Happiness

……………………………………………. ………………………………………… “The human heart has a tiresome tendency to label as fate only what crushes it. But happiness likewise, in its way, is without reason, since it is inevitable.”-Albert Camus   ………………………………………… ………………………………………… “This universe henceforth without a master seems to him neither sterile nor futile. Each atom of Continue Reading

Protein

………………………………………… ………………………………………… When the universe was born, there wasn’t any carbon (and thereby carbon based life) until  the first stars forged it from lighter elements. So life emerged from a nonliving universe. ………………………………………… Scientists who are betting their time, effort and career status to discover a natural explanation for the Continue Reading

We ‘see’ electro-chemical changes

…………………………………….. The brain’s visual system gets very little inputs from the world itself. Much of what we “see” comes from dataprocessing. …………………………………….. We need mathematics to explain ‘vision’. …………………………………….. Staring at a car engine was not enough to discover the laws of thermodynamics. We needed physics and mathematics. …………………………………….. “The Continue Reading

Life’s a romance between energy and information

…………………………………….. Richard Dawkins’ “The Selfish Gene” algorithmechanically and Nick Lane’s “POWER, SEX, SUICIDE- Mitochondria and the Meaning of Life” energetically (pun intended) back up Darwin’s theory of evolution. …………………………………….. ………………………………………… Life’s a romance between energy and information. ………………………………………… Even a stone treats ( or feels?) itself as a   dynamic structure Continue Reading

Courage

…………………………………….. …………………………………….. ………………………………………… …………………………………………“A living man can be enslaved and reduced to the historic condition of an object. But if he dies in refusing to be enslaved, he reaffirms the existence of another kind of human nature which refuses to be classified as an object.” -Albert Camus ………………………………………… …………………………………….. “Kites Continue Reading

Technology

…………………………………….. Ray Kurzweil (inventor of scanner) loves to predict about transhumanism, life extension technologies ,vertical farming, robots and AI. …………………………………….. The future of food is vertical i.e. growing produce in nutrient-rich stacked trays or racks. …………………………………….. As populations rise, agricultural land shrinks. …………………………………….. …………………………………….. Traanshumanism is the idea that humans Continue Reading

Wormhole

………………………………………… Since mass and energy bend the fabric of space-time, a certain configuration of matter and energy allows a tunnel, a shortcut between two distant parts of the universe. ………………………………………… We need negative mass to cancel the destabilizing effects of regular mass trying to traverse a  wormhole. We still don’t Continue Reading

Black Hole

………………………………………… …………………………………………Our universe is full of so many secrets that we might never think and imagine it completely. ………………………………………… ………………………………………… About 7.5 million black holes are travelling at about 70 kilometers per second after being born, ejected and kicked by  supernova explosions in our Milky Way  galaxy. ………………………………………… A blackhole’s Continue Reading

Darwin

………………………………………… ………………………………………… Editing the genes of embryos will  change our species’ evolutionary trajectory. ………………………………………… ………………………………………… Though gene-editting  can improve the human race, the strengths of our diversity might be lost. ………………………………………… Gene-editting might violate the rights of already vulnerable populations. ………………………………………… Humility is the acknowledgement of our ignorance. Gene-editting demands Continue Reading

Evolution

Male genes with even slightly  aesthetic bent are often selected by female birds and animals. ………………………………………… Quantum fluctuation => Cosmic Inhomogeneities => Gravitational collapse => Star => Heat => Photons  disequilibrium gradient =>Electron disequilibrium gradient  => Proton gradient => Growth  => Replication => Natural selection ………………………………………… Darwinian evolution is an Continue Reading

Entropy

Darwinian evolution is an entropic phenomenon. ——————————– The Second Law of Thermodynamics says that all complex things in a closed system like our universe will grow less complex, until everything is a cold soup of individual particles, unmoving. Time itself will effectively stop. …………………………………….. The Universe is a closed system. Continue Reading

Lucky

………………………………………… “I may not have been sure about what really did interest me, but I was absolutely sure about what didn’t.’ -Albert Camus ………………………………………… An organism is lucky enough to belong to a logical process called ‘cosmos’.

