  we couldn’t help splitting atoms to steal its energy. Thus, the very memes we use to describe reality shape our futurity.

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Language is the most powerful survival tool we have ever invented. There’s no limit to it’s logical subtlety with its being more and more straightforward, objective and penetrating. Factual memes can easily replace fictional ones (mind viruses) in such linguistic haven. After all, memes build  the very ‘model of reality’ as a reliable guide to our ‘enterprise to explore the vistas of existence’ called ‘life’.

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To a neuroscientist, an idea is a complex web of electrochemical changes. To a psychologist, an idea is a complex web of drives, instincts or past traumas. Both views conform to memetics treating an idea as a meme-a changable pattern or moldable structure in the brain.
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Even our very ‘REALITY’ , as an idea or brain-pattern, might just be a meme!
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Quantummechanically, ‘higher probabilities’ / ‘pointer states’ asymptomatically approach to taking on classicality or observed ‘REALITY’. Since things don’t exist until we measure , we can’t deny the
memetic nature of ‘REALITY’ itself.

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…………………………………………In Zurek’s Quantum Darwinism, information about robust quantum states will be duplicated many times and disseminated throughout the environment. The fittest quantum states will be copied. Copied  states are same to all observers.Thus we get an objective classical reality.
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Memetics deals with the evolution of mind.
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We should wonder about how science, technology, geography, the genetic knowledge, cosmology or quantum mechanics can affect memes and memetics.
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Since all knowledge in the world is not stored in people’s minds, memetics might be a subtly complex discipline.
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Memes might be our internal programming. How we get programmed is still a mystery.Once programmed, we directly or indirectly work for memes.
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“A meme is a unit of information in a mind whose existence influences events such that more copies of itself get created in other minds.”
-Richard Dawkins(1982)

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Metamemes are memes about memes.
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Memetics helps metamemes get self-replicated.

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Memetics is a scientific model- a unique way of sorting facts from fictions.

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A harmful idea is a mind virus. Understanding memetics helps us combat the infection.
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Internet helps fashion-industry turn into a meme- the selfish giant.
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The Ouroboros is a Greek word meaning “tail devourer”.

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The ouroboros is an ancient symbol of a snake or serpent eating its own tail to sustain its life, in an eternal cycle of renewal.
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Today’s fashion-world is a ouroboros with a grey zone where new ideas are old.
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Today’s fashion-world is a meme-centric absurdist movement.

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The fashion-world pampers people’s craze for a self-aware escapism that can take any serious matter lightly.
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Absurd fashion offers a temporary escape from realworld problems.
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“It’s a time of uneasiness – not being sure what’s going on with some major issues, including climate change, global politics as well as Brexit and issues with mental health.”
-Sidney Prawatyotin (@Siduations)
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“I think designers are designing ‘meme-able’ clothes, although not intentionally.”
-Sidney Prawatyotin (@Siduations)
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Today’s fashion designers analyse cultural evolution from memetic viewpoint, rather than the point of view of an individual or
society.

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Better and better models of our host reality not only make a lot more sense but also help us accomplish more and more exciting things.
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Memetics might be the best model for explaining the way the mind works.

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Culture is composed of atomlike winner memes competing with one another only to get passed from mind to mind in the same way genes spread through sperm and
egg.

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Genes are internal patterns (information) stored in DNA. Memes are internal patterns (knowledge) stored in brain.
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Memes constitute model of our host reality. Wrong memes (inaccurate models) might be behind our many difficulties in life. Once discovered, those memes should be changed.

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People use social media mainly to seek validation.

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A meme is a unit of cultural imitation that is passed from one mind to another by non-genetic means.
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Memes are the cultural counterpart of genes.

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Sharing memes is an option to stay healthy. Memes are coupled to biochemistry. Sending or sharing memes on social media reduces loneliness. Besides, there is a sense of ‘identification’ with a similar group liking the same stuff. Since sharing or even seeing memes makes us feel ‘validated’ or ( at least) ‘relatable’ , we can enjoy a blissful rise in adrenaline and dopamine levels.

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Oxford biologist Richard Dawk-
ins, in an attempt to identify ‘life’ as a byproduct of blindly mechanical replication, introduced the term ‘meme’ in his famous book ‘The Selfish Gene’(1976).
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An organism(life) is a factory for replicating DNA molecules (genes). Similarly, our very brain(mind) might be a factory for replicating cultural units(memes).

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Memes link minds across space and time.

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Memes link mind to mind by languages across the planet and across the centuries.

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Memetics is a bastard born of the romance between biology and psychology.

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Our most cherished individual identity(self) might just be a memetic (cultural?) illusion.

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Man is an imitating animal. Unlike other animals man learns by imitating their parents or quasi-parents. Wittgenstein had a habit of opening closed eyes to answer smartly half a minute after freezing himself while jerking his head down to the chest.Many philosophy teachers and students reading Wittgenstein are still spreading the gesture.

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According to Susan Blackmore,

‘unconscious electrochemical imitation’ has taken on ( or evolved into?) ‘conscious self’.

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Perhaps our species ( Sapiens) survived other species of our genus (Homo) by its superior imitating power.

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A child learns a language best by imitation.

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Memes are programmed as ‘minds’. We should consciously select the best memes to reprogram ourselves (our minds).
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We should spread ideas worth spreading to win over ‘bad’ memes (mind viruses).

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Mind viruses are responsible for stressful confusions of modern life.

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Mind viruses distract us from what’s most important to us (either as individual or as species) to fulfill their own agendas of self-survival and self-growth.
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Memetics is based on evolution.