Thermodynamic

Physical, chemical, and biological processes occur outside the thermodynamic equilibrium. ————————– Thermodynamics envelopes Darwinian theory. ………………………………………… The laws of thermodynamics can offer an explanation of biological evolution. ———————– “Thermodynamics is the only physical theory of universal content which, within the framework of the applicability of its basic concepts, I am Continue Reading

Equilibrium

……………………………………… ………………………………………… In an equilibrium model, planets stay in their fixed orbits because of two equal and opposite forces: the velocity of their forward motion taking  them away from the sun, and force of gravity pulling them toward to the sun. ………………………………………… A bathtub with its drain closed and its Continue Reading

Elon Musk

………………………………………… Elon Musk hopes to build a city on Mars that will be self-sustaining by the 2050s. ………………………………………… “There is a pretty good chance we end up with a universal basic income, or something like that, due to automation.” – Elon Musk …………………………………………

Quantum Mystery

………………………………………… …………………………………….. “Quantum Physics is fine, human bias about reality is the real problem”. -Ethan Siegel …………………………………….. ………………………………………… We can’t expect a better interpretation of quantum mechanics at the cost of classical realism. ………………………………………… As individual quantum systems, particles appear to scatter off empty branches of the wave-function, and conversely Continue Reading

Life

…………………………………………“Judging whether life is or is not worth living amounts to answering the fundamental question of philosophy. All the rest – whether or not the world has three dimensions, whether the mind has nine or twelve categories – comes afterwards. These are games; one must first answer.” -Albert Camus ………………………………………… Continue Reading

Consciousness

…………………………………………   …………………………………………   ………………………………………… Consciousness can be experienced  only from within. ………………………………………… We still don’t know how quantum mechanics is related to observation. ………………………………………… …………………………………………“With rebellion, awareness is born.” -Albert Camus ………………………………………… The masks(representatives of conscious minds) that we wear are deeply unconscious.   ………………………………………… The masks(representatives of conscious Continue Reading

Reality/Truth

…………………………………….. ………………………………………… “What I believe to be true I must therefore preserve. What seems to me so obvious, even against me, I must support.”-Albert Camus ………………………………………… ………………………………………… Truth about our human condition is subject to linguistic limitations. ………………………………………… …………………………………….. We are imprisoned in the dark den of existence. Speculations are Continue Reading

Existence

  ………………………………………… “Almost nothing material is needed for a happy life, for he who has understood existence.” – Marcus Aurelius ………………………………………… Existence is a signal or inhomogeneity in some homogenous medium. —————————————– The interface between existence and non-existence is either like a virtual particle, or like a probability wave.—————————————–Nothing actually Continue Reading

Nature

    ………………………………………… “Nature is self-existent. She produces everything. Contains within herself he cause of everything. Her motion is a necessary consequence of her existence. Within herself she contains the remedies for all those who are patiently willing to investigate her laws.” – Baron D’Holbach ………………………………………… It is our sapiential Continue Reading

Stupid

…………………………………….. “In the nineteenth century, the novel was where you went to get your serious reflections and questionings about life. You’d go to Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky. Nowadays, of course, you know the scientists actually tell much more about such issues than you would ever get from novelists.” -Douglas …………………………………….. “Someday Continue Reading

Stars

“Literally the stuff of which we’re made came from the deep interior of stars that exploded, and we evolved by the very same laws and rules that the rest of the universe evolves by.” – Brian Greene

Education

The pyramid of intelligence rises from data to information to knowledge to wisdom. To be educated is to not exercise one without the others. ………………………………………… ………………………………………… “I am assured that this ignorance explains everything and that this darkness is my light.”-Albert Camus ………………………………………… ………………………………………… “Beginning to think is beginning to Continue Reading

Data

…………………………………….. …………………………………….. “Our world is not wholly a matter of inference. There are things that we know without asking the opinion of men of science. If you are too hot or too cold, you can be perfectly aware of this fact without asking the physicist what heat and cold consist Continue Reading

Intelligence

…………………………………….. …………………………………….. “When I choose the overview, I miss most of the details. When I go closer to observe details, I lose sight of the whole.” – Freeman Patterson …………………………………….. Too much specialization stifles creativity. …………………………………….. Fragmented disciplines can’t explain world’s messy complexity. …………………………………….. Progress demands martyrdom. …………………………………….. …………………………………….. Genius Continue Reading

Asymptotic

Asymptotic freedom causes interactions between fundamental particles to become asymptotically weaker as the energy scale increases and the corresponding length scale decreases. …………………………………….. Infinity is not a number. Infinity is an idea. …………………………………….. The bigger the number, the less number-like it is. It becomes asymptotically less and less meaningful and Continue Reading

Water

………………………………………… Water is wet because covalent bonding with a single oxygen atom reduces electropositive hydrogen’s quantum locational uncertainty and its momentum increases to respond to another molecule’s electronegative oxygen atom. ………………………………………… H2O is a liquid at normal conditions when H2S(even though heavier) is a gas. ………………………………………… Water is a chemical Continue Reading

Culture

Culture is a tangled hairball of almost invisible threads of genes, memes and temes. ………………………………………… ………………………………………… We are more dependent than ever on state infrastructure. Knowledge is now held not by individuals, but by groups and institutions. We should remember that such interconnected networks are more fragile than isolated systems. Continue Reading

Spacetime

………………………………………… Quantum field theory accounts for everything in the Universe except gravity. On the other hand, General Relativity explains the relationship between matter/energy and space/time, and describes what we experience as gravitation. ………………………………………… Despite having nothing to do with light, gravitational waves travel at the speed of light. The speed Continue Reading

Philosophy

    …………………………………………“We get into the habit of living before acquiring the habit of thinking.” -Albert Camus …………………………………………       Reality, attributes, existence,   being , becoming, ultimate world stuff, ultimate context, etc.  still belong to philosophy not science. Each boils down to their own asymptotic spectrum of effectiveness. ………………………………………… Continue Reading

Proof

Sometimes we believe without any proof just to comfort and console ourselves. …………………………………….. “The hardest thing to explain is the glaringly evident which everybody has decided not to see.” ― Ayn Rand ……………………………………..

Liberalism

Liberalism is the sum total of democracy, free markets, human rights and social responsibility. ………………………………………… Supporters of Trump and Brexit think that liberalism should stop at the border. …………………………………….. Capitalism is an engine of change.   …………………………………….. Capitalism  has produced better art and culture.   ……………………………………. ………………………………………… China’s domestic politics Continue Reading

Imagination

Terrorism, a psychological hijacking of the private imagination of millions of individuals, is now globally politicized. ………………………………………… ………………………………………… Einstein’s thought experiments with imaginary scenarios led to his revolutionary ideas about space and time. ………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………….. Ideas are survival tools like hammers and knives invented by social groups of individuals Continue Reading

INTERNET

The smoke signal using the visual spectrum  of fundamental EM field disturbance  was the oldest communication technology to transmit a message as far away as 750 kilometres in just a few hours. …………………………………….. From bone to satellite. From smoke to internet. …………………………………….. Internet revolution was directed more by engineers than Continue Reading

Consequence

Yuval Noah Harari’s “Sapiens” narrates how an insignificant ape became the ruler of planet Earth. “Homo Deus” speculates about future. “21 Lessons for the 21st Century” warns everybody that the future of humanity might be decided in their absence while none will be exempt from the consequences. …………………………………………

Science

………………………………………… ………………………………………… Consciousness can be experienced  only from within.   ………………………………………… We still don’t know how quantum mechanics is related to observation.   ………………………………………… There are some mysteries science may never be able to solve. …………………………………………   There might be no “Theory of Everything” to explain the entire universe. ………………………………………… Continue Reading

Change

………………………………………… “The realization that life is absurd cannot be an end, but only a beginning. This is a truth nearly all great minds have taken as their starting point.” -Albert Camus ………………………………………… ………………………………………… Change is the only constant. ………………………………………… …………………………………….. “The notion of time order is not predefined. Time does Continue Reading

Physics

………………………………………… Physics at the outset is philosophy, at the core is mathematics and in between is symbolic. ………………………………………… “God made the integers, all the rest is the work of man.” Kronecker ………………………………………… ………………………………………… ………………………………………… ………………………………………… ………………………………………… ………………………………………… Even biological or cultural systems obtain their behaviors from the physics of the Continue Reading

Energy

………………………………………… ………………………………………… Quantum field theory accounts for everything in the Universe except gravity. On the other hand, General Relativity explains the relationship between matter/energy and space/time, and describes what we experience as gravitation. ………………………………………… Gravitational potential is always negative. ………………………………………… Gravitational field is the negative derivative of the field with Continue Reading

Algorithm

………………………………………… It is baffling to speculate what our species can achieve with artificial intelligence. ………………………………………… It is baffling to speculate how far  artificial intelligence can go. ………………………………………… A recent 3D simulation of the universe using  neural networks of AI monitoring how stuff interacts in space  is eerily  more accurate than Continue Reading

Nationalism

For hundreds of thousands of years Homo sapiens lived in small groups of a few dozen people. We invented nationality to be loyal to millions of utter strangers. ………………………………………… Tribes gradually coalesced into a single nation to exercise the power to build dams and canals, regulate the flow of the Continue Reading

Parameters

aCPVz= CONSTANTpARAMETERvariable. ………………………………………… The number of degrees of freedom is the number of thermodynamic parameters such as temperature or pressure that can be varied simultaneously and arbitrarily without determining one another. ………………………………………… ………………………………………… Pure water boils at 100°C if the pressure is one atmosphere. If the pressure is lower than Continue Reading

Field description

“Art is a lie that makes us realize truth.” -Pablo Picasso …………………………………….. Quantum field theory is the consistent relativistic generalization of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. ………………………………………… A quantum field is the potential for a particle to exist. ………………………………………… Degree of freedom is the direction in which a particle can move freely Continue Reading

Mere linguistic translation?

Jeremy England’s  “dissipative adaptation,”  is just as much about language as it is about biology. …………………………………….. Each field of science represents a typical language unto itself.   …………………………………….. Scientific explanations are often  just translations. ……………………………………..   “Red” is a translation of the phrase “620-750 nanometer wavelength.” ……………………………………..   “Temperature” is Continue Reading

Smolin

Lee Smolin believes  in neither string theory nor in mainstream quantum mechanics. He attempts to discover(or invent?) an alternative  atomic theory. ………………………………………… Lee Smolin’s  books  include The Trouble with Physics (2006) and Time Reborn (2013).   ………………………………………… “Only dead fish swim with the stream.” Malcolm Muggeridge ………………………………………… Smolin’s books  are Continue Reading

Sean Carroll

Sean Carroll accepts string theory as  a very natural extension of quantum field theory. …………………………………………   ………………………………………… “We don’t even know what time is.”  Sean Carroll ………………………………………… Sean Carroll’s  time emerges from small-scale quantum interactions, but Smolin’s time is fundamentally  universal. ………………………………………… “Most of us in this game believe that Continue Reading

Quantum mechanical

………………………………………… ………………………………………… We can’t expect a better interpretation of quantum mechanics at the cost of classical realism. ………………………………………… As individual quantum systems, particles appear to scatter off empty branches of the wave-function, and conversely travel through particles as if they were waves. ………………………………………… Geo-centrism was dismissed by the Copernican revolution; Continue Reading

Lagrangian

Lagrangian formalism prefers simple logic without any details about a system to complicated mechanical equations as in   Quantum Mechanics and newtonian mechanics. ………………………………………… Lagrangian ‘action’  is just an auxiliary quantity which gets us to original equations of motion. ………………………………………… Hamiltonian information of phase space entropy  is always conserved, but it Continue Reading

Geometry

………………………………………… Mathematics plays an important role in the technological advancement of modern civilization. ………………………………………… We don’t know why math works so well to explain our physical world. ………………………………………… Mathematics might be humankind’s mere trick not an inherent cosmic language. ………………………………………… We all use math in our daily lives. ………………………………………… Math Continue Reading

Lightning

During a storm ,vaporized waterdrops  rise and become ice.Then ice-particles fall and get electrons from rising water via thermoelectric effect.While the cloud top becomes positive, the bottom becomes negative.When the negative charge can  overcome air resistance, a flow of negative charge rushes toward the earth.  The positive charges of the Continue Reading

Measurement

One can wonder if the abstract logic of HUP can activate potential field values(‘zero’ by default) with probability distribution initiating information processing. Thus ‘physical’ might be a derivative of ‘logical’, if not a mere linguistic translation of the latter.   ………………………………………… “When you can measure what you are speaking about, Continue Reading

Freedom

………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………“The absurd does not liberate; it binds. It does not authorize all actions. ‘Everything is permitted’ does not mean that nothing is forbidden.”-Albert Camus ………………………………………… ………………………………………… “I may not have been sure about what really did interest me, but I was absolutely sure about what didn’t.’ -Albert Camus Continue Reading

Quantum Computer

……………………………………….. ………………………………………… ………………………………………… Quantum information can be in a superposition of both 0 and 1 at the same time. Such qubits can be encoded in the polarization states of a photon or in the spin states of electrons and atomic nuclei. It can then be used to encode classical information. Continue Reading

Sun

………………………………………… If we create a generation ship right now, we can reach  Proxima b in 6300 years with the speed of 200 km/s. ………………………………………… Proxima b is the closest known, potentially habitable planet. ………………………………………… With an initial crew of 32, inbreeding is  inevitable in a generation ship . They would Continue Reading

Gauge

………………………………………… Physics equations don’t need virtual particles. ………………………………………… “Energy-time uncertainty relation” has nothing to do with virtual particles. …………………………………………   In the absence of a non-perturbative formulation of quantum field theory, we have to compute some amplitudes perturbatively (e.g. for outcomes of particle collisions) using Feynman diagrams  imagined as virtual Continue Reading

Photon

………………………………………… An electric field exerts a force on a charged particle along the direction of the field. A magnetic field  exerts a force perpendicularly to the velocity of a charged particle. Thus a charged particle moves in circles around magnetic fields. …………………………………….. Electromagnetic waves are interlocked oscillations of electric and Continue Reading

Meaning

……………………………………..Until we know what consciousness actually is, we can’t explain our insatiable search for meaning……………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………….. . ……………………………………. …………………………………………“What can a meaning outside my condition mean to me? I can understand only in human terms.” -Albert Camus ………………………………………… “If I convince myself that this life has no other aspect than that of Continue Reading

Earth

………………………………………… More than 90% of Earth’s crust is made up of silicate minerals( feldspar and quartz) precipitated from the upper atmosphere gaseous magma produced by the Theia-Earth collision . The rest 10% was formed by volcanic activity. …………………………………………

Global Warming

…………………………………….. “Only a socially just  degrowth of the global economy can save our civilization.” …………………………………….. …………………………………….. …………………………………….. In Indian philosophy, simple living demands high thinking. Childish consumerism and thereby global warming might spontaneously and efficiently get bridled if, and only if, scientific speculations on cosmos, life and consciousness can at Continue Reading

Logic

“The whole spectrum of life depends on uniting the living with the non-living, the meaning with the non-meaning, the purposeful with the merely mechanical.”  – Daniel C. Dennett   ………………………………………… Logic is a formal description of reasoning. ………………………………………… Basic simplicity from which complexities like universe or life can spring up Continue Reading

Symmetry

Sub-atomic particles do not behave the same way when their orientations are flipped into their mirror images. It is a breaking of mirror or “parity” symmetry. ………………………………………… Perhaps we need  invisible mirror image particles to initially get the real symmetry to explain sub-atomic particles’  mirror symmetry breaking. ………………………………………… Neutrons in Continue Reading

My blog, my dream

wondernspeculate.org …………………………………….. I’ll be honored to have you as a visitor of my blog. I wonder if scientific speculations on COSMOS, LIFE and CONSCIOUSNESS can be a form of mass entertainment. After all, spending an entire life asking no existential question is like enjoying a picnic blindfolded. Isn’t life a Continue Reading

Share with kids

……………………. …………………………………………   …………………………………………Many huge balls circle and roll in the vacuum of space — and we live on one of them.…………………………………………Our earth is a rocky ball circling around a gaseous ball (Sun). …………………………………………Planets, moons, stars, asteroids and black holes are all gaseous or stony balls. ………………………………………… “A human being Continue Reading

Love

………………………………………… ………………………………………… ………………………………………… Time is the length of life, while love is the depth of life. ………………………………………… Origin of life on earth might be the origin of love in nature. ………………………………………… The geological  restlessness of a  hadean planet has turned into love, an existential restlessness. ………………………………………… I want to get Continue Reading

Mathematics

………………………………………… Mathematics plays an important role in the technological advancement of modern civilization. ………………………………………… We don’t know why math works so well to explain our physical world. ………………………………………… Mathematics might be humankind’s mere trick not an inherent cosmic language. ………………………………………… We all use math in our daily lives. ………………………………………… Math Continue Reading

Cosmos/Universe

………………………………………… …………………………………………If the electric repulsion between protons were just a bit stronger, then our familiar atoms, and hence chemistry, and hence life itself, could not apparently exist. ………………………………………… We might be the product of design, coincidence, multiverse or evolution. ………………………………………… Some particular properties of the universe keep up our very Continue Reading

Quantum Darwinism

—————————————– —————————————– …………………………………….. ………………………………………… ………………………………………… “The main idea of quantum Darwinism is that we almost never do any direct measurement on anything. [The environment] is like a big advertising billboard, which floats multiple copies of the information about our universe all over the place.”-W. H.Zurek ………………………………………… Some quantum states are Continue Reading

Holographic Reality

………………………………………… “Time and space are modes by which we think and not conditions in which we live.” Albert Einstein ………………………………………… ………………………………………… We still don’t know about ‘the underlying ultimate level’ everyday  events emerge from. It might be subatomic, planckian, extra dimensional or even holographic. ………………………………………… Quantum burst of Nothingness into Continue Reading

Life, universe, quantum, etc.

…………………………………….. Biological evolution explains diversification of plants and animals by variation and natural selection. The origin of life is still UNKNOWN. Perhaps life started as a chemical system. Cosmological evolution explains the formation of galaxies, stars or planets by an expanding big bang model of our universe. The origin of Continue Reading

Existence is an inhomogeneous signal in some homogeneous medium.

—————————————– The interface between existence and non-existence is either like a virtual particle, or  like a probability wave. —————————————– Nothing actually “exists.” —————————————– “Existence ” is really a shorthand we use for a pattern that interests us or a pattern we’ve evolved to be sensitive to. —————————————– The boundary between Continue Reading

Meme

‘I’ is an organized gathering of memes(in humans) or chemical drives (in single celled organisms) for their focused operation or mode of survival or systematic existence. ‘I’ is a necessary illusion. ………………………………………… Different TV sets with varying tuning, sound or picture qualities represent individual ‘Is’. TV signals represent memetic or Continue Reading