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Genetics is biological evolution. Memetics is cultural evolution.

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To understand ourselves requires an understanding of memetics.

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We can’t manipulate them who have ever heard of ’meme’.
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Memetics shows the existence of mind-viruses but provides no imperative about what to do about them.

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Our thoughts are not always our own.
We aren’t always in control of our thoughts.

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Gene is the informational unit of life. Meme is the informational unit of culture.
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On the large scale, memes make up cultures, countries, languages, literatures, religions and banking systems. On the small scale, memes get programmed in our brains to play together the role of our so-called ‘mind’.

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Viruses exist not only in biology and computing systems but also in memetics (culture).

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Memetics provides us with the potential power to positively direct the cultural evolution of our species.
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A mind virus spreads via cultural communication.

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Once created, a meme gains a life of its own.
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Once created, a meme becomes
independent of its creator.

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Once created, a meme evolves quickly to be caught by as many people(minds) as possible.
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Memes steer people along a path that supports their own memetic agenda not a people’s quality of life.

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Every fact is a memetic monomer that can be selectively used or abused to make memetic polymers (ideas, concepts, worldviews, doctrines, agendas, etc.)

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“There are no whole truths; all truths

are half-truths. It is trying to treat them as whole truths that plays the devil.”

— Alfred North Whitehead

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Our eyes or livers or kidneys or brains don’t know how they themselves work. The same might be true for our ‘self’-conceited minds. But the defense mechanisms of mind viruses make us angry whenever minds’ foolishness is exposed.

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“Memetics is humanity’s most needed survival tool.”

-Meme Updater (wondernspeculate.org)

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A meme is the basic unit of imitation.

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Only ‘memes’ can explain human behavior- in its social, political, religious or cultural context.

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Our meme pools can be wrongly manipulated to subtly enslave us.

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‘I’ is an organized gathering of memes(in humans) or chemical drives (in single celled organisms) for their focused operation or mode of survival or systematic existence. ‘I’ is a necessary illusion.

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Different TV sets with varying tuning, sound or picture qualities represent individual ‘Is’. TV signals represent memetic or chemical drives.
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Quantum probabilities might be a sort of fundamental memes creating an illusion of a physical universe for their focused operation or mode of survival or systematic existence.
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Both quantum probabilities and memes utilize  synchronized groupings that manifest themselves as  fields(particles) and agents(selves) respectively.
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“A world that can be explained even with bad reasons is a familiar world. But, on the other hand, in a universe suddenly divested of illusions and lights, man feels an alien, a stranger. His exile is without remedy since he is deprived of the memory of a lost home or the hope of a promised land. This divorce between man and his life, the actor and his setting, is properly the feeling of absurdity.”

-Albert Camus

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“If I try to seize this self of which I feel sure, if I try to define and to summarize it, it is nothing but water slipping through my fingers. I can sketch one by one all the aspects it is able to assume, all those likewise that have been attributed to it, this upbringing, this origin, this ardor or these silences, this nobility or this vileness. But aspects cannot be added up.”

-Albert Camus

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The SELF, a meme-complex , extends its own boundaries under the spell of creative and altruistic memes.


Our choices of everything from food to mates result not from some mysterious free will, but rather from billions of neurons calculating probabilities within a split second.
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Vaunted ‘human intuition’ is in reality ‘pattern recognition’.
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Biochemical algorithms of the human brain rely on heuristics, shortcuts and outdated circuits adapted to the African savannah rather than to the urban jungle. No wonder that even good drivers, bankers and lawyers sometimes make stupid mistakes.
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Two non-human abilities that AI possesses are connectivity and updateability.
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Religion ,a  primitive education system, kept the ancient society balanced by restricting  mobs  lacking strict rules and regulations.
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Religious cultures helped man become civilized by embracing  monotony under the spell of an all-explanatory  meme/ worldview  that was initially  symbiotic enough to social safety, civilization , agriculture, arts, science and technology.
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Replicators boost their respective replicating machinery. So, pointerstates invented a universe,genes invented human body, memes invented human civilization and temes (tech memes) might invent robotic viral selves replacing humanity .
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Language has a symbiotic relationship with human beings .
One strengthens the other.
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A new non-symbiotic replicator is often dangerous for the previous ones.
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Pointerstates kill other probabilities.
Genes kill bodies.
Memes kill genes.
Temes kill traditional memes.
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Memes boost brain-sizes only to exploit them. Big brains not only use 20% of body energy for 2% of body weight but also pose a childbirth risk.
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Temes at present keep on using humans to suck up our planet’s resources. But in future they might replicate without or even at the cost of us just to spread exclusively themselves throughout the universe .
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It might not totally be true that we invented the internet to benefit us. Perhaps Internet is temes’ way of  exploiting us.
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Our belief in freewill gives birth to our belief in ‘now’ i. e. an infinitesimal present moment.
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Eternity stands against an absolute free will.
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In a lawful universe, any configuration has its fixed place in eternity. Freewill is no exception.
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Our brain simulates a cognitive model  of a body in which we locate our self.
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A long sturdy rope is an arrangement of overlapping  thin fibres. Our self is a union of overlapping memes or mental events.
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Memes need a self to locate themselves on the interface with the world.
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The self resembles the pointer on the screen of a computer.
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The self = a meme complex.
Human brains =meme colonies.
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Our brains  keep on spreading i. e. replicating memes.
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A self is born when symbiotic memes congregate.
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The meme for popularising science spreads better when it forms part of a self that also contains the memes for rationality , deep thinking , mathematical intuition , curiosity , reading habits ,  self correction and futuristic philosophy .
